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研究生:王信淳
研究生(外文):Hsin-Chun Wang
論文名稱:以MRPII觀念為基礎發展彩色濾光片製造業中資材計畫方法之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Material Requirement Planning Research in the CF Industry Based on the Approach of MPRII
指導教授:呂俊德呂俊德引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:啟發式演算法資材規劃彩色濾光片
外文關鍵詞:Heuristic AlgorithmMaterial Requirement PlanningColor Filter
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TFT-LCD (Thin Film Transistor-Liquid Crystal Display)製造業中資材成本佔總營運成本的60%,彩色濾光片(Color Filter, CF)製造在該產業中佔材料成本比重相當高,為其一關鍵原物料,且其生產所需原料有不同前置期與保存期限等的特性,再加上各關鍵零組件的供應市場呈寡佔情形,使得生產受限於資材供應。使該產業須特別重視生產計畫與資材規劃之協調。於是本研究以MRP II之觀念以彩色濾光片製造為研究對象,探討資材規劃之方法。
本研究以生產企劃部門中期營運計畫為觀點,建立考量上游供應商供應能量、材料保存限制及生產基地之技術限制與產能的限制,目標式為平均庫存最小之量化模型。並提出一個啟發式演算法,以處理彩色濾光片製造業之生產部門及採購部門間協調的問題。並以數值算例作演算法與最佳解之差異分析比較,驗證解法之可行性。
The material cost accounts 60% of the total cost in the TFT-LCD (Thin Film Transistor-Liquid Crystal Display) industry. The material of Color Filter (CF), which is a critical component of TFT-LCD and regarded as a very high share of the material cost, possesses the attributes of various set-up periods and expiration periods. Together with the oligopoly situation in the market of the critical components, the production of TFT-LCD is limited by its material supply. Therefore production planning and material requirement planning are seriously emphasized. Thereby this research targets the manufacture of CF and discusses its material requirement planning.
Taking the mid-term orientation of a manufacture planning department, this research establishes the constraints that consider the up-stream supplier capacity, the material expiration, factory technology and productivity, and the objective function that examines minimum average inventory. It also proposes a heuristic algorithm to tackle the coordination problems between the manufacture department and the purchase department in the CF industry. Finally, the numeric examples are applied to contrast the outcomes of the algorithm and the optimized solution, so that the verification of the algorithm is able to derive.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝辭 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景與動機 1
1-2 研究目的 2
1-3 研究方法與範圍限制 3
1-4 論文結構 3
第二章 產業現況與運籌管理 5
2-1 TFT-LCD產業概述 5
2-2 彩色濾光片製造簡介 9
2-3 彩色濾光片製造業的運籌管理議題 11
2-4 文獻回顧 13
2-4-1製造資源規劃 13
2-4-2 主營運規劃 15
2-4-3 物料需求規劃 16
第三章 解決方案 22
3-1 基本模式 22
3-1-1 背景說明 22
3-1-2 模型說明 23
3-1-3方案適用情況 26
3-2 啟發式演算法解法構想 27
3-2-1解決方案構想 27
3-2-2 啟發法構想 27
3-3 解法流程 28
第四章 數值算例 36
4-1 算例一 36
4-2 解題流程說明 38
4-3 算例二 52
4-4 結果分析 54
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 63
5-1 結論 63
5-2 未來研究方向 64
參考文獻 65
附錄一 68
附錄二 74
附錄三 85
附錄四 89
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