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研究生:江思慧
研究生(外文):Chiang,Szu-Hui
論文名稱:澳洲高等教育出口之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study on Export of Australian Higher Education
指導教授:楊武勳楊武勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang,Wu-Hsun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:比較教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:153
中文關鍵詞:澳洲高等教育高等教育出口品質全球化國際化
外文關鍵詞:Australiahigher educationthe export of higher educationqualityglobalizationinternationalization
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  澳洲發展國際高等教育,從開始資助國外鄰近發展中國家,進而發展成為世界主要出口國家。政府提供高品質的教育服務,透過跨國高等教育擴張其教育市場,從教育出口中獲取更多財政收入。目前澳洲高等教育出口除固守其在亞洲出口市場外,更開始向歐盟市場前進。整體而言,澳洲政府在其高等教育出口上扮演非常重要的角色。
  而我國自加入WTO後,高等教育的發展已逐漸走向自由化、多元化、大眾化及國際化。高等教育發展已面臨重大轉型,政府及各大學更開始發展國際教育為大學提供另一發展空間。澳洲高等教育出口經驗措施,正可做為我國高等教育拓展國際市場之借鏡。
  透過澳洲出口文件分析後,得到的研究結論如下:1.高等教育出口動機為全球化、國際化、高等教育國際化、市場消費導向及跨國教育機會與風險。2.1980年代以來,高等教育的改革與發展包含高等教育體系轉變,教育機構開始合併或改制,重視市場、績效、企業傾向競爭管理。3.高等教育出口分為二個階段:1984年以前,國際學生政策為對外「援助」;1984年以後,採取「援助」與「貿易」兩者結合政策導向。4. 高等教育品質策略仍由國家政府主導,同時也鼓勵各大學發展自我評鑑品質管理機制。
  最後根據前述研究結果,獲致的建議如下:1.建議設立一個專職負責海外國際教育機構,負責國際市場行銷資訊蒐集。2.建議建立一個完善的外國學生權益保障,吸引外國學生前來就學。3.在拓展國際高等教育市場策略上,較傾向直接以招收國際學生到台灣的大學就學為佳,未來是否需像澳洲一樣大量招收offshore仍需加以思考。4.政府應多加強整體完善的品質評鑑機制規劃,確保高品質的高等教育。5.政府仍應多鼓勵各大學積極參與國際活動,有助於國際了解及制訂國際市場策略。
  Australian developed international higher education by subsidizing its developing neighbor nations, and it finally became a main exporter of higher education in the world. In the process, Australian government provides high quality education service and expands education market by transnational higher education. Meanwhile, Australia also gains more financial revenues from education export as well. At present, Australia not only exports its higher education to the Asia market but also starts to export education to the market in European Union. To sum up, Australian government plays a very important role on higher education export.
  After Taiwan joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) , the keywords of higher education have gradually moved to liberalization, diversification, mass and internationalization. The higher education in Taiwan is facing significant reforms nowadays. The government and many universities start to create more chances to develop international education. Therefore, the experiences of the export of Australian higher education could be valuable for Taiwan.
  The analyses on the export of Australian higher education obtained following conclusions: 1.The motivations that Australian exports higher education are globalization, internationalization, market guidance, the opportunity and risk in transnational education. 2. From 1980s, Australia transformed higher education system, and the educational institutions also started to merge or to change the systems. Meanwhile, the government paid much attention to marketing, accountability and competitive management. 3. The export of Australian higher education can be divided into two stages: one is international student policy for foreign "aid" before 1984, and the other is international student policy which combines "the aid" with "the trade" after 1984. 4.The quality strategies of Australian transnational higher education were led by the national government. Meanwhile, the government also encourages various universities to develop their own evaluation system in terms of quality control.
  According above conclusions, the following suggestions are drawn: 1.To establish an overseas specialty institution for international market information collection. 2. To set up the protections of foreign students’ rights for attracting foreign students to come to study in Taiwan. 3. In terms of international higher education market strategies, it is comparatively favorable to recruit the international students to study in Taiwan's universities. However, it is necessary to consider seriously if Taiwan should recruit the international students through offshore as Australia as does. 4. The government should strengthen the quality evaluation plans in order to guarantee quality on higher education. 5. The government should keep encouraging universities to participate international activities because it is helpful to understand other countries and establish international market strategies.
目 次
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景與動機………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………… 4
第三節 研究方法與步驟………………………………………………… 5
第四節 研究範圍與架構………………………………………………… 6
第五節 名詞釋義與研究限制…………………………………………… 8
第二章 高等教育出口相關文獻探討……………………………………10
第一節 全球化與國際化…………………………………………………10
第二節 高等教育國際化…………………………………………………15
第三節 高等教育產業市場化……………………………………………25
第四節 跨國教育的機會、風險與品質控制……………………………30
第三章 澳洲高等教育出口策略…………………………………………35
第一節 1980年代以來高等教育的改革與發展…………………………35
第二節 高等教育國際出口政策…………………………………………44
第三節 亞太地區高等教育出口策略……………………………………56
第四章 澳洲高等教育品質策略…………………………………………71
第一節 高等教育品質保證………………………………………………71
第二節 跨國高等教育品質政策…………………………………………77
第三節 高等教育使用資訊通訊技術品質保證策略……………………89
第五章 澳洲大學教育出口策略:以The University of New South
     Wales為例 ………………………………………………………97
第一節 大學參與國際合作活動…………………………………………97
第二節 國際學生交換……………………………………………………107
第三節 國際學生服務……………………………………………………112
第六章 結論與建議………………………………………………………116
第一節 結論………………………………………………………………116
第二節 建議………………………………………………………………120
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………124
附錄一:中英文簡稱一覽表………………………………………………137
附錄二:新南威爾斯大學交換合作夥伴機構……………………………141
表 次
表2-2-1 國際教育服務提供主要作法……………………………………… 23
表3-2-1 在澳洲註冊入學的國際學生前10大來源國家(2002年~2005年)49
表3-2-2 在澳洲註冊入學的海外學生區域分布(2002年~2005年)………50
表3-2-3 1994年~2005年在澳洲註冊入學的國際學生人數………………52
表4-2-1 補助機構及計畫主題………………………………………………78
圖 次
圖1-4-1 研究架構圖……………………………………………………………6
圖3-1-1 1996年~2004年大學資金來源(%)…………………………………41
圖3-2-1 在澳洲大學入學的國際學生人數(1993年~ 2002年)……………47
圖3-2-2  2002年教育比較出口收益…………………………………………53
圖4-1-1 澳洲品質保證體制……………………………………………………75
圖4-2-1 Augmented Current Model 概圖…………………………………81
圖4-2-2 Advisory Board Model概圖………………………………………83
圖4-2-3 National Authority Model概圖…………………………………85
圖5-3-1 新南威爾斯大學國際學生招募架構圖……………………………113
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