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研究生:曾英惠
研究生(外文):Ying-Hui Tseng
論文名稱:台灣北部淡水紅樹林林分及小苗特色之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Stand Structure and Characteristic of Seedlings at the Mangrove Forest of Tamshui in northern Taiwan
指導教授:林登秋林登秋引用關係
指導教授(外文):Teng-Chiu LIn
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:地理學系
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:淡水紅樹林林分結構小苗葉面積指數林下光照
外文關鍵詞:Tamshui river mangrove nature reservestand structureseedlingsleaf area index (LAI)understory light environment
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本研究於淡水紅樹林內設置三個樣區,調查紅樹林林分結構,包括立木密度、樹高、胸高直徑以及小苗密度與高度。另以植冠分析儀測得樣區內各樣線的葉面積指數,全年共測五次,從而比較淡水紅樹林葉面積指數的季節變動;並利用半球面影像技術分析紅樹林林下光照環境,與小苗密度、生長進行比較。結果顯示,淡水紅樹林研究區內立木密度為1.18棵/m2,平均樹高5 m,平均胸徑6.3 cm,小苗密度為38.3 株/m2,若與全球各地紅樹林相比,可發現本區立木密度較低緯地區高,而胸徑、樹高較小,其小苗分布有往上游密度較大的現象,研究期間全區小苗平均減少59%。本區葉面積指數的季節性以為夏3.06(7月)、秋3.06(10月)較高,冬3.01(1月)、春2.59(4月)較低,季節性的變動並不明顯。淡水紅樹林之林下光照以秋季(10月)最高,夏季(7月)最低。冬、春(1、4月)兩季由於受到水筆仔結果的影響,胎生苗懸掛於樹上,造成遮蔽效應,林下光照與枝葉茂盛的7月相似。五次測量間林下光照的時空差異並不明顯,可知淡水紅樹林的林下光照較為均質。經過分析,小苗生長與林下光照關係並不顯著,可能與淡水紅樹林位於紅樹林生長之北界,林冠較低矮,且為單層結構,故林下光照較高,可能易達到小苗生長的最適光量。
We set up three plots at Tamshui mangrove forest, and investigated the stand structure including measuring stem density, tree height, the diameter at the breast height, and seedlings density and height. We also measure leaf area index (LAI) for each transect within the three plots five times using Plant Canopy Analyzer to examine the temporal and spatial pattern of leaf area index. We also measured understory light environment using hemispherical photography. The result show that tree density was 1.18 trees/m2, mean tree height was 500 cm, mean diameter at the breast height was 6.3 cm, and seedling density was 38.3 seedlings/m2. There seemed to be a trend of higher densities toward upstream plot. Seedling density decrease 59% throughout the study period. LAI was higher in summer (3.06) and fall (3.06) and lower in winter (3.01) and spring (2.59). The seasonal difference was rather minor. Both direct and indirect site factors (DSF and ISF) were highest in fall, and lowest in summer. Light availability in the winter and spring cloud be adversely affected by the growth and therefore shielding of propagules causing the understory light to be similar to that in the summer. There was no obvious spatial and temporal difference in light availability suggesting that understory light was homogeneous at Tamshui mangrove forest. The relationship between the seedling density and understory light was not significant. The Tamshui mangrove forest is located in relatively high latitude near the northern boundary of mangrove distribution. This probably contributed to the low stature of the forest. Furthermore, the mangrove canopy at Tamshui had only one canopy layer. This should also contributed to the high the understory light environment which likely exceeded the requirement of seedling establishment.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目 錄 iv
圖 次 v
表 次 vi

第一章 研究背景與目的 1
第一節 紅樹林概述 1
第二節 林分結構 2
第三節 林冠變動的監測 4
第四節 森林更新 7
第五節 台灣紅樹林研究的回顧 10
第六節 研究目的 12

第二章 研究材料與方法 13
第一節 研究區概述 13
第二節 研究方法 16

第三章 結果與討論 23
第一節 林分結構 23
第二節 小苗生長 28
第三節 林冠變動 33
第四節 林下光照 38

第四章 結論 44

第五章 研究限制與建議 46

參考文獻 47
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