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研究生:鄭翔徽
研究生(外文):Hsiang-hui Cheng
論文名稱:外國專業人員移民我國策略選擇之研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of selective strategies for foreign professional migration in Taiwan
指導教授:汪明生汪明生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ming-shen Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:公共事務管理研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:公共行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:156
中文關鍵詞:決策與判斷社會判斷理論專業人員移民政策
外文關鍵詞:Social Judgment Theory (SJT)decision and judgmentimmigration policyprofessionals
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隨著全球化與知識經濟來臨,物流、金流、人流亦快速流動,加上就業結構急遽變化,專業人才已為各國競相所爭。而我國當前面臨移民政策不明確、少子化以及移入人口不均衡之問題,加上原有產業已逐漸轉型為高度知識密集產業,如何有效吸引外國專業人員移入,提供產業所需與提昇我國人口素質,實為當務之急。
本研究以「公共事務管理整合參考架構」分析我國當前引進外國專業人員之關鍵與問題點。以社會判斷理論(Social Judgment Theory, SJT)為研究方法,透過國內外文獻整理,以「移民法規開放」、「適合創新環境」、「移入國國際化」、「稅賦優惠」等影響專業人員移民之四項因素為決策參考變數(cues)。以本項課題之政策利害關係人為決策群體,進行問卷調查。本研究之決策群體包含:台北市、高雄市與中央政府官員、台北市與高雄市在地選民、台北市與高雄市居留外僑,藉以瞭解各決策群體對決策參考變數之認知是否有認知差異,並得出下列研究結果:
一、就各群體之判斷權重平均值而言,「稅賦優惠」最受重視,次為「移入國國際化」、「適合創新環境」,最後為「移民法規開放」。
二、就判斷函數而言,各決策群體對於「移民法規」、「適合創新環境」、「移入國國際化」與「稅賦優惠」均持「正相關」看法,亦即「移民法規開放」、「適合創新環境創」、「移入國之國際化」與「稅賦優惠」愈多愈好。
三、描述性問題部分,有55%的決策者不同意自己對目前外國專業人員之相關政策是瞭解的,其中有23%是政府官員;有97.6%決策者同意政治穩定與否會影響外國專業人員移民我國之意願。
四、單因子變異數分析方面,有下列結果:
(一)本研究所有決策體對「移民法規開放」與「適合創新環境」有顯著差異。
(二)台北市與高雄市之政府官員、在地選民與居留外僑三個決策群體間,對「移民法規開放」與「適合創新環境」有顯著差異。
五、判斷權重平均值t檢定方面,有下列結果:
(一)台北市與高雄市之決策群體間,對四項決策參考變數無顯著差異。
(二)中央政府官員與地方政府官員對「適合創新環境」與「移入國國際化」有顯著差異。
With the coming of globalization and knowledge of economy that may hence the flows of goods, finance, and people as well as the rapid changes of work force structures, many countries are starting to look for international professionals. In Taiwan, we are encountering unclear immigration policy, low birthrate, disproportionate new immigrants and industrial transformation. Therefore, it is vital to come up with an effective policy to attract foreign professionals to migrate into Taiwan for meeting the demand of industries and improve population quality.
Based on “Public Affairs Management Integrated Reference Framework,” this study analyzed the current difficulties and critical problems of Taiwan authority’s policy for foreign professionals. Through research and discussion from domestic and overseas references, it summarized four critical cues that may affect professionals’ migration. These cues are “the openness of immigration regulations,” “innovation of working environment,” “internationalization of society and culture” and “tax reduction.” With the research method of Social Judgment Theory, it treated policy stakeholders as its respondents including government staff in central government, Taipei City and Kaohsiung City and local citizens and foreign residents from Taipei City and Kaohsiung City to examine whether the disparate groups have different cognitions toward the four cues. The findings are as follows:
1. In the average weights, all groups pay the most attention to “tax reduction,” followed by “innovation of working environment,” “internationalization of society and culture” and “openness of immigration regulations.”
2. In the judgment functions, all groups have positive attitudes toward the four cues; this indicates that all groups considered the incentive of the four cues are “The more, the better.”
3. In the description questions, 55% respondents don’t agree that they realize the current foreign professionals’ policies. Among them, 23% are government staff. 97.6% respondents agree that the political stability affects the willingness of foreign professionals to migrate into Taiwan.
4. There are two statistical findings in one-way ANOVA:
(1) All groups have significant differences in “openness of immigration regulations” and “innovation of working environment.”
(2) There are significant differences in “openness of immigration regulations” and “innovation of working environment” among government staff, local citizens and foreign residents in Kaohsiung City and Taipei City
5. There are two statistical findings in t-test:
(1) It is insignificant in the four cues between the decision groups in Taipei City and Kaohsiung City.
(2) There are significant differences in “innovation of working environment,” “internationalization of society and culture” between central and local government staff.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 5
1.3 研究範圍 5
1.4 研究流程 6
1.5 預期成果 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
2.1 專業移民的定義與類型 9
2.2 國際移民遷徙理論—推拉理論 13
2.3 國際移民遷徙現況 14
2.4 我國專業人員移民現況 15
2.4.1. 我國專業人員統計分析 15
2.4.2. 外國專業人員之居留 15
2.4.3. 入出國及移民署之角色 21
2.5 主要國家專業移民申請制度 24
2.6 專業人員遷移理論 26
2.6.1. 專業人員遷移之影響 27
2.6.2. 影響國際專業人員流動關鍵因素 29
2.7 公共事務管理整合參考架構 35
2.7.1. 公共事務管理整合參考架構之應用 43
2.7.2. 以公共事務管理整合理論分析我國引進外國專業人員問題點 45
第三章 研究方法 50
3.1 決策與判斷理論 50
3.2 決策與判斷理論的整合 51
3.3 社會判斷理論 55
3.4 透鏡模式 55
3.4.1. 社會判斷分析的透鏡模式 57
3.4.2. 透鏡模式方程式 60
3.4.3. 社會判斷理論架構 62
3.4.4. 衡量方法 63
3.4.5. 社會判斷理論的應用 65
第四章 研究設計 67
4.1 研究架構 67
4.2 研究對象 68
4.3 研究假設 69
4.4 本研究決策參考變數之操作型定義 70
4.5 問卷設計 71
4.6 調查程序 72
4.7 函數圖形定義 73
第五章 研究結果與分析 75
5.1 人口與社經統計資料 75
5.1.1. 問卷回收與統計 75
5.1.2. 各受測群體基本資料描述統計 75
5.2 社會判斷理論問卷實證分析 82
5.2.1. 各決策參考變數判斷權重統計 82
5.3 各決策參考變數判斷函數圖形分析 85
5.3.1. 單因子變異數分析 88
5.3.2. t檢定 89
5.4 小結 90
第六章 結論與建議 91
6.1 研究結論 91
6.2 政策建議 93
6.3 研究限制與後續研究建議 99
參考文獻 100
附錄一、中文問卷 114
附錄二、英文問卷 125
附錄三、日文問卷 136
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