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研究生:巫金翰
研究生(外文):Chin-Han Wu
論文名稱:利用耳石日周輪來研究臺灣東北部海域產花腹鯖的孵化日及初期成長
論文名稱(外文):Study on hatching dates and early growth of spotted mackerel (Scomber australasicus) in the northeastern waters off Taiwan by otolith daily growth increment
指導教授:王友慈李明安李明安引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Tzu WangMing-Anne Lee
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣海洋大學
系所名稱:環境生物與漁業科學學系
學門:農業科學學門
學類:漁業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:扁平石礫石日周輪花腹鯖孵化日初期成長
外文關鍵詞:sagittalapillusdaily growth incrementspotted mackerelhatching dateearly growth
相關次數:
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  • 下載下載:64
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為了解花腹鯖仔魚的孵化日及初期成長,本研究利用2005年3 ~ 5月間,在臺灣東北部海域設置的36個測站所採獲的花腹鯖仔稚魚,來進行其耳石日周輪之分析。研究期間,共使用102尾花腹鯖仔魚樣本,它們的體長範圍在2.8~9.1mm,其中以脊索末端上屈中期 ( Fl ) 仔魚為最多。每一尾仔魚左右兩側的sagitta ( 扁平石 ) 和lapillus ( 礫石 ) 均取出進行分析。結果發現,初孵化的仔魚之sagitta和lapillus大小十分接近,但由於成長速率不同,使得它們的大小隨著日齡增加,差距會越來越大。其次,以簡單線性迴歸分析來看耳石成長和魚體成長的相關性,發現sagitta成長和魚體高的成長之相關性較高,而lapillus則和魚體長較相關,且發育階段的成長變化支持這個結果。再次,仔魚在發育階段的後期,魚體和耳石的成長速率都是最快的。花腹鯖仔魚體長 ( mm ) 和日齡 ( day ) 的關係為SL =2.4 + 0.4 × Age。樣本的日齡範圍在2~14天之間,各發育階段日齡分別為:Pr期2~10天,Fl期4~14天,Po期10~13天。回推孵化日發現,花腹鯖產卵期在3、4月且各有一個產卵高峰期,並且有在新月前後產卵的傾向。
To clarify the hatching dates and the growth of early life stage of the spotted mackerel, daily growth increments in otolith of 102 larvae caught from 36 stations in the northeastern waters off Taiwan were analyzed. The standard length of the larvae ranged from 2.8 to 9.1 mm and most of them were at flexion stage. The sizes of sagittae and lapilli from the newly hatched larvae were similar. Sagittae were much bigger than lapilli at the late growth stage. The simple regression analysis indicated that the growth of sagittae was more related to body depth and lapilli related to body length. The growth rates of the larvae of spotted mackerel increased with development stage, which were postflexion > flexion > preflexion, suggesting that the growth rate appeared in the late larval stage. Daily age of the larvae ranged from 2 to 14 days and the growth curve at larval stage was SL = 2.4 + 0.4 × Age. Hatching date backcalculated from the daily age of the larvae indicated that the fish spawned in the new moon.
目錄 ………………………………………………………….....i
圖目錄 ………………………………………………………...iii
謝辭 ………………………………………………..…………...v
摘要 …………………………………………….……………...vi
英文摘要 …………….…………………………..………....vii
壹、前言 ……………………………………………..………...1
一、緣起 …………………………………………..………...1
二、初期生活史及危險期假說 …………………..………...1
三、耳石研究的重要性 …………………………..………...3
四、耳石日齡研究的發展史 ……………………..………...5
五、研究目的 ……......…..………………..…………...8
貳、材料與方法 …………………………………...…………..9
一、樣本來源 …………………………........…………...9
二、耳石樣本的製備 ……......................……...9
三、耳石的形態測量 …………………………............10
四、資料分析 …......……......…………............11
參、結果 ………………………………………...…………...13
一、體長分布以及發育階段 ……………………………....13
二、耳石的形態 ……………………............……....13
三、耳石的對稱性 …………..........................14
四、耳石間的成長差異 ………........................14
五、耳石成長和魚體成長之關係 …....................16
六、花腹鯖仔魚的日齡成長 …........................18
七、花腹鯖仔魚的日齡以及孵化日分布 ……............19
八、花腹鯖仔魚的空間分布 ……......................20
肆、討論 ……………………………………………..........21
一、耳石的形態 ………………….............….....…21
二、耳石的日周性 ………………..................……22
三、耳石成長以及魚體成長的關係 …………………..……23
四、不藕合現象 ( uncoupling ) ………….......………26
五、花腹鯖仔魚各發育階段的日齡 …..………......……26
六、花腹鯖仔魚的日齡成長 ……………........…………27
七、花腹鯖的產卵場分布以及仔魚的擴散模式 ……....…28
結論 .…………………………….........................30
參考文獻 ……………………………………..…............31
圖 ..................................................45
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