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研究生:林怜岑
研究生(外文):Ling-tsen Lin
論文名稱:影響績效之知識管理要素
論文名稱(外文):Understanding knowledge management and corporate performance: A test of an integrated model
指導教授:朱斌妤朱斌妤引用關係
指導教授(外文):Pin-Yu Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:公共事務管理研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:知識管理績效組織績效知識管理活動知識管理關鍵成功因素
外文關鍵詞:knowledge managementknowledge management performanceKnowledge management activityorganization performancecritical success factor
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:283
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
知識經濟時代的來臨,改變了組織運作的模式,傳統的勞工階層已無法創造下一波台灣經濟奇蹟,專業、創新的知識取代了龐大勞力的地位,知識的重要性使得知識管理(Knowledge Management)的概念在全球發燒十餘年,眾多企業前後加入知識管理的行列,並同時期望藉由知識管理增加利潤營收與顧客滿意。

本研究以組織績效為標的,採用兼具財務績效與營運績效指標的平衡計分卡,歸納產、學界所提出的知識管理關鍵成功因素、知識活動與知識管理績效等知識管理相關要素,試圖藉由此一研究模型找出影響績效的知識管理要素。有別於傳統平衡計分卡,本研究以公開財務資料取代受訪公司主觀回答,並對中華徵信社整理台灣2005年度5000大企業中的1215家上市櫃公司企業,全數進行問卷發放。

回收234家樣本中,有176家企業表示「有」推動知識管理,52%的推動年限在1~3年,而推動知識管理與否在組織績效表現上具顯著性差異,故本研究另將有推動知識管理之企業提出討論。各知識管理要素中以知識管理績效對組織營運績效的影響最為明顯,而知識儲存、分享與創造活動對知識管理績效皆有顯著性影響,配合相關調查數據,本研究提出數項具體建議,供後續學者與業界參考。
Knowledge management, a broad collection of organizational practices related to generating, capturing, disseminating know-how and promoting knowledge sharing within an organization, and with the outside world, has become a critical determinant of competitiveness for the private sector in many countries. Knowledge management programs have been increasingly implemented in various enterprises all over the world. Many research dimensions in knowledge management, including phenomena of enablers and barriers, action of practices and strategies, level of individual and culture, knowledge of identification and valorization, technology of hard systems and soft systems, outcome of costs and benefits, etc, have been explored. Although a wide variety of factors have been identified as influencing knowledge management performance, little is known about the relative influence of each of these factors on corporate performance.
In this paper, we adopt concepts of balance score card and develop an integrative model to understand better how these factors combine to affect knowledge management performance and corporate performance as well. Our model is examined from a survey of top 5,000 enterprises in Taiwan. Our survey questionnaire is developed by the amalgamation of available literature on knowledge management, particularly related to (1) comments on concepts and structure of three knowledge capabilities, i.e., knowledge identifying & capturing, knowledge sharing, and knowledge creating; (2) critical success factors of knowledge management, and (3) performance evaluation of knowledge management. Our study also gather the corresponding financial data of surveyed enterprises from Taiwan market observation post system.
Our research results offer insight into the determinants of knowledge management and corporate performance. We have identified a number of specific factors that influence this matter. Furthermore, we have been able to examine the relative influence of the various factors identified as important determinants of knowledge management performance in literature. Furthermore, it provides decision makers with specific advice on ways to improve corporate performance via knowledge management. Thus, it appears that the integrated knowledge management and corporate performance model has significant potential for supporting both research and practice in this area.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………...…………….1
1.1 知識經濟的時代…………………………………………………...1
1.2 知識管理發展趨勢 ……………………………………………..... 2
1.3 知識管理績效 …………………………………………………. ... 3
1.4 研究目的……………………………………………………...........4
1.5 研究流程………………………………………………........……...5
第二章 文獻探討…………………………………………………….6
2.1知識與知識管理……………………………………………............6
2.1.1知識的定義…………………………………………..……...6
2.1.2知識的種類…………………………………………….........7
2.1.3知識管理……………………………………………….........9
2.2知識管理關鍵成功因素…………………………………..............12
2.2.1 知識管理模式…………………………………………......12
2.2.2 知識管理關鍵因素………………………………………..18
2.3 知識管理相關活動…………………………………..……….. …19
2.3.1 知識儲存活動………………………………………….… 20
2.3.2 知識分享…………………………………………………. 21
2.3.3 知識創造…………………………………………………..23
2.4知識管理績效評估……………………………………….……….24
2.5組織績效評估…………………………………………….……….27
2.5.1 組織績效……………………………………………….… 27
2.5.2 平衡計分卡…………………………………………….….28
2.6知識管理關鍵成功因素與知識管理活動之關係 ……….……...30
2.7知識管理活動、知識管理績效與組織績效間之關係 ….……...32
2.7.1知識管理活動、知識管理績效與組織績效間關係之實證研究
………………………………………………………….…...32
2.7.2 知識管理活動提昇組織績效之個案…………………… 33
第三章 研究方法與設計…………………………………………….35
3.1 研究架構 …………………………………………………………35
3.2 研究假設 …………………………………………………………37
3.3 問卷設計 …………………………………………………………39
3.3.1 知識管理關鍵成功因素….………………………….……39
3.3.2 知識管理活動….…………………………………….……40
3.3.3 知識管理績效….……………………………………..…...40
3.3.4 組織績效….………………………………………….……41
3.3.5 公司基本資料….…………………………………….……42
3.4 研究對象 …………………………………………………….…...43
3.5 資料分析方法 ……………………………………………….…...44
第四章 研究結果與分析……………………………………………47
4.1 回收情形與基本資料….…………………………………………47
4.1.1 問卷回收情形….……………………………………….…47
4.1.2 公司基本資料….……………………………………….…48
4.1.3公司推動知識管理的情形 ………………………………50
4.2 敘述統計分析…………………………………………………… 52
4.2.1 知識管理關鍵成功因素…………………………………..52
4.2.2 知識管理活動….……………………………………….…53
4.2.3 知識管理績效….……………………………………….…54
4.2.4 組織績效….…………………………………………….…55
4.2.4.1 組織績效之獨立樣本t檢定 …………………………57
4.3 結構性模型檢定分析….…………………………………………58
4.3.1 所有受測公司結構模型檢定….………………………….58
4.3.2 有推動知識管理公司結構模型檢定 ……………………63
第五章 分析與討論………………………………………………..68
5.1 知識管理環境與推動現況 ……………………………………68
5.2 知識管理要件….……………………………………………..…69
5.3 知識管理活動….……………………………………………..…71
5.4 知識管理成效….……………………………………………..…72
5.5 有利知識管理發展之重要因素….………………………………73
5.6 影響績效之知識管理要素….……………………………………74
第六章 結論與建議 ………………………………………………..76
6.1 研究結論…………………………………………………..…….. 76
6.2 研究建議 …………………………………………………………79
6.3 後續研究建議 ……………………………………………………80
參考文獻…………..………………………………………………..83
附錄…………………..……………………………………………..91


























表目錄
表2-1 知識的兩種形式…………………………………………………8
表2-2 各學者對知識管理之定義……………………………………..10
表2-3 各學者對知識管理活動的分類………………………………..11
表2-4 知識管理模式內容整理表……………………………………..17
表2-5 相關學者對知識管理關鍵成功因素之整理………………..…20
表2-6 知識管理績效衡量指標分類表………………………………..25
表2-7 知識績效類型之建構…………………………………………..27
表2-8 各學者提出組織績效指標表………………………………..…27
表3-1 變數之操作型定義……………………………………………..36
表3-2 知識管理關鍵成功因素問項…………………………………..39
表3-3 知識管理活動問項……………………………………………..40
表3-4 知識管理績效問項…………………………………………..…41
表3-5 組織營運績效指標問項…………………………………….….42
表3-6 抽樣架構樣本分布情形………………………………….…….43
表3-7 PLS與LISREL的比較表……………………………….…….45
表4-1 問卷回收情形……………………………………………….….47
表4-2 受訪者服務單位………………………………………………..47
表4-3 公司基本資料敘述統計………………………………………..49
表4-4 基本資料分佈情形……………………………………………..51
表4-5 知識管理關鍵成功因素條件敘述統計結果…………………..52
表4-6 知識管理活動敘述統計結果…………………………………..53
表4-7 知識管理績效敘述統計結果…………………………………..54
表4-8 營運績效指標敘述統計結果…………………………………..55
表4-9 財務績效敘述統計結果 …………………………....……..56
表4-10 受訪樣本分群績效敘述統計………………………………......57
表4-11 所有受訪公司之權重與t值表………………………………...58
表4-12 所有受訪公司路徑係數表……………………………………..60
表4-13 所有公司t-value表………………………………………..…...62
表4-14 所有公司假設實證結果整理表……………………………......62
表4-15 有推動知識管理公司之路徑係數表…………………………..64
表4-16 有推動知識管理公司之t-value………………………………..66
表4-17 有推動知識管理公司之假設實證結果整理表………………..66






























圖目錄
圖1-1 研究流程圖………………………………………………………5
圖2-1 個人知識與組織知識關係示意圖………………………………9
圖2-2 Leavitt的鑽石模式……………………………………………..12
圖2-3 Leonard-Barton知識管理模式…………………………………13
圖2-4 Earl的學習型組織知識管理模式……………………………...14
圖2-5 Spek & Spijkerve的知識運作管理模式……………………….14
圖2-6 Ellen的知識要素模式圖……………………………………….15
圖2-7 Arthur Andersen的知識管理促動因素模式 …………………..16
圖2-8 知識管理成功模型……………………………………………..17
圖2-9 知識管理重要元素架構圖……………………………………..22
圖2-10 知識轉換與創造模式…………………………………………..24
圖2-11 平衡計分卡四構面圖…………………………………………..30
圖3-1 研究架構圖………………………………………………….….35
圖4-1 所有公司路徑係數圖…………………………………….…….61
圖4-2 有推動知識管理公司路徑係數圖………………….………….65
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