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研究生:林侑璋
研究生(外文):Yo-chang lin
論文名稱:人體內信號傳輸特性之研究及30-GHz壓控震盪器之設計及實現
論文名稱(外文):Study of Intra-Body Signal Transmission and Design and Implementation of 30-GHz Voltage Control Oscillator
指導教授:林佑昇林佑昇引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:電感品質因數震盪器變壓器回授人體阻抗架構
外文關鍵詞:inductorquality factorVCOtransformer feedbackhuman-body impedance structure
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本論文研究針對高頻震盪器設計及應用於生醫系統之人體內信號傳輸特性研究
第一部份研究電感在不同去嵌化技術的特性。在射頻電路中,電感一向佔很重的地位。如何選擇適用的電感及品質因數都是很重要的參數,因此我們下了對照組並利用此對照組去校正模擬環境,以提高電路設計的準確度。
第二部份為研究高頻震盪器及變壓器回授震盪器在互補式金氧半場效電晶體在0.18微米製程之研究,配合第一部份的研究結果,得以使震盪器運用在C-頻段及Ka-頻段上。
第三部份為研究人體內傳輸之特性。在這高科技的時代,將人體變為電路的一部份已經不是虛幻了,為了有效掌握訊號在人體的變化,我們觀察訊號衰減趨勢去提供了一個簡易的人體阻抗架構。
In this thesis, we focus study of high-frequency VCO and intra-body signal transmission for biomedical system.
The first, we study of different de-embedding technique for on-wafer inductors. In the RF circuit, the inductors always occupy very heavy position. How to choice the proper inductor and quality factor is critical parameter. Therefore we derive differ to result of de-embedding technique for on-wafer inductors and utilize result to revise simulation environment. And I can improve degree of accuracy for circuit design.
The second, we study of high-frequency VCO and transformer feedback VCO in CMOS 0.18μm process technology. We cooperate with the result of study of the first part to design VCO in the C-band and Ka- band.
The third, we study of intra-body signal transmission. In an era of Hi-Tech, a part turning the human body into the circuit is not unreal. In order to grasp the change in the human body of signal effectively, we observed the loss trend of signal to offer a simple and easy human-body impedance structure.
Chapter1 Introduction……………………………1
1.1 Introduction and Motivation……………………………………………1
1.1.1 IC Process Tendency…………………………………………………1
1.1.2 Medical Treatment Developing……………………………………3
1.2 Thesis Overview……………………………………………………5
Chapter2 Discussion of De-Embedding Technique For On-Wafer Device Characterization Inductor and Varactor…………………6
2.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………6
2.2 Open-Short De-Embedding Method…………………………………6
2.2.1 Device Parasitic Modeling…………………………………………6
2.2.2 De-embedding Flow Path……………………………………………8
2.3 Open-Thru De-Embedding Method………………………………8
2.3.1 On-Wafer device De-Embedding Theory……………………………8
2.3.2 De-Embedding Procedure……………………………………13
2.3.3 Inductor Analysis……………………………………………………10
2.4 Open-Short Vs Open-Thru Measured result…………………………12
2.4.1 Setup…………………………………………………………………12
2.4.2 Measurement Result……………………………………………13
2.5 Conclusion……………………………………………………………17
Chapter3 Voltage Controlled Oscillator……18
3.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………18
3.2 Basic Oscillate Theorem : Barkhausen Criteria…………18
3.2.1 Fundamental Of LC-VCO………………………………18
3.3 Phase Noise………………………………………………………………21
3.4 30-GHz LC-Tank VCO Design ………………………………………24
3.4.1 Circuit Architecture…………………………………………………24
3.4.2 MOS Varactor Design………………………………………………25
3.4.3 Inductor Design………………………………………………………27
3.4.4 Simulation and Measurement Results……………………………31
3.5 Transformer Feedback VCO Design …………………………………34
3.5.1 Transformer Feedback VCO (TF-VCO)……………………………34
3.5.2 5.2GHz Low Power Transformer Feedback VCO (TF-VCO) Design Simulation and Measurement………………………………………36
3.6 Conclusion ………………………………………………………42
Chapter4 Study of Intra-Body Signal Transmission
…………………………………………………43
4.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………43
4.2 Application OF IBC System Modeling…………………………………43
4.2.1 Automation Home Health-Care………………………………44
4.2.2 Data Protection Transmission System………………………………45
4.3 Signal Transmission Method……………………………………………47
4.4 Experiment Setup………………………………………………………49
4.5 Experiment Results And Discussions…………………………………51
4.5.1 Frequency Domain Response………………………………………51
4.5.2 Influence Of Body Structures………………………………………52
4.5.3 Forecast of Body Impedance Modeling………………………………53
4.6 Conclusion……………………………………………………………56
Chapter5 Conclusions…………………………….57
References…………………………………………59
References

Chapter 1
[1] http://cdnet.stpi.org.tw/techroom/market/eerfid/rfid030.htm

Chapter 2
[2] M.C.A.M. Koolen, J.A.M. Geelen and M.P.J.G. Versleijen ‘An improved de-embedding technique for on-wafer high-frequency characterization,’ in IEEE Bipolar Circuits and Technology Meeting, Sep.1991, pp.188-191
[3] Ming-Hsiang CHO, Guo - Wei HUANG , Member ,IEEE, Yueh-hua Wang , and Lin-Kun Wu ,Member ,IEEE ‘A Scalable Noise De-Embedding Technique for On-Wafer Microwave Dwvice Characterization’.volume 15,lssue 10.oct ,2005 page (s) 649-651
[4] W. R. Eisenstadt and Y. Eo, “S-parameter-based IC interconnect transmission
line characterization,” IEEE Trans. Compon., Hybrids, Manufact. Technol., vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 483–483, Aug. 1992.

Chapter 3
[5] T. Song, S. Ko, DH Cho, HS Oh, C. Chung, and E. Yoon, “A 5 GHz. transformer-coupled CMOS VCO using bias-level shifting technique,”. in IEEE Radio Freq. Integr. Circuits Symp. Dig., Fort Worth, TX, Jun. 2004, pp. 127–130
[6] T. Lee and A. Hajimiri, “Oscillator phase noise: a tutorial,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 326–336, Mar. 2000.
[7] R. J. J. Rael and A. A. Abidi, “Physical processes of phase noise in differential LC oscillators,” in Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf., Orlando, FL, 2000, pp. 569–572.
[8] C. Hung, L. Shi, I. Laguado, and K. O, “A 25.9 GHz voltage-controlled oscillator fabricated in a CMOS process,” in IEEE VLSI Circuits Symp. Dig. Papers, 2000, pp. 100–101.
[9] S.Voinigescu, D. Marchesan, and M. Copeland, “A family of monolithic inductor-varactor SiGe-HBT VCOs for 20 GHz to 30 GHz LMDS and fiber-optic receiver applications,” in Proc. IEEE RFIC Symp., 2000, pp.173–176.
[10] N. Fong, J.-O. Plouchart, N. Zamdmer, Liu Duixian, L. Wagner, P. Garry, G. Tarr, “ A 40 GHz VCO with 9 to 15% tuning range in 0.13 μm SOI CMOS” IEEE VLSI Symp., Digest of Technical Papers, pp.186 – 189, June 2002.
[11] J. O. Plouchart, J. Kim, et al., "A 31 GHz CML ring VCO with 5.4 ps delay in a 0.12-μm SOI CMOS technology," ESSCIRC, 2003.
[12] K. Kwok, and H. C. Luong, “Ultra-Low-Voltage High-Performance VCO Using Transformer Feedback,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, Vol. 40, pp.652-660, March, 2005.
[13] C. Samori, S. Levantino, and V. Boccuzzi, “A -94 dBc/Hz@100kHz, fully-integrated, 5 GHz, CMOS VCO with 18% tuning range for Bluetooth application,” in Proc. IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conf., pp. 201-204, 2001.
[14] B. Jung and R. Harjani, “A Wide Tuning Range VCO Using Capacitive Source Degeneration,” In Proc. ISCAS’ 04, pp. 145-148,2004.
[15] H. Ahn, I. Park, and B. Kim, “A 5 GHz self-calibrated I/Q clock generator using a quadrature LC VCO,” in Proc. IEEE ISCAS, vol. 1, May2003, pp. 797–800.
[16] T. P. Liu, “ A 6.5GHz Monolithic CMOS Voltage-Controlled Oscillator,” in IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conf. Dig. Tech. Papers, pp. 404-405, Feb. 1999.


Chapter 4
[17] K. Hachisuka Post et al., “Development and Performance Analysis of an Intra-Body Communication Device,” Proc. of 12th International Conference on Solid State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, Boston, pp. 1722-1725, June 2003.
[18] World Health Organization, “Electromagnetic Fields (300Hz to 300GHz),” 1993, www.inchem.org/documents/ehc/ehc/ehc137.htm
[19] K. Hachisuka, Y. Terauchi, Y. Kishi, T. Hirota, K. Sasaki, H. Hosaka, and K. Ito, “Simplified circuit modeling and fabrication of intra-body communication devices,” 13th International Conference on Solid-State Sensors, Actuators and Microsystems, vol. 2E4, no. 3, pp. 461–464, 2005.
[20] L. C. Ward, et al., “Reliability of Multiple Frequency Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis: An Inter-machine Comparison,” Amer. J. Hum. Biol., 9:63-72, 1997.
[21] T. G. Zimmerman, “Personal Area Networks: Near-filed Intra-Body Communication,” IBM Systems Journal, Vol .35, N. 3&4, pp. 609-617, 1996.
[22] http://www.hocom.com.tw/page_01.php?ID=502
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