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研究生:黃禎貞
研究生(外文):Jen-Jen Huang
論文名稱:台灣與美國青少年心理健康泛文化比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A Cross-cultural Research of Mental Health for Youth in Taiwan and America
指導教授:林世華林世華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sieh-Hwa Lin
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:衛生教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:心理健康泛文化研究青少年
外文關鍵詞:mental healthcross-cultural researchyouth
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本研究希望透過比較國家、性別與年齡在青少年心理健康上的差異,以建立國內青少年心理健康研究與泛文化研究之基礎。以情緒症狀、問題行為、過動/注意力問題與同儕關係問題等四個心理健康指標,針對台灣教育長期追蹤資料庫與美國國家健康調查資料庫2001年的資料,透過單組設計與線性轉換等化資料並且採用多變項變異數分析進行α=.05的顯著水準考驗。由研究結果歸納如下:
台灣與美國青少年的心理健康有差異。情緒症狀台灣比美國嚴重,注意力與同儕關係問題美國比台灣嚴重,而且性別對台灣青少年心理健康(女生比男生差)的預測與國外相似,但是年齡(年長者比年輕者差)的預測與國外不同。
國內青少年心理健康在性別上的差異表現在情緒症狀、問題行為與同儕關係問題四個指標上。除了問題行為男生比女生嚴重,其餘的都是女生比男生嚴重。在年齡上的差異表現在情緒症狀、問題行為、過動/注意力問題與同儕關係問題四個指標上。除了過動/注意力問題年輕者比年長者嚴重,其餘的都是年長者比年輕者嚴重。
研究者針對研究結果加以討論,並且提出建議以供未來研究與實務應用上之參考。
The purpose of this study was to build the foundations of the local and cross-cultural research of mental health for youth through comparisons of the country, gender and age. The indicators of mental health included emotional symptoms, conduct problem, hyperactivity and peer problem. Data were collected by the research projects of " Taiwan Education Panel Survey[TEPS] " and " America National Health Interview Survey[NHIS] " in 2001. The data between TEPS and NHIS were linked and equated with single-group design and linear transformation, and analyzed by using the MANOVA at α=.05 level of significance. The results of the study were as follows:
1. The mental health of youth between Taiwan and America was different. Taiwanese youths were better than American ones in hyperactivity and peer problem, but worse than American youths in emotional symptoms. The prediction of Taiwanese mental health through the gender difference (females were worse than males) was similar to the results founded in America, but the prediction of Taiwanese mental health through the age difference (seniors were worse than juniors) was different from the results founded in America.
2. In Taiwan, the youth mental health resulting from the gender difference was respectively demonstrated in emotional symptoms, conduct problem and peer problem, in which the females were worse than the males except conduct problem. The age difference was revealed in all indicators, and the seniors were worse than the juniors except in the indicator of hyperactivity.
The results of the study and applications of the program were discussed and the suggestions for future research were proposed.
001 第一章 緒論
001 第一節 研究動機
006 第二節 研究目的
006 第三節 研究問題
006 第四節 研究假設
007 第五節 名詞定義
009 第二章 文獻探討
010 第一節 心理健康的意涵
013 第二節 個人心理健康指標與測量工具
020 第三節 青少年心理健康相關研究
022 第四節 文化與心理健康
033 第五節 性別與心理健康
041 第三章 研究方法
041 第一節 研究架構
042 第二節 研究設計
048 第三節 研究對象
050 第四節 研究工具
058 第五節 資料處理與分析
061 第四章 研究結果
071 第五章 討論
079 第六章 結論、建議與限制
079 第一節 結論
079 第二節 建議
083 第三節 限制
085 參考文獻
085 中文部分
088 英文部分
099 附錄
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