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研究生:江政翰
研究生(外文):Jeng-Han Jiang
論文名稱(外文):An Efficient Mechanism to Enhance Reliability for Multicast Tree Construction in Ad Hoc Networks
指導教授:陳永昇陳永昇引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yeong-Sheng Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北教育大學
系所名稱:資訊科學系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
外文關鍵詞:Mobile Ad Hoc NetworksMulticastMedium NodeBackup Path
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Networks technology is rapid growing, people could communication each other without infrastructure, immediately. With the enhancing in demand for various types of applications, efficient routing algorithms play an important role in ad hoc. The fulfillment of efficient multicast routing protocol has been a complex problem mainly due to the mobility. In MANET, a route with multiple hops is needed when two nodes they are out of radio propagation range determining to exchange messages may not be able to communicate directly. Therefore, a communication may result fail from a hop link broken among entire route. Existing MAODV is a routing protocol developed from AODV for building a multicast tree. Duo to mobility, satisfying tree-based topology and reactive policy, MAODV reconstructs multicast tree frequently.

In this paper, we introduced Medium Node to reduce the link recovery overhead without additional control cost and improve packet delivery ratio when a node lost its route to multicast. It purposes to enhance the reliability of link via a few additional controls cost. Simulation result demonstrate our proposed approach exhibits good throughput at low mobility and has the smallest control overhead which results in better end-to-end delay compared to other algorithm.
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Introduction of Wireless Networks
1.2 Characteristics of Mobile Ad Hoc Networks
1.3 Multicast
1.4 Motivation
1.5 Thesis Organization
Chapter 2 Related Works
2.1 Design Issue for Multicast in MANET
2.2 Classification of Multicast Routing Protocols
2.3 On-Demand Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP)
2.4 Multicast Ad-hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (MAODV)
2.5 Ad Hoc Multicast Routing Protocol (AMRoute)
Chapter 3 The Proposed Approach
3.1 Overview
3.2 AODV-BR
3.3 Definition and Data Structure
3.4 Protocol Description
3.5 Medium Node Discover
3.6 Selection of Robustness Path
3.7 Multicast tree maintenance
Chapter 4 Simulation experiments
4.1 Simulation model
4.2 Performance Metrics
4.3 Effect of Varying Speed
4.4 Effect of Varying Number of Nodes
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future Work
5.1 Conclusion
5.2 Future work
References
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[3]W.E. Poon, K.T. Lo, J. Feng, Adaptive batching scheme for multicast video-on-demand systems, IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, 2001, 47(1), pp. 66-70.

[4]K.I. Kim, S.H. Kim, A Novel Overlay Multicast Protocol in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks: Design and Evaluatio, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2005, 54(6), pp. 2094- 2101.

[5]C.W. Wu, Y.C. Tay, AMRIS: A Multicast Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks, Proceedings of MILCOM'99, 1999, pp. 25-29.

[6]C. Gui, P. Mohapatra, Efficient Overlay Multicast for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks, Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2003, pp. 1118 – 1123.

[7]H. Dhillon, H.Q. Ngo, CQMP: a mesh-based multicast routing protocol with consolidated query packets, Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2005, pp. 2168-2174.

[8]J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, E.L. Madruga, The core-assisted mesh protocol, Selected Areas in Communications, 1999, 17(8), pp. 1380-1394.

[9]E. Bommaiah, M. Liu, A. McAuley, and R. Talpade, AMRoute: Ad hoc Multicast Routing Protocol, IETF manet, draft-talpademanet-amroute-00.txt, Aug. 1998.

[10]H. Moustafa, H. Labiod, P. Godlewski, A reactive random graph (RRG) model for multicast routing in MANETs, GLOBECOM, 2005.

[11]S. Lee, Y. Yu, S. Nelakuditi, Z.L. Zhang, C.N. Chuah , Proactive vs reactive approaches to failure resilient routing, INFOCOM 2004, 2004, pp.186.

[12]C. Guo, Z. Guo, Q. Zhang, W. Zhu, A seamless and proactive end-to-end mobility solution for roaming across heterogeneous wireless networks, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 2004, 22(5), pp. 834- 848.

[13]R. Jansen, S. Hanemann, B. Freisleben, Proactive Distance-vector Multipath Routing for Wireless Ad Hoc Networks, Communication Systems and Networks, 2003.

[14]On-Demand Multicast Routing Protocol (ODMRP) for Ad Hoc Networks Sung-Ju Lee, William Su, Mario Gerla, University of California, Los Angeles, January 2000.

[15]E.M. Royer, C.E. Perkins, Multicast Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (MAODV), Routing, IETF Internet Draft, 2000.

[16]S.J. Lee, M. Gerla, AODV-BR: Backup Routing, in Ad hoc Networks, Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, 2000, pp. 1311-1316.

[17]C.M. Perkins, E.M. Royer, Ad Hoc on Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing, IETF Internet Draft, 2000.

[18]Y.S. Chen, T.S. Chen, C.J. Huang, SOM: Spiral-Fat-Tree-Based On-Demand Multicast Protocol, in a Wireless Ad-Hoc Network, Computer Communications, 2002, 25(17), pp. 1684-1695.

[19]Thomas Kunz, and Ed Cheng, “Multicasting in Ad-Hoc Networks: Comparing MAODV and ODMRP,“ Proceedings of the Workshop on Ad hoc, Communications, Bonn, Germany, Sep. 2001.

[20]Gavin Holland, and Nitin Vaidya, “Analysis of TCP Performance over Mobile Ad Hoc Networks -- Part II: Simulation Details and Results,” Technical Report: TR99-005, Texas A & M University, College Station, TX, 1999.

[21]Vijay Devarapalli, and Deepinder Sidhu, “MZR: A multicast Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Helsinki, Finland, June 2001.

[22]Multicast, Available from Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicast

[23]Network Simulator Software – QualNet, http://www.scalable-networks.com/

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[25]R. A. Meyer, “PARSEC User Manual Release 1.1,” UCLA Parallel Computing Laboratory, 1998.

[26]Yeong Sheng Chen, and Hsiao Ta Li, “An Efficient Approach to Multicast Routing with Backup Paths in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks,” Department Computer Science of National Taipei University Of Education, 2006.

[27]Ravindra Vaishampayan, and J.J. Garcia-Luna-Aceves, “Efficient and Robust Multicast Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks,” Department of Computer Engineering University of California Santa Cruz, Mobile Ad-hoc and Sensor Systems, 2004 IEEE International Conference, 2004.
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