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研究生:蔡岳宏
研究生(外文):Yuen-hung Tsai
論文名稱:交互教學法對特定型語言障礙兒童閱讀理解能力及口語朗讀成效之探討
論文名稱(外文):The Effectiveness of Reciprocal Teaching on Students with Specific Language Impairment in Reading Comprehension and Oral reading fluency.
指導教授:楊憲明楊憲明引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang, H. M
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺南大學
系所名稱:特殊教育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:258
中文關鍵詞:口語流暢度閱讀理解特定型語言障礙兒童交互教學法
外文關鍵詞:reading comprehensionoral reading fluencyspecific language impairmentreciprocal teaching
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本研究目的旨在瞭解特定型語言障礙學生在接受交互教學法後對其在閱讀理解以及口語朗讀流暢度的表現,研究對象為三位國小三年級特定型語言障礙學生,以單一受試法之跨受試多基線設計來進行研究,研究工具包括「改編閱讀理解測驗」、「中文閱讀理解測驗」、口語朗讀流暢度計分、錄影記錄策略使用次數、社會效度訪談表四項,經研究資料收集並分析後,本研究之主要結果如下:
一、 交互教學法對於國小特定型語言障礙學生的閱讀理解能力具有教學成效以及保留成效
二、 交互教學法對於國小特定型語言障礙學生在「中文閱讀理解測驗」上前、後測的表現有所進步
三、 國小特定型語言障礙學生在交互教學法策略運用上主要採用澄清、提問和預測三個策略,最少使用摘要策略
四、 交互教學法對於國小特定型語言障礙學生在口語朗讀流暢度具有教學成效及保留
五、 國小特定型語言障礙學生其口語朗讀流暢度與閱讀理解能力呈現顯著相關。
六、 交互教學法其教學成果獲得國小特定型語言障礙學生及該班級導師的支持與認同
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of reciprocal teaching on students with specific language impairment in reading comprehension and oral reading fluency. The multiple baseline across-groups design of single-subject research was used in this study. Three third grade students with specific language impairment were chosen as research subjects. Tool adopted by this study were “Adaptation Reading Comprehension Test ”、“Chinese Reading Comprehension Test ”、Oral Reading Fluency Score Rule、opinion interview list and four strategies were also recorded by video during the proceeding of reciprocal teaching and analyzed. Result indicated that:
1. Reciprocal teaching could improve and maintained subjects reading comprehension ability.
2. There were improvements on subjects reading comprehension ability showen in Chinese Reading Comprehension Teas.
3. Among the four reading comprehension strategies, subjects tended to use clarifying 、questioning and predicting more often than summarizing.
4. Reciprocal teaching could improve and maintained subjects oral reading fluency ability.
5. Students with specific language impairment in Reading comprehension and oral reading fluency was significantly correlated.
6. Subjects and teachers confirmed that reciprocal teaching could improve reading comprehension and oral reading fluency ability.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題……………………………………6
第三節 名詞界定…………………………………………………8
第四節 研究限制…………………………………………………12
第二章 文獻探討……………………………………………14
第一節 閱讀理解及口語朗讀相關理論…………………………14
壹、 閱讀理解理論……………………………………………14
貳、 影響閱讀理解因素與閱讀理解策略……………………25
參、 口語流暢度與相關研究理論……………………………30
第二節 特定型語言障礙兒童與鑑定標準……………………………36
壹、 特定型語言障礙兒童特徵………………………………36
貳、 特定型語言障礙兒童鑑定原則…………………………39
參、 特定型語言障礙兒童語言學習所產生的問題…………43
第三節 交互教學法……………………………………………………46
壹、 交互教學的理論基礎………………………………………47
貳、 交互教學的模式……………………………………………50
參、 交互教學過程的重點………………………………………53
肆、 交互教學法與特定型語言障礙學生……………………61
第三章 研究方法……………………………………………64
第一節 研究設計與架構…………………………………………64
第二節 研究對象…………………………………………………71
第三節 研究工具…………………………………………………75
第四節 教學程序…………………………………………………88
第五節 研究流程…………………………………………………93
第六節 資料分析…………………………………………………98
第四章 結果與討論 ……………………………………………100
第一節 交互教學法對受試者閱讀理解能力教學成效及保留狀況………………………………………………………101
第二節 接受交互教學法前後在中文閱讀理解測驗表現……114
第三節 接受交互教學法過程所使用的四項策略情形………118
第四節 交互教學法對受試者口語朗讀流暢度表現成效……125
第五節 社會效度與綜合討論分析……………………………137
第五章 結論與建議………………………………………………147
第一節 結論……………………………………………………147
第二節 建議……………………………………………………150
參考文獻……………………………………………………………155
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