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研究生:黃心怡
研究生(外文):Huang, Hsin-I
論文名稱:出國旅客對旅遊相關感染疾病知識、態度與執行面之研究-以出國前夕面對旅遊者腹瀉為例
論文名稱(外文):Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Travel-Related Infectious Disease among Taiwanese International Travelers-A Preliminary Study of Traveler’s Diarrhea just before Departure
指導教授:李世代李世代引用關係
指導教授(外文):Professor, Shyh-Dye Lee,. M.D., M.P.H.
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立台北護理學院
系所名稱:旅遊健康研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:117
中文關鍵詞:旅遊者腹瀉知識態度執行面旅遊相關感染疾病KAP可及性樣本數研究法平均值相關性
外文關鍵詞:traveler’s diarrheaknowledgeattitudepracticetravel related diseaseknowledgebeforedesignsystemdataKAP
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究之目的在於調查台灣出國旅客對於旅遊者腹瀉相關知識、態度及執行面之現況,並分析不同旅客之人口學社會變項與旅遊內容變項對旅遊者腹瀉相關知識、態度及執行面之影響及相關性。
本研究採橫斷式調查研究法,利用自擬問卷以台灣出國人數依旅遊目的地之比例分配,進行分組決定抽樣配額,再以立意取樣方式抽樣,調查台灣桃園機場出國旅客對於旅遊者腹瀉之相關知識、態度以及執行面之現況。問卷採自填,發出問卷共480份,問卷回收剔除無效問卷後,得有效樣本數共391份(81.5%)。所得資料以百分比、平均值、標準差、t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關等統計方式進行分析。本研究獲致的結論如下:
1.出國旅客對旅遊目的地之風險,答對率31.5%。表示旅客對前往之國家發生旅遊者腹瀉之風險了解不足。
2.旅客在旅遊者腹瀉相關知識平均答對率約77%,在「旅遊者腹瀉預防之相關知識」答對率最高,「風險因素」答對率最低,有關旅遊可腹瀉之風險因素部分之知識稍嫌不足。
3.旅客於旅遊者腹瀉相關態度中,平均值為3.72分,表示旅客在旅遊者腹瀉相關態度整體偏向較積極正向。但「出國要注意食物是否為熟食,實在很不方便」以及「若需為預防腹瀉而無法放心大啖異國美食,會令我感到掃興」之選項,其態度則最為負面且消極。
4.在旅遊者腹瀉之執行面部分,平均得分為3.5~4.6分。而「症狀處理行為」及「避免飲用添加不明之冰塊飲料」選項中,平均得分最低,此部分之執行度較低。
5.研究對象對旅遊者腹瀉相關知識、態度與執行面之得分,因為背景變項不同而有顯著差異。教育程度與社經地位愈高,旅客在知識、態度以及執行面上得分愈佳;職業類別上較具有專業背景的旅客,無論在知識、態度上表現皆偏優良。旅客職業為「無技術性或非技術性工人」於知識、態度及執行面上得分皆偏低。旅客在出國前曾蒐集旅遊健康相關資訊者,在態度與執行面上表現皆較優良。利用網路資源蒐集旅遊健康(健康保健)相關資訊的旅客,在知識方面了解較充足。
根據本研究結果,提出以下建議:一、加強推廣旅遊者腹瀉之相關訊息;二、建議可加強多元訊息管道的可及性;三、透過旅行社及機場單位,利用傳單、手冊之方式傳遞相關訊息。
The aim of this study is to investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) of traveler diarrhea (TD) among Taiwanese international travelers who are going abroad. Moreover, several analytical approaches deriving from data workup toward knowledge, attitude and practice for the travelers will be conducted.
 The study was a cross-sectional design; the status of TD related KAP were investigated by self-developed questionnaire. According to the distribution of travel destination of Taiwanese international travelers, by Quota setting and followed by arbitrarily sampling method to complete the questionnaire at departure hall of major international airport in Taiwan. Questionnaire will be self-administered, and checked for completeness and validated by interviewer. Totally there were 480 samples, 391(81.5%) of which were valid. The answered questionnaires were collected and analyzed by SPSS software for windows version 14.0. The statistical methods implemented hereinafter including Frequency, Percentages, Mean, Standard Deviation, t-test, One-way ANOVA, Scheffe’s posterior comparisons, Trend analysis, Pearson’s correlation...etc. And the main results could be concluded as follows:
1. Only 31.5% of travelers could answer TD risk of their traveler destination correctly, obviously for the lack of knowledge of risk for their travel destination.
2. The average rate of correctness in TD related knowledge was 77%. Knowledge of TD related prevention be scored the highest, and the risk factor was on the contrary. Therefore, the knowledge of risk factor was insufficient.
3. The mean value of TD related attitude was 3.72. It showed the overall attitude of TD is positive. But the item of “it’s inconvenient to pay extra attention on food well-done or not” and “unable to have the delicious foreign food makes me disappointed” were scored more negative.
4. The average score of TD related practice were between 3.5-4.6. “Behavior of symptoms management” and “avoid the drink with unknown ice cube” both got a lowest score in practice.
 Traveler’s diarrhea related KAP will be affected by lots of traveler’s background related variables. Travelers with higher education and social economic status performed a better result in knowledge and attitude. Better KAP performing in travelers usually be linked with professional background. With a less technique or non-technique laborers performed lower score in TD related KAP. Travel responders had sought for travel health advice prior to departure would result in better attitude and practice scores. Travelers using internet to seek travel health related information got a better score in knowledge than other travelers.
Based on the results of this study, several folds of suggestions could be proposed. 1. Reinforce the TD related information system; 2. Reinforce accessibility of multiple channels for more travel health related information; 3. Use leaflet and brochure to diffuse related information, especially through travel agency or airport.
中文摘要----------------------------------------------------------------I
英文摘要---------------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ
誌謝-------------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
圖表索引----------------------------------------------------------------V
第壹章 緒論------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究背景-----------------------------------------------------1
第二節 研究動機-----------------------------------------------------2
第三節 研究目的-----------------------------------------------------4
第四節 研究問題-----------------------------------------------------4
第五節 研究流程-----------------------------------------------------5
第貳章 文獻回顧--------------------------------------------------------7
第一節 知識、態度及執行面之理論-------------------------------------7
第二節 旅遊相關感染疾病--------------------------------------------16
第三節 旅遊感染疾病相關的知識、態度與執行面之相關研究--------------20
第四節 旅遊者腹瀉概述----------------------------------------------22
第參章 研究方法------------------------------------------------------33
第一節 研究架構----------------------------------------------------33
第二節 研究假設----------------------------------------------------34
第三節 研究設計----------------------------------------------------35
第四節 研究對象----------------------------------------------------35
第五節 研究工具設計------------------------------------------------37
第六節 資料處理與分析方法------------------------------------------44
第肆章 研究結果------------------------------------------------------45
第一節 樣本背景資料------------------------------------------------45
第二節 研究對象對旅遊者腹瀉相關知識與背景變項的關係----------------53
第三節 研究對象旅遊者腹瀉相關態度與背景變項的關係------------------63
第四節 研究對象旅遊者腹瀉相關執行面與背景變項的關係----------------73
第五節 旅遊者腹瀉相關知識、態度與執行面之相互關係------------------83
第伍章 討論-----------------------------------------------------------84
第一節 旅客人口學社會變項方面--------------------------------------84
第二節 旅遊內容變項方面--------------------------------------------86
第三節 知識、態度及執行面之關係------------------------------------87
第四節 後續之研究--------------------------------------------------89
第五節 研究限制----------------------------------------------------90
第陸章 研究結論與建議-------------------------------------------------91
第一節 結論--------------------------------------------------------91
第二節 建議--------------------------------------------------------94
參考文獻---------------------------------------------------------------95
中文部分------------------------------------------------------------95
英文部分------------------------------------------------------------97
附  錄 -------------------------------------------------------------103
授權書----------------------------------------------------------------117
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