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研究生:莊廷玉
論文名稱:震動訓練與跳繩訓練對棒球選手跑壘速度及反應時間之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Vibration and Jump Rope Training on Base-running Velocity and Reaction Time to Baseball Players
指導教授:張嘉澤張嘉澤引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:96
中文關鍵詞:反應時間牽張縮短循環理論張力性震動反射震動訓練跳繩訓練跑壘速度
外文關鍵詞:vibration trainingjump rope trainingbase-running velocityreaction timeSSCtonic vibration reflex
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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本研究目的是探討20天震動訓練與跳繩訓練對棒球選手下肢動力(CMJ)、起跑反應時間、擊球後至一壘跑壘速度、擊球後5m跑壘速度之影響。以26位成棒(大學甲組、職業棒球隊替代役男)選手為研究對象,平均年齡、身高、體重為22.3±2.46yr、174.6±4.51cm、79.23±7kg。前測(T-1)共有4個項目,其中CMJ、起跑反應時間測試屬於基礎運動能力檢測;擊球後至一壘跑壘速度、擊球後5m跑壘速度測試屬於專項運動能力檢測。依前測下肢動力(CMJ) 測試之成績,以序列方式將研究對象分為震動訓練(A)組與跳繩訓練(B)組(每組各13人)。A、B組開始進行20天訓練,每10天進行4次訓練,訓練間隔至少1天,熱身完進行本實驗之訓練。A組接受震動頻率40Hz、震幅2mm之震動刺激,以2種動作進行5組,每組60s,組間休息40s的震動訓練。B組以個人最佳表現來進行2組×5次×10s的跳繩訓練,組間休息2分鐘,次與次間休息30s。第10天進行中測(T-2),第20天進行後測(T-3)。結果顯示:A、B組經過20天訓練後CMJ皆顯著進步(p<0.001、p<0.01),組間未達顯著差異;A、B組反應時間皆顯著進步(p<0.001),組間未達顯著差異;A、B組擊球後至一壘跑壘速度皆顯著進步( p<0.001),A組優於B組0.32 m/s (p<0.05);A組擊球後5m跑壘速度顯著進步 (p<0.01),B組有進步但未達顯著,A組優於B組0.34 m/s (p<0.05)。本研究結論為震動訓練與跳繩訓練能增進棒球選手CMJ、起跑反應時間、擊球後至一壘跑壘速度、擊球後5m跑壘速度,但只有擊球後至一壘跑壘速度和擊球後5m跑壘速度在組間達顯著差異。
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 20 days vibration training and jump rope training on baseball players’ lower limbs’ power (CMJ), take-off reaction time, base-running velocity from home to first after batting and 5m base-running velocity after batting of baseball players. Twenty-six adult baseball players (excellent university and substitute service of professional baseball teams) were involved in this study with the average age and height weight were 2.3±2.46yr、174.6±4.51cm、and 79.23±7kg, respectively. Pretest (T-1) included 4 tests. The CMJ and take-off reaction time was basic test of sport capacity, base-running velocity from home to first after batting and 5m base-running velocity after batting were specific test of sport capacity. Subjects was divided to group A (vibration training) and group B (jump rope training by CMJ performance in matched-pair designed ( each group have 13 people). Group A and B started 20 days training, there were 4 times training in 10 day and separated at least 1 day. Group A were stimulated by vibration frequency at 40Hz, and amplitude at 2mm, in 2 movements of vibration training and proceeded 5 sets, each set performed 60s, and set rested 40s. Group B proceed 2 sets × 5 times × 10s of jump rope training by personal best performance, set rest interval was 2 min, and each time rest 30s. Middle-test (T-2) was proceeded in 10 days and posttest (T-3) was proceeded after training. Results showed that CMJ of Group A and B had significant improvement after 20 days training (p<0.001、p<0.01), but there was no difference between groups. Reaction time of Group A and B were significant improvement (p<0.001), but there was no difference between groups. Base-running velocity from home to first after batting of group A and B were significant improvement (p<0.001) and group A was significant higher than group B to 0.32 m/s (p<0.05); 5m base-running velocity after batting of group A was significant improvement (p<0.01), but group B was not significant improvement and group A was significant higher Group B in 0.34 m/s (p<0.05). Conclusions of the study were vibration and jump rope training can improve CMJ, take-off reaction time, base-running velocity from home to first after batting, 5m base-running velocity after batting, but base-running velocity from home to first after batting and 5m base-running velocity after batting were significant different between groups.
目 錄

第壹章 緒論

第一節 前言-------------------------------------------------- 1
第二節 研究背景與動機---------------------------------------- 2
第三節 研究目的---------------------------------------------- 7
第四節 研究範圍與限制---------------------------------------- 8
第五節 名詞解釋---------------------------------------------- 8

第貳章 文獻探討

第一節 棒球跑壘動作型態-------------------------------------- 10
第二節 震動訓練理論基礎-------------------------------------- 12
第三節 震動訓練在應用於運動訓練上之效用---------------------- 14
第四節 牽張縮短循環理論-------------------------------------- 23
第五節 反應時間之相關研究------------------------------------ 25
第六節 文獻探討總結------------------------------------------ 30

第参章 研究方法與步驟

第一節 研究對象---------------------------------------------- 32
第二節 測試時間---------------------------------------------- 33
第三節 測試儀器與設備---------------------------------------- 34
第四節 實驗方法與步驟---------------------------------------- 37
第五節 資料蒐集與處理---------------------------------------- 45



第肆章 結果與分析

第一節 基礎測試---------------------------------------------- 47
第二節 專項測試---------------------------------------------- 52
第三節 基礎能力與專項測試相關分析---------------------------- 57

第伍章 討論
第一節 下肢動力與跑壘速度之關係------------------------------ 63
第二節 下肢動力與反應時間之關係------------------------------ 66
第三節 反應時間與擊球後5m跑壘時間之關係---------------------- 68

第陸章 結論與建議
第一節 結論-------------------------------------------------- 69
第二節 建議-------------------------------------------------- 71

參考文獻------------------------------------------------------- 72

附錄
附錄一 參與者同意書------------------------------------------ 82
附錄二 運動能力診斷疾病調查表-------------------------------- 83






表 目 錄

表3-1 參與者基本資料------------------------------------------ 32
表3-2 實驗訓練測試時間表-------------------------------------- 33
表4-1 A組震動訓練下肢動力(CMJ) 三次測試平均值與標準
差------------------------------------------------------------- 47
表4-2 B組跳繩訓練下肢動力(CMJ) 三次測試平均值與標準
差------------------------------------------------------------- 48
表4-3 A組震動訓練反應時間三次測試平均值與標準差--------------- 50
表4-4 B組跳繩訓練反應時間三次測試平均值與標準差--------------- 50
表4-5 A組震動訓練擊球後至一壘跑壘速度兩次測試平均值
與標準差------------------------------------------------ 52
表4-6 B組跳繩訓練擊球後至一壘跑壘速度兩次測試平均值
與標準差------------------------------------------------ 53
表4-7 A組震動訓練擊球後5m跑壘速度兩次測試平均值與標
準差---------------------------------------------------- 55
表4-8 B組跳繩訓練擊球後5m跑壘速度兩次測試平均值與標
準差---------------------------------------------------- 55






圖 目 錄

圖2-1 擊球後的起跑動作圖-------------------------------------- 11
圖2-2 震動式訓練的生理機轉圖---------------------------------- 13
圖2-3 震幅示意圖---------------------------------------------- 14
圖2-4 全身震動訓練組的六種姿勢圖------------------------------ 15
圖2-5 震動訓練組、控制組、固定腳踏車組對手握力、擺臂反
向垂直跳、柔軟度表現的改變百分比(%)---------------------------- 16
圖2-6 肱二頭肌彎舉的震動訓練設備圖---------------------------- 19
圖2-7 肌肉彈性能儲存模型-------------------------------------- 24
圖2-8 反應時間、動作時間和整體反應時間之關係------------------ 26
圖2-9 Schmidt(1988)訊息處理模式三階段------------------------- 27
圖3-1 全身性震動訓練器---------------------------------------- 35
圖3-2 全身性震動訓練器之控制面-------------------------------- 35
圖3-3 Newtest主機--------------------------------------------- 36
圖3-4 Newtes操作PDA ------------------------------------------ 36
圖3-5 可摺疊式測力板------------------------------------------ 37
圖3-6 紅外線感應器組------------------------------------------ 37
圖3-7 下蹲跳測試---------------------------------------------- 38
圖3-8 起跑反應時間測試場地設置圖------------------------------ 40
圖3-9 跑壘速度測試示意圖-------------------------------------- 41
圖3-10 震動訓練深蹲動作示意圖---------------------------------- 42
圖3-11 震動訓練單腳站立動作示意圖------------------------------ 42
圖3-12 測試流程圖---------------------------------------------- 44
圖4-1 三次測試A與B組CMJ平均值與標準差------------------------- 49
圖4-2 三次測試A與B組反應時間平均值與標準差-------------------- 51
圖4-3 兩次測試A、B組擊球後至一壘跑壘速度平均值與標準
差------------------------------------------------------------- 54
圖4-4 兩次測試A與B組擊球後5m跑壘速度平均值與標準
差------------------------------------------------------ 56
圖4-5 A組下肢動力與跑壘速度之關係----------------------------- 57
圖4-6 B組下肢動力與跑壘時間之關係----------------------------- 58
圖4-7 A組下肢動力與反應時間之關係----------------------------- 59
圖4-8 B組下肢動力與反應時間之關係----------------------------- 60
圖4-9 A組反應時間與擊球後5m跑壘速度之關係--------------------- 61
圖4-10 B組反應時間與擊球後5m跑壘速度之關係--------------------- 62
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