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研究生:郭懷舜
研究生(外文):Hui-shun Kuo
論文名稱:「威爾斯學派」之批判安全研究
論文名稱(外文):“The Welsh School” of Critical Security Studies
指導教授:黃競涓黃競涓引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hwang, Ching-Chane
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:政治學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:解放國家主義威爾斯學派批判安全研究安全共同體
外文關鍵詞:communityThe Welsh Schoolcritical security studies(CSS)securityemancipationstatism
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自1980初期開始,有鑑於國際環境面臨的巨大轉變,許多國際關係理論的學者開始反省過去半世紀以來,由英美、國家中心、軍國主義、陽性特質、實證主義之方法論與現實主義的哲學思維相互作用下而產生的主流安全概念;「威爾斯學派之批判安全研究」即為其中之重要安全途徑。威爾斯學派主要承襲了法蘭克福學派之批判意涵、認識論的立場與解放的傳統,並將其帶入安全研究的次學門中。由於威爾斯學派將研究焦點分為「安全」、「解放」與「共同體」三面向,因而本文目的將羅列並檢討其主要內涵。
首先,威爾斯學派批判安全研究為安全概念進行「深化」,意即解構國家主義,並將安全指涉對象回歸於個人面向;進而以此概念「擴展」安全議程,藉此處理全球化下的諸多傳統與非傳統議題。此外,威爾斯學派更強調理論落實到實踐面向的重要性,希望以此安全視角達到「解放政治」的目標;藉由解放之共同體的建構,有助於人類脫離壓迫的不平等安全狀態,以期為人類創造一充滿人性與自由平等的政治環境。
儘管當代的國際制度與安全環境仍以國家為主要的安全主體,亦無法真正地落實威爾斯學派之解放意涵;然而對於處於發展初期的批判安全研究而言,其首要之務在於提供一個批判與反省的安全視角,並為人類尋求更為全面與符合人類整體利益的安全思維。
Since the initial stages of 1980s, the global world faced the huge shift. Many security scholars try to challenge and review the mainstream security studies that derived from a combination of Anglo-American, statist, militarized, masculinized, methodologically positivist, and philosophically realist thinking. “The Welsh School” of Critical Security Studies is one of the most important approach. The Welsh School thinks about security as developing in the light of the Frankfurt School, and brings the tradition of “critical”, “epistemology position”, and “emancipation” to the security studies. The Welsh School separate the core of critical security studies(CSS) into three concepts: security, emancipation, and community, therefore, this study try to explain and review these concepts.
Firstly, CSS tried to “deepen” the concepts of “security”, deconstruct statism and bring the referent to individual, and then “broaden” the agenda of security to discuss the traditional and non-traditional issues in the globalization world. Secondly, CSS emphasize the relationship of theory and practice, and expect to achieve their goal-“emancipatory politics”. Via the construction of emancipatory community, people could released from contingent and structural oppressions, and create a free and equal environment.
Despite the states still the major referent in international institution and security environment, and the main concept of The Welsh School still not practice in contemporary politics, but the first task of CSS is to bring a revision of the world, and then create a comprehensive and humanity security thinking.
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………5
第三節 文獻回顧………………………………………………..14
第四節 研究方法………………………………………………..15
第五節 章節安排………………………………………………..16
第二章 威爾斯學派安全研究之理論淵源及其與廣義批判安全之區別……………………………………………………………..17
第一節 批判安全研究的理論淵源-法蘭克福學派…………..18
第二節 法蘭克福學派與批判安全研究之關聯-理論的延續..23
第三節 威爾斯學派批判安全與廣義批判安全研究之差異…..29
第三章 威爾斯學派批判安全研究「安全概念」之深化與擴展…..35
第一節 反思安全概念之必要性暨方法………………………..36
第二節 威爾斯學派批判安全研究深化之內涵………………..41
第三節 批判安全研究擴展之內涵-安全議程的設定………..47
第四章 威爾斯學派批判安全研究之最終目標-解放的共同體…..55
第一節 威爾斯學派安全研究之解放概念……………………..56
第二節 威爾斯學派之解放的共同體…………………………..64
第三節 對批判安全研究藍圖的反省與期許…………………..73
第五章 威爾斯學派與主流安全研究之對話………………………..77
第一節 延伸安全概念之辯論……………………………..........78
第二節 對政治關聯性與政治實踐力之辯論…………………..89
第三節 對解放一詞之爭論……………………………………..94
第六章 結論…………………………………………………………..97
第一節 研究發現………………………………………………..97
第二節 期許與省思……………………………………………101
參考文獻………………………………………………………………105
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