跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.205.192.201) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/05 09:20
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:萬力實
研究生(外文):WAN,LI-SHIH
論文名稱:比較利益與本國長期產出:新開放總體模型之應用
論文名稱(外文):A NEW OPEN MACROECONOMICS MODEL WITH COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
指導教授:方振瑞方振瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):FANG,CHEN-RAY
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:新開放總體經濟模型國產品國產業生產力效果變數比較利益外國總要素生產力(TFP)本國長期產出
外文關鍵詞:New Open Macroeconomics Modelcomparative advantageforeign TFPlong-run domestic ouput
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:163
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
鑒於台灣與大陸經貿密切,台灣長期產出或受大陸總要素生產力(TFP)改變之影響。本文結合Obstfeld與Rogoff(1995)之新開放總體經濟模型和Dornbusch、Fischer與Samuelson(1977)之比較利益模型,在新開放總體經濟模型架構下內生化決定產品分界財(cut-off good),探討外國TFP改善時對本國及外國相關變數之長期影響。
本文研究結果顯示,外國TFP改善時,外國產品成本降低,因此外國部分邊際產業相對本國具比較利益而獲得生產,本國產業則相對失去比較利益而萎縮,產品分界財於長期下向左移動,因此對本國經濟變數產生長期影響。綜言之,將比較利益機制設入新開放總體經濟模型架構顯示,外國TFP改善時對本國長期產出不利影響,此與古典學派長期本國產出只受其自身變數影響之推論結果不同。
外國TFP改變影響本國長期總體經濟變數之原因則可分為直接效果與間接效果。前者為外國TFP改善使本國喪失比較利益之影響;後者為外國長期產出增加對本國需求之影響。
The paper aims to propose a theoretical model to investigate whether or not domestic output is affected by an improvement in foreign total factor productivity in the long run, even if international mobility in labor and capital are restricted. Specifically, we incorporate the comparative advantage mechanism developed by Dornbusch, Fischer and Samuelson (1977) in the so-called “New Open Macroeconomics Model”. From the viewpoint of theoretical literature, our model can be treated as an addition to the literature in the sense that it is the first work to relate the two widely-used models in trade and international economics liter- ature. From the viewpoint of practical use, our model can be applied to investigate whether or not the long-run output in Taiwan is affected by an improvement in total factor productivity (hereafter, TFP) of China. This practical issue is important because the close interaction between Taiwanese economy and the emerging China.

Our model indicates that an improvement in foreign TFP lowers costs
of the foreign firms, which in turn render the comparative advantage for the marginal industries. The cut-off good is thus changed and the long-run domestic output is thus affected by an improvement in foreign TFP. Besides the direct effect of an improvement in foreign TFP on the productive costs of the foreign firms affects domestic output through the change of comparative advantage, there is also an indirect channel that affects domestic output in the long run. In specific, an increase in foreign output originated from an improvement in foreign TFP pushes up demand for domestic output. The ultimate effect of an improvement in foreign TFP on domestic output depends upon the relative size of the above two competing forces. Our model shows that the former force dominates the latter, indicating that an improvement in foreign TFP has a negative impact on long-run domestic output. Our results contrast sharply to the con- ventional wisdom of the classical economists that the long-run domestic output is determined purely by domestic factors.
第一章 緒論………………………………………………………………………-1-
第一節 研究動機與目的……………………………………………………-1-
第二節 研究方法與研究架構………………………………………………-2-
第三節 本文架構……………………………………………………………-3-
第二章 文獻回顧…………………………………………………………………-4-
第三章 理論模型..………………………………………………………………-9-
第一節 模型建立……………………………………………………………-9-
壹、家計單位 …………………………………………………………-10-
貳、預算限制式 ………………………………………………………-14-
參、代表性個人最適問題之最適條件 ………………………………-15-
肆、獨占性競爭廠商 …………………………………………………-16-
伍、比較利益 …………………………………………………………-17-
陸、國際收支帳 ………………………………………………………-19-
柒、世界均衡 …………………………………………………………-19-
第二節 均衡解的求導過程 ………………………………………………-20-
壹、穩定狀態 …………………………………………………………-20-
貳、對數線性化 ………………………………………………………-23-
參、長期均衡解 ………………………………………………………-26-
第四章 結論與展望 ……………………………………………………………-38-
參考文獻 …………………………………………………………………………-41-
數學附錄 …………………………………………………………………………-44-
A1、兩階段預算法 …………………………………………………………-44-
A2、廠商最適產品定價 ……………………………………………………-45-
A3、以本幣計價之本國的國際收支帳 ……………………………………-46-
A4、最適貨幣選擇做對數線性化之求解過程 ……………………………-47-
A5、比較利益條件式做對數線性化的求解過程 …………………………-48-
A6、本幣計價之本國國際收支帳做對數線性化的求解過程………………-48-
A7、五條方程式聯立求解過程 ……………………………………………-49-
方振瑞與王銘正(2003),「中國大陸興起對台灣產業結構與失業率之衝擊:兼論兩岸直航的影響」,working paper。

Betts, C. and Devereux, M. B. (1996),“The Exchange Rate in a Model of Pricing to Market,”European Economic Review, 40, pp. 1007-1021.

Bickerdike, J. S. (1920),“The Instability of Foreign Exhange,”Economic Journal 30, pp. 118-122.

Calvo, G. A. (1983),“Staggered Prices In a Utility-Maximizing Framework,”Journal of Monetary Economics, 12(3), pp. 383-398.

Corsetti, G. and Pesenti, P. (2001a),“Welfare and Macroeconomic Interdependence,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116, pp. 421-446.

Chu, H. L. (2005),“Welfare and Public Policy: The Role of Internationalized Production,”Economic Inquiry, 43(3), pp. 542-557.

Dixit, A. and Stiglitz, J. E. (1997),“Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity,”American Economics Review, 67(3), pp. 297-308.


Dornbusch, R. (1976),“Expectations and Exchange Rate Dynamics,”Journal of political Economy, 84, pp. 1161-1176.

Dornbusch, R., Fischer. S. and Samuelson, P. A. (1977),“Comparative Advantage, Trade, and Payment in a Ricardian Model with Continuum of Goods,”American Economic Review, 67(5), pp.823-839

Fender, J. and Yip, K. C. (2000),“Tariffs and Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux,”Journal of International Money and Finance, 19(5), pp. 633-655.

Fleming, J. M. (1962),“Domestic Financial Policies under Fixed and Floa- ting Exchange Rates,”IMF Staff Papers 9, pp. 369-379.

Gaisford, J. D. (1991),“Asymmetric Effects of Endowment Changes on Fore- ign Investment Source and Host Countries,”Canadian Journal of Economics, 24, pp. 940-957

Lane, P. R. (2001),“The New Open Economy Macroeconomics : A Survey,” Journal of International Economics, 54, pp. 235-266.

Mundell, R. A. (1963),“Capital Mobility and Stabilization Policy under Fixed and Flexible Exchange Rates,”Canadian Journal of Economics and political Science 29, pp. 475-485.


Obstfeld, M. and Rogoff, K. (1995),“Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux,”Jour- nal of Political Economy, 103(3), pp. 624-660.

Obstfeld, M. and Rogoff, K. (1998),“Risk and Exchange Rate,”Working Paper No. 6694, National Bureau of Economic Research.

Obstfeld, M. and Rogoff, K. (2000),“New Directions for Stochastic Open Economy Models,”Journal of International Economics, 50(1), pp. 117-153.

Razin, A. and L. E. O. Svensson. (1983),“Trade Taxes and the Current Account,” Economics Letters, 13, pp. 55-57.

Robinson, J. (1937),“The Foreign Exchange,”in her Essays in the Theory of Employment. Oxford: Blackwell.

Startz, R. (1989),“ Monopolistic Competition as a Foundation for Keynesian Macro-Economic models,”Quarterly Journal of Economics, 104, pp. 737-752.

Tille, C. (2001),“ The Role of Consumption Substitutability in the International Transmission of Shocks,”Journal of International Economics, 53, pp. 421-444.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top