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研究生:林宜穎
研究生(外文):LIN, YI-YING
論文名稱:休閒活動對在學青少年生活滿意度之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Impacts of Leisure Activities on the Well-Being of Adolescents in Schools
指導教授:張文俊張文俊引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG, WEN-CHUN
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:財政學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:休閒活動在學青少年生活滿意度
外文關鍵詞:leisure activitywell-beingadolescent in school
相關次數:
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現今社會下,青少年面臨生活滿意度降低之問題,而透過休閒活動為解決此問題的方法之ㄧ。因此本研究以個體經濟學之效用最大化模型為理論依據,實證上利用ordered probit 模型與probit 模型,以分析休閒活動對在學青少年的整體之生活滿意度及各方面生活滿意度的影響。資料來源為「青少年狀況調查報告」,研究對象為12~24歲在學青少年。

實証結果顯示,才藝文藝、戶外運動、可創造社會資本之休閒活動種類,除透過休閒活動本身益處,亦可透過累積人力資本(human capital)或社會資本(social capital),進而提高整體生活滿意度。然而,因台灣地區在學青年課業壓力較大且從事公益服務性休閒活動類型的人數較少,其所創造的社會乘數(social multiplier)較小,故此類休閒活動種類對在學青少年的整體生活滿意度不如預期有顯著正面影響。另外,在學青少年時間稟賦固定下,若休閒時間過多,相對地投入於課業的時間較少,因此由教育所累積的人力資本減少,反而造成整體生活滿意度降低。

休閒活動種類與時間對不同教育階段的在學青少年整體生活滿意度有不同影響。一般而言,高中(職)學生因所面臨課業壓力大,從事休閒活動的機會成本較高,故若投入休閒時間過多,對整體生活滿意度為負向影響,且大部分時間於室內讀書或上課,因此從事戶外運動類型休閒活動對其整體生活滿意度有明顯正面影響。國中以下和大學(專)以上學生,因接觸文藝才藝類型的休閒活動的資訊較頻繁,能引發對此類休閒活動的興趣,故從事才藝文藝類型休閒活動明顯提高其整體生活滿意度。

休閒活動對「學校課業」及「交友方面」各別方面的生活滿意度皆無統計上顯著性。其中,休閒活動類型不如預期對交友方面之生活滿意度產生影響,可能原因為資料本身限制,例如:無法得知交友定義、一同參與休閒活動對象、其他影響交友的重要因素、長期性的縱橫資料(panel data)。
This study is based on the theoretical basis of utility maximization model to empirically analyze the impacts of leisure activities on the general and individual domains of well-being for adolescents in schools from the age of 12 to the age 24 years old.

From the results of ordered probit and probit estimations, the findings of this study show that the artistic, outdoor sports, and other leisure activities that create social capitals can improve general well-being. However, due to the higher academic pressure of Taiwanese students and the lower participation rate of charitable activities, these types of leisure activities do not have significant impacts on general well-being. In addition, given a fixed amount of time endowment, too much time spent in leisure activities, it is likely for the teenagers to suffer a loss in general well-being because of the relatively less time that can be spent on school work to accumulate human capital.

Leisure activities have different influences on the well-being of adolescents in different stages of education stages. In General, because of facing a higher level of academic pressure, the opportunity cost of engaging in leisure activities for high school students is higher. Thus, it is found that there is a strong negative impact on general well-being when more than 15 hours are spent on leisure activities. Moreover, since most of their time is spent on indoor activities such as reading or schooling, engaging in outdoor sports activities has a significantly positive impact on the general well-being of high school students. With less academic pressure and more opportunities of contacting with the information about artistic activities than high school students, engaging in artistic activities leads to a higher level of general well-being for students in junior high schools, universities, and graduate schools.

However, it is found that participation in leisure activities has no significant relationship with the well-being in the aspects of school work and making friends. One possible explanation for this result is that there is a very low proportion of the respondents reporting dissatisfactory levels of well-being in the aspects of school work and making friends such that there are not enough variations to generate the results with statistical significances.
目 錄

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機與目的 1
第二節 研究方法 6
第三節 研究架構 7
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 休閒活動的益處 8
第二節 生活滿意度 11
第三節 休閒時間的配置 14
第四節 小結 15
第三章 理論模型 16
第四章 實證分析 20
第一節 資料來源與說明 21
第二節 實證模型與設定 25
第三節 敘述統計 29
第四節 實證結果 32
第五章 結論與建議 48
第一節 結論 48
第二節 建議 51
第三節 未來研究方向 52
參考文獻 54
中文部份 54
英文部分 54
中文部份:

行政院主計處、青年輔導委員會合編 (2002),「青少年狀況調查報告」,行政院主計處、青年輔導委員會
巫雅菁 (2001),「大學生幸福感之研究」,國立高雄師範大學輔導研究所碩士論文
林芝怡 (2005),「國中生人格特質、休閒活動與幸福感之相關研究」,國立高雄師範大學教育學系碩士論文
行政院經濟建設委員會網站 http://www.cepd.gov.tw/index.jsp
行政院衛生署網站 http://www.doh.gov.tw/statistic/index.htm

英文部分:

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Frey, B.S. and Stutzer, A. (2005). “Happiness Research: State and Prospects,” Review of Social Economy 63(2): 207-228.
Fitzgerald, M., Joseph, A.P., Hayes, M. and O'regan, M.(1995). “Leisure Activities of Adolescent Schoolchildren,” Journal of Adolescence 18: 349-358.
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Winniford, J.C., Carpenter, D.S. and Grider, C. (1997). “Motivations of College Student Volunteers: A Review,” NASPA 34(2): 134-146.
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