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研究生:黃文宏
研究生(外文):Wen-hung Huang
論文名稱:6-OHDA引起大鼠膀胱及前列腺發炎之效應和機制研究
論文名稱(外文):Effect and mechanism of 6-OHDA induced inflammation in rat urinary bladder and prostate
指導教授:黃宏圖黃宏圖引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Hung-Tu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:生物科學系研究所
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:6-OHDA膀胱前列腺發炎反應血漿滲漏
外文關鍵詞:plasma leakage6-OHDAinflammatory responseprostateurinary bladder
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本篇論文中我們利用Long Evans品系之大鼠研究6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)引發膀胱以及前列腺發炎,並探討其中之機轉。我們利用兩種方法來評估發炎反應所引起之血漿滲漏: 第一,我們利用India ink標示滲漏血管來統計膀胱壁滲漏血管密度;第二,我們利用Evans blue dye滯留在組織中之含量來表示膀胱壁以及前列腺血漿滲漏程度。在膀胱整體封裝標本,觀察被India ink標示滲漏血管密度顯示,對照組、6-OHDA 5mg/kg、6-OHDA 10mg/kg各會造成之滲漏血管密度為5.65±1.72 % (N=6), 22.63±3.12 % (N=6), 35.02±2.25 % (N=6)。利用Evans blue dye滯留在組織中之含量來表示膀胱壁以及前列腺血漿滲漏程度,6-OHDA 5mg/kg會造成膀胱壁中Evans blue dye 80.53±60.74 ng/mg滯留,而前列腺48.81±2.83 ng/mg滯留。 6-OHDA 10mg/kg會造成膀胱壁中Evans blue dye 157.73±4.45 ng/mg滯留,而前列腺65.52±4.25 ng/mg滯留。對照組相對只有少量Evans blue dye滯留,膀胱壁中Evans blue dye 18.82±3.74 ng/mg,而前列腺 18.50±2.47 ng/mg。實驗結果證明6-OHDA確實會引起膀胱以及前列腺發炎。並且隨著6-OHDA劑量增加,膀胱以及前列腺血漿滲漏程度亦會增加。我們利用自由基清除劑dimethylthiourea幾乎可以完全抑制6-OHDA之發炎反應,然而tachykinin類 (NK1 receptor)接受器拮抗劑L-732,138卻只是中等程度抑制6-OHDA之發炎反應。我們也利用掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察膀胱壁橫切面中的血管腔以及前列腺腺體內腔,掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察中發現:6-OHDA會引起膀胱壁橫切面中的血管腔內皮細胞間隙(gap junction)打開並且前列腺腺體內腔分泌顆粒增多。本篇研究結論: 6-OHDA確實會造成膀胱以及前列腺血漿滲漏。其中6-OHDA所產生之自由基是引發血漿滲漏的關鍵因子,另外tachykinin在其中扮演次要的角色。
The mechanisms underlying the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced inflammatory response in the urinary bladder and prostate in anaesthetized male rats of Long- Evan strain were investigated. The magnitude of inflammatory responses were evaluated by morphometric analysis of the area density of India ink-labeled blood vessels in urinary bladder whole mounts and spectrophotometric analysis of Evans blue dye contents in urinary bladder and prostate. Moreover, scanning electron microscopy was employed to observe the venular endothelium in the urinary bladder wall and glandular epithelium in the prostate gland. Fifteen minutes after local application of 6-OHDA to the urinary bladder, 6-OHDA induced an increase of plasma leakage in a dose-dependent manner. It was revealed that area densities of India ink-labeled blood vessels in the rat urinary bladder whole mount were 5.65±1.72 % (N=6), 22.63±3.12 % (N=6), and 35.02±2.25 % (N=6) respectively, following a local injection of vehicle, 5 mg/kg 6-OHDA, and 10 mg/kg 6-OHDA. Using Evans blue dye as a tracer for spectrophotometric analysis, the results were similar. The Evans blue dye content was 80.53±60.74 ng/mg in the urinary bladder and 48.81±2.83 ng/mg in the prostate following injection of 5 mg/kg 6-OHDA (N=6). The Evans blue dye content was 157.73±4.45 ng/mg in the bladder and 65.52±4.25 ng/mg in the prostate following injection of 10 mg/kg 6-OHDA (N=6). Evans blue dye contents in the vehicle group (N=6) were much lower, 18.82±3.74 ng/mg in the urinary bladder and 18.50±2.47 ng/mg in the prostate, which were significantly smaller than the 6-OHDA treated group. Interestingly, the inflammatory responses were completely abolished by pretreating alone with dimethylthiourea (DMTU), a hydroxyl radical scavenger, and were moderately attenuated by pretreatment with L-732,138, a NK1 receptor antagonist. Under scanning electron microscope observation, 6-OHDA caused endothelial gaps formation in the venules of urinary bladder wall and triggered the release of secretory granules in the prostate gland cells. We concluded that 6-OHDA could induce inflammation in the urinary bladder and prostate gland involving free radical and tachykinin mechanisms.
中文摘要------------------------------------------------------------4
ABSTRACT--------------------------------------------------------6
INTRODUCTION-------------------------------------------------8
MATERIALS AND METHODS--------------------------------12
RESULTS-----------------------------------------------------------18
DISCUSSION------------------------------------------------------23
REFERENCES-----------------------------------------------------29
FIGURES------------------------------------------------------------37
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