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研究生:蔡俊賢
研究生(外文):Tsai, Chun-Shian
論文名稱:在無線網路環境中為行動用戶設計行動管理機制和群播路由協定
論文名稱(外文):On the Design of the Mobility Management Scheme and Multicast Routing Protocol for Mobile Users in Wireless Network Environment
指導教授:楊峻權
指導教授(外文):Yang, Chun-Chuan
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:無線網路行動管理
外文關鍵詞:Mobility ManagementMulticastWireless Network EnvironmentBWAWireless Overlay NetworkVertical HandoffCellular IP
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:48
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在無線網路環境之中, 行動管理對行動用戶來說是一個重要的的元件。 目前第三層行動管理問題只是在大領域和小領域中有討論。 然而, 最近有一個新的無線網路技術(i.e. 802.16)開始蓬勃發展, 我們討論如果在802.16網路環境之中以目前2層架構 (大領域和小領域) 是不夠的。 因此, 我們提出稱為中領域的概念出來。 在這博士論文中, 我們將針對以上所述三個領域 (1) 小領域 (2) 中領域 和(3)大領域, 去設計行動管理機制和群播路由協定。
在小領域之中, 我們在巢狀網路(Cellular IP)中提出一個新的位置管理機制叫做分散式群組追蹤(DGT), 主要是針對群組通訊而設計的。 模擬研究指出所提DGT的機制和傳統通信閘為主的機制(Gateway-based)來相比較, 會有比較好的效能, 特別是在傳輸成本(transmission cost)和連線負載平衡上(link load balance)。
在中領域的部份, 依據美國電子電機協會(IEEE)所提標準分802.16-2004和802.16e, 並且我們針對這802.16行動網路的技術提出2個應用。 第一個應用為在802.16-2004標準下所提出的中領域行動管理機制去強化802.16網路的部署。 有關於數學分析和模擬的研究也會探討和驗證。 而在第二個應用裏, 我們為了使得垂直換手更有效率(在802.16e/802.11雙網模式下), 因而提出以速度為基礎的垂直換手機制(SVH)。
最後, 我們延伸中領域的概念到大領域, 並且提出超級家代理(SHA)去強化中領域的行動管理機制。 模擬結果也已經證實了SHA機制已經有意義地降低了註冊成本和換手延遲時間。 此外, 我們也提出階層式群播路由通訊協定 (HMP), 而此協定除了解決傳統群播路由在802.16網路的問題外, 實驗結果也証實了有比較好的效能。
Mobility management is an essential component for mobile users in wireless network environment. The current L3 (layer 3) mobility issues are merely restricted in Macro-mobility and Micro-mobility. A novel wireless network technology, i.e. 802.16, develops in the near years. We have concluded that the 2-tier (Macro + Micro) architecture is not enough for the 802.16 network environment. Thus, a novel concept namely Middle-domain is proposed. In the dissertation, we aim to design the mobility management scheme in: (1) Micro-domain (2) Middle-domain and (3) Macro-domain.
In Micro-domain, a novel location management scheme called Distributed Group Tracking (DGT) for group communications in Cellular IP networks is proposed. Simulation study has demonstrated that a better performance can be achieved by DGT over the gateway-based counterpart in terms of transmission cost as well as link load balance.
In Middle-domain, based on the two IEEE Specifications, 802.16-2004 and 802.16e, we propose two kinds of paradigms of the 802.16 network technology for mobile networking. In the first paradigm, middle-domain mobility management for 802.16-2004 is proposed to enhance 802.16 network deployment. A mathematical analysis and simulation study are presented for performance evaluation and verifying. In the second paradigm, a novel protocol called speed-based vertical handoff scheme (SVH) is proposed to provide more efficient vertical handoff.
In Macro-domain, we propose SHA (super home agent) idea to enhance mobility management of Middle-domain. Moreover, multicast extension namely HMP (Hierarchical Multicast Protocol) is also researched in the dissertation. Simulation results have demonstrated that SHA idea has significantly reduced registration cost as well as handoff latency.
感恩 II
論文摘要 III
Abstract IV

Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Background 2
1.3 Identified Issues 4
1.4 Dissertation Organization 6

Chapter 2 Multicast Service in Cellular IP Networks 8
2.1 Introduction 8
2.2 Related work 11
2.3 Distributed Group Tracking 12
2.3.1 Basic idea 12
2.3.2 Constructing DGT-Tree 14
2.4 Maintaining DGT-Tree 17
2.4.1 Dealing with mobility 17
2.4.2 Consistency of DGT-Cache 19
2.4.3 Security issues 19
2.4.4 Dealing with members outside the CIP network 20
2.5 Performance Evaluation 20
2.5.1 Simulation environment and performance criteria 20
2.5.2 Simulation results 22
2.6 Conclusion 26

Chapter 3 802.16-based Mobility Management Scheme 28
3.1 Introduction 28
3.2 Related Work 31
3.2.1 802.16 mobility management 31
3.2.2 An enhanced mobility management in CIP networks 32
3.2.3 Vertical handoff schemes 32
3.3 Mobility Management in 802.16-2004 Mobile Network Environment 35
3.3.1 Problems of fitting existing protocols in 802.16-2004 35
3.3.2 802.16-2004 Middle-domain mobility management 37
3.3.3 Simulation study 41
3.3.4 Theoretical analysis 44
3.3.5 Verifying 51
3.4 Multicast extension of the middle-domain 55
3.5 Mobility Management in 802.16e/802.11 Overlay Network Environment 59
3.5.1 Comparison with traditional overlay networks 59
3.5.2 Speed-based vertical handoff scheme (SVH) 61
3.5.3 Performance evaluation 63
3.6 Conclusion 66

Chapter 4 Multicast Service in Mobile IP Networks 69
4.1 Introduction 69
4.2 Related work 71
4.2.1 Mobile IP multicast 71
4.3 Super Home Agent (SHA) 73
4.3.1 Basic idea 73
4.3.2 Location management 73
4.3.3 Dealing with CN inside the home 802.16 network 75
4.3.4 Data delivery 76
4.4 Hierarchical Multicast Protocol (HMP) 76
4.4.1 Inefficient routing problems 76
4.4.2 Multicast outside the Middle-domain 79
4.4.3 Designated Multicast Service Provider (DMSP) 80
4.5 Performance Evaluation 81
4.5.1 Simulation environment and performance criteria 81
4.5.2 Simulation results 83
4.6 Conclusion 87

Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future works 88
5.1 Conclusion 88
5.2 Future works 90

Reference 92
Abbreviation A
[Mobility management]
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[Macro-mobility]
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[Micro-mobility]
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[Integration for macro and micro mobility]
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[Special issues for MIP]
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[28]R. Koodli, “Fast Handovers for Mobile IPv6,” RFC 4068, July 2005.
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[Multicast on the basis of CIP]
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[Multicast on the basis of MIP]
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[45]V. Chikarmane, R. Bunt and C. Williamson, “Mobile IP-based Multicast as a Service for Mobile Hosts,” Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Services in Distributed and Networked Environments, Whistler, BC, Canada (June 1995), pp. 11-18.
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[Security Issues]
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[52]Paul Judge and Mostafa Ammar, “Security Issues and Solutions in Multicast Content Distribution: a Survey,” IEEE Network, Vol. 17, Issue 1, Jan.-Feb. 2003, pp.30-36.
[WiMax(802.16)]
[53]IEEE 802.16-2004, “IEEE Standard for Local and Metropolitan Area Networks-Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” 1 Oct. 2004.
[54]IEEE 802.16 TGe, “Part 16: Air Interface for Fixed and Mobile Broadband Wireless Access Systems,” IEEE Standard No: 802.16E-2005 &802.16/COR1, 28 Feb. 2006.
[55]S. J. Vaughan-Nichols, “Achieving Wireless BroadBand with WiMax,” Computer, Jun. 2004, pp. 10-13.
[56]IEEE Std. 802.11f/D5, “Draft Recommended Practice for Multi-Ventor Access Point Interoperability via an Inter-Access Point Protocol Across Distribution Systems Supporting IEEE 802.11 Operation,” March 2003.
[Wireless overlay network]
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[Vertical handoff]
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