(3.230.173.249) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/04/21 03:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:游麗臻
研究生(外文):Li-chen Yu
論文名稱:阿道斯.赫胥黎《針鋒相對》之複調研究
論文名稱(外文):Polyphony in Aldous Huxley's Point Counter Point: A Bakhtinian Reading
指導教授:陳梅英陳梅英引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-ying Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:巴赫汀複調小說雙聲話語擬直接話語赫胥黎針鋒相對
外文關鍵詞:Mikhail Bakhtinthe polyphonic noveldouble-voiced discoursequasi-direct discourseAldous HuxleyPoint Counter Point
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:219
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文旨在以米凱爾・巴赫汀的複調小說觀點探討阿道斯・赫胥黎的小說《針鋒相對》。本論文主要分為六章節。
第一章節引言中簡介小說《針鋒相對》的特色、並略述過去有關《針鋒相對》之研究、本論文研究方法、動機、以及各章節簡介。
第二章節介紹巴赫汀對話論及複調小說概念,共分為三小節。首先介紹巴赫汀對話論之根基、其不同於結構主義語言觀的語言概念,緊接著巴赫汀深受俄國形式主義影響、卻又不同於其的小說及小說話語之概念,最後則是巴赫汀之複調小說概念。依據巴赫汀之想法,欲檢視小說的複調特質,可從三方面來檢視其對話關係的呈現,包括角色建構及作者與角色之全新關係、思想(idea)的特殊地位、及論述(discourse)的本質。
第三章節以巴赫汀觀點探討小說《針鋒相對》的角色建構及作者與角色之關係呈現。第四章節檢視思想(idea)在此小說裡的特殊地位,包括思想及其呈現者(carrier)的不可分割性、以及思想的對話性。第五章節探討《針鋒相對》裡的話語呈現,著重於展露作者和角色對話關係的雙聲語(double-voiced discourse)分析。藉由上述三方面檢視《針鋒相對》之複調特質,終章結論是《針鋒相對》可視為一複調小說。此探討有助於重新評估赫胥黎在《針鋒相對》裡對於思想(idea)的特殊安排、以及藉由小說話語所展現的多元觀點。同時,因為以往多數評論家對《針鋒相對》持負評、也連帶質疑赫胥黎身為本世紀重要小說家之一的地位,本論文的發現也有期於再肯定赫胥黎身為小說家之貢獻。
This thesis intends to reconsider Aldous Huxley’s 1928 novel Point Counter Point in terms of Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin’s notions of polyphonic novels. The thesis is divided into six chapters.
The first chapter generally introduces the special features of Point Counter Point, reviews the previous studies of the novel, and briefly describes the methodology, the motivation of the present study, and each chapter of the thesis.
Chapter Two is an elaboration of Bakhtin’s dialogism and notions of polyphonic novels. It contains three sections. The first section introduces Bakhtin’s fundamental concept of language as the basis of his dialogism. The second section is an elaboration of Bakhtin’s notions of the novel and the novelistic discourse. The third section is about Bakhtin’s notions of polyphony. According to Bakhtin, the polyphonic features of a novel can be examined in the dialogic relation in three aspects: characterization and the position of the author with regard to the character, the position of the idea, and the nature of the discourse.
The third chapter analyzes the characterization and the position of the author with regard to the character in Point Counter Point. The fourth chapter examines the special position of idea in Point Counter Point, including the inseparability of the idea and its carrier as well as the dialogic nature of the ideas. The fifth chapter investigates the discourse in Point Counter Point, focusing on the double-voiced discourse in Point Counter Point, in which the dialogic relationship between author and characters is revealed. The final chapter concludes that judging by the features discovered in the characterization, ideas, and discourse in Point Counter Point, the novel can be regarded as a polyphonic novel.
This discovery of the thesis helps to reevaluate Huxley’s arrangements of the idea in characterization and in plot construction as well as the multiplicity of viewpoints represented in the novelistic discourses. It may also helps to reaffirm Huxley’s right to be placed among the major novelists of the century, which has been questioned by some critics who held negative views of the special features in Point Counter Point.
Table of Contents
Chinese Abstract i
English Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iv
Table of Contents v

Chapter One: Introduction 1
Ⅰ. Critical Reviews 3
Ⅱ. A Bakhtinian Response to the Critical Reviews 10
Ⅲ. Motivation 14
Ⅳ. Methodology 15
Ⅴ. Structure of the Thesis 16

Chapter Two: Bakhtin’s Dialogism and His Notions of the Polyphonic Novel 19
Ⅰ. Bakhtin’s Dialogic Conception of Language 20
Ⅱ. Bakhtin’s Idea of the Novel 23
Ⅲ. Bakhtin’s Conception of the Polyphonic Novel 30

Chapter Three: Characterization, and the Position of the Author with Regard to the Characters, in Point Counter Point 43
Ⅰ. Huxley’s Principle for Visualizing and Constructing the Novel 44
Ⅱ. Character’s Consciousness Represented in Quasi-direct Discourse 48
Ⅲ. Characterization 57

Chapter Four: The Position of the Idea in Point Counter Point 88
Ⅰ. The Inseparability between Characters’ Ideas and Their Personalities: Men in Point Counter Point are Born of the Idea 88
Ⅱ. The Dialogic Nature of the Idea 96

Chapter Five: The Nature of the Discourse in Point Counter Point 123

Chapter Six: Conclusion 138

Works Cited 143
Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Orlando: Harcourt Brace UP, 1999.
Atkins, John. Aldous Huxley. New York: Orion, 1967.
---. “Point Counter Point and the Uncongenital Novelist”. Studies in the Literary Imagination 13 (1980): 69-80.
Allen, Walter. “Point Counter Point Revisited”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 373-77.
---. Tradition and Dream. London: Phoenix House, 1964.
Ask Oxford. Com: Oxford Dictionaries. 2006. Oxford UP. 7 August 2006. < http://www.askoxford.com/?view=uk>.
Baker, Robert S. The Dark Historic Page: Social Satire and Historicism in the Novels of Aldous Huxley, 1921-1937. Madison: Wisconsin UP, 1982.
---. “Spandrell’s ‘Lydian Heaven’: Moral Masochism and the Centrality of Spandrell in Huxley’s Point Counter Point”. Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 16 (1974): 120-135.
Bakhtin, M. M. Art and Answerability. Ed. Michael Holquist and Vadim Liapunov. Austin: Texas UP, 1990.
---. The Dialogic Imagination. Ed. Michael Holquist. Trans. Carl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: Texas UP, 1981.
---, and Pavel N. Medvedev. The Formal Method in Literary Scholarship: A Critical Introduction to Sociological Poetics. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1978.
---. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays. Ed. Carl Emerson and Michael Holquist. Austin: Texas UP, 1986.
---. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. Caryl Emerson, ed. Minnesota: Minnesota UP, 1984.
Banfield, Ann. Unspeakable Sentences: Narration and Representation in the Language of Fiction. Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.
Barry, Peter. Beginning Theroy: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theroy. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1995.
Bennett, Arnold. “Arnold Bennett on Point Counter Point”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Donald Watt. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Birnbaum, Milton. Aldous Huxley’s Quest for Values. Knoxville: Tennessee UP, 1971.
---. “Politics and Character in Point Counter Point”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 468-88.
Booth, Wayne. Introduction. Problem of Dostoevsky’s Poetics. By Mikhail Bakhtin. Trans. Caryl Emerson. Minnesota: Minnesota UP, 1984. Ⅹiii-ⅩⅩⅤii.
Bowering, Peter. Aldous Huxley: A Study of the Major Novels. New York: Oxford UP, 1969.
Canby, Henry Seigel. “Henry Seidel Canby, Review in Saturday Review of Literature”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Donald Watt, ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Cohn, Dorrit. Transparent Minds: Narrative Modes for Presenting Consciousness in Fiction. New Jersey: Princeton UP, 1978.
Coles Publishing. Point Counter Point: Notes. London: Coles, 1967.
Collins, A. S. English Literature of the Twentieth Century. [Eng.]: n.p., n.d.
Connolly, Cyril. “Review in New Statesman (1928)”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Donald Watt. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Daiches, David. The Novel and the Modern World. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1939.
Danow, David K. The Thought of Bakhtin: From Word to Culture. New York: St. Martin’s UP, 1991.
Dentith, Simon. Bakhtinian Thought: An Introductory Reader. London: Routledge, 1995.
Ferns, C. S. Aldous Huxley: Novelist. London: Athlone, 1980.
Firchow, Peter. “Mental Music: Huxley’s Point Counter Point and Mann’s Magic Mountain as Novels of Ideas”. Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley. Jerome Meckier, ed. New York: Simon & Schuster Macmillan, 1996.
---. Aldous Huxley: Satirist and Novelist. Minneapolis: Minnesota UP, 1972.
Fludernik, Monika. The Fictions of Language and the Languages of Fiction: The Linguistic Representation of Speech and Consciousness. London: Routledge, 1993.
Frierson, W. C. The English Novel in Transition. Oklahoma: Oklahoma UP, 1942.
Ghose, Sisirkumar. Aldous Huxley: A Cynical Salvationist. New York: Asia Pub. House, 1962.
Green, Carlanda. “Huxley’s Cosmic Dandy”. Dalhousie Review 62 (1982): 303-314.
Hoffman, Frederick J. “Aldous Huxley and the Novel of Ideas”. Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays. Ed. Robert E. Kuehn. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1974.
Holquist, Michael. “Answering as Authoring: Mikhail Bakhtin’s Trans-Linguistics.” Bakhtin: Essays and Dialogues on His Work. Ed. Gary Saul Morson. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1986. 59-71.
---. Dialogism: Bakhtin and His World. London: Routledge, 2002.
Huxley, Aldous. Point Counter Point. New York: Modern Library, 1928.
Jay, Yetta Horn, ed. A Critical Commentary: Point Counter Point. New York: American R. D. M. Corporation.
Kronenberger, Louis. “Louis Kronenberger, Review in NYTBR”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Donald Watt, ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Krutch, Joseph Wood. “Joseph Wood Krutch, Two Reviews”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Donald Watt, ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Kuehn, Robert E. Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1974.
Lawrence, D. H. Phoenix: The Posthumous Papers of D. H. Lawrence. New York: Viking, 1936.
---. Phoenix Ⅱ: Uncollected, Unpublished and Other Prose Works by D. H. Lawrence. Ed. Warren Roberts and Harry T. Moore. London: Heinemann, 1968.
Lin, Li-chun. Existentialist Thought and the Theme of Self-Quest in Three Novels of D. H. Lawrence. M. A.: National Changhua University of Education, 1997.
Lodge, David. After Bakhtin: Essays on Fiction and Criticism. Routledge: London, 1990.
Lovett, Robert Morss. “Robert Morss Lovett, review in New Republic (1928)”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Ed. Donald Watt. New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Marovitz, Sanford. E. “Aldous Huxley’s Intellectual Zoo”. Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays. Robert E. Kuehn, ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1974.
May, Keith. “Accepting the Universe: The “Rampion-Hypothesis” in Point Counter Point and Island”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 418-428.
McCall, Raymond G. “Huxley’s Point Counter Point.” Explicator 42 (1983): 49-51.
Meckier, Jerome. “Aldous Huxley and the Congenital Novel: New Ideas about the Novel of Ideas”. Southern Review: Literary and Interdisciplinary Essays 13 (1980): 203-21.
---. Aldous Huxley: Satire and Structure. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1969.
---. “Fifty Years of Counterpoint”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 367-72.
---. “Philip Quarles’s Passage to India: Jesting Pilate, Point Counter Point, and Bloomsbury”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 445-67.
Millett, Fred. B. Contemporary British Literature. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1921.
Morson, Gary Saul. “Dialogue, Monologue, and the Social: A Reply to Ken Hirschkop”. Bakhtin: Essays and Dialogues on His Work. Ed. Gary Saul Morson. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1986. 81-88.
Morton, Peter R. “Huxley’s Point Counter Point”. Explicator 37 (1979): 10-11.
Pascal, Roy. The Dual Voice. Free Indirect Speech and its Functioning in the nineteenth Century European Novel. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1977.
Patterson, David. Literature and Spirit: Essays on Bakhtin and His Contemporaries. Kentucky: Kentucky UP, 1988.
---. “Mikhail Bakhtin and the Dialogical Dimensions of the Novel.” Journal of Aesthetics & Art Criticism 44 (1985): 131-39.
Peck, John, and Martin Coyle. Literary Terms and Criticism. Macmillan: London, 1984.
Petkova, Sonya. “Mikhail Bakhtin: A Justification of Literature.” Stanford’s Student Journal of Russian, East European, and Eurasian Studies 1 (2005): 1-12.
Ramamurty, K. Bhaskara. Aldous Huxley: A Study of his Novels. New York: Asia Pub. House, 1974.
Quina, James. “The Mathematical-Physical Universe: A Basis for Multiplicity and the Quest for unity in Point Counter Point”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 428-444.
Rolo, Charles J. The World of Aldous Huxley: An Omnibus of His Fiction and Non-Fiction over Three Decades. New York: Harper&Bros., 1947.
Roston, Murray. “The Technique of Counterpoint”. Critical Essays on Aldous Huxley. Ed. Jerome Meckier. New York: G. K. Hall, 1996.
Stewart, Susan. “Shouts on the Street: Bakhtin’s Anti-Lingusitics.” Bakhtin: Essays and Dialogues on His Work. Ed. Gary Saul Morson. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1986. 41-57.
Steele, Meili. “Challenges to Hermeneutics.” Critical Confrontation: Literary Theories in Dialogue. Columbia: South California UP, 1997.
Todorov, Tzvetan. Mikhail Bakhtin: The Dialogic Principle. Trans. Wlad Godzich. Minnesota: Minnesota UP, 1998.
Voloshinov, V. N. Freudianism: A Marxist Crittique. Trans. I. R. Titunik. New York: Academic P, 1976.
---. Marxism and the Philosophy of Language. Trans. Ladislav Matejka and I. R. Titunik. New York: Academic P, 1986.
Watt, Donald J. “The Criminal-Victim Pattern in Huxley’s Point Counter Point”. Studies in the Novel 2 (1970): 42-51.
Watts, Harold H. Aldous Huxley. New York: Twayne, 1969.
---. “The Viability of Point Counter Point”. Studies in the Novel 9 (1977): 406-17.
Wilder, Amos N. “Amos N. Wilder, Review in Outlook and Independent”. Aldous Huxley: The Critical Heritage. Donald Watt, ed. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975.
Woodcock, George. Dawn and the Darkest Hour: A Study of Aldous Huxley. New York: Viking Press, 1969.
Wyndham, Francis. “The Teacher Emerges: Point Counter Point, Eyeless in Gaza, Mortal Coils”. Aldous Huxley: A Collection of Critical Essays. Robert E. Kuehn, ed. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1974.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
1. 李斐瑩(1999)。〈觀眾研究與二十一世紀博物館〉。《美育》,第109期,頁 24-25。
2. 林平(2005)。藝術展覽的價值和空間的關係。博物館學季刊,19(1),29-37。
3. 李靜芳(2003)。〈一種場域,多種心情─談博物館空間的教育性〉。《教師天地》。台北:臺北市教師研習中心,第124期,頁40-51。
4. 吳國淳(2001)。博物館學習研究之方法論探討,博物館學季刊,15(2),39-47頁。
5. 王維梅(1989)。〈博物館能為幼兒做些什麼?〉。《博物館學季刊》,卷4期3,頁70。台中:國立自然科學博物館。
6. 林慧嫻(2001)。一個適合兒童的互動展示─洛杉磯郡立美術館的「加州現製」展,博物館學季刊,15(4),71-78頁。
7. 施明發(2001)。建構主義學習理論對於博物館教育的啟示,博物館學季刊,15(2),25-38頁。
8. 張美珍。〈兒童專屬的學習遊樂場:印地安那波里斯兒童博物館〉。《科技博物》。(1998年2卷4期):108-113。
9. 張譽騰(2002)。當e世代科技遇上古典音樂─維也納音樂博物館掠影,博物館學季刊,16(2),27-33頁。
10. 許功明、劉幸真(1997)。博物館參觀經驗之比較--省美館與科博館為例。博物館學季刊,12(3),3-34。
11. 曾媚珍(1989)。美感經驗的實踐--審美之窗.美術館。美育,119期,頁17-24。
12. 黃才郎(1999)。〈高雄市立美術館資源教室案例探討〉。《藝術家》,1999年6月。
13. 廖敦如(2001)。美術館兒童教育活動之型態與實務分析。美育,119,頁5-16。
14. 廖敦如(2003)。社區取向藝術教育—博物館與學校合作之統整課程設計。美育雙月刊,135,35-41。
15. 趙瞬珠。〈沒有摩天輪,沒有教鞭的兒童樂園:談布魯克林兒童博物館教育部門的活動設計及人員運用〉。《博物館學季刊》(1990年4卷3期):47-51。
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔