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研究生:賴瑩瑩
研究生(外文):Lai,Ying-Ying
論文名稱:民眾資源回收行為之影響因子探討與評析
論文名稱(外文):Investigation on the factors influencing household recycling behavior
指導教授:錢玉蘭錢玉蘭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chien, Yu-Lan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北大學
系所名稱:自然資源與環境管理研究所在職專班
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:資源回收行為自我形象環境態度資源回收行為經濟理論模型
外文關鍵詞:household recycling behaviorself-imagethe attitude toward the environmentneoclassical economic model of household recyclin
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由國內外廢棄物管理現況及發展趨勢,推動資源回收工作已成為普遍共識,臺灣因面積狹小,天然資源極度缺乏,如何有效回收再利用廢棄物成為當務之急,以永續發展觀點,資源回收再利用可防止過度污染及為以後世代節省寶貴的資源。我國過去即存在市場機制運作的舊貨商回收體系,1988年以後政府以法令介入,並推動多項垃圾減量與資源回收制度及措施後,資源回收率已大幅成長達35.41%。惟由民調結果,部分民眾因不同因素而無法配合。
回顧國內外相關文獻,認為態度及道德責任等內在因素及社會規範、法令管制、知識、狀態方便性因素、經濟誘因等外在因素會影響民眾資源回收行為,心理及經濟學者並分別建立理論進行分析。故本研究目的為探討加入內在因素後,原以傳統經濟理論模型推導所得之垃圾管理行為分析結果是否會有所改變。
本論文建構家戶資源回收行為理論模型,在考量經濟報酬與社會形象下追求效用極大化,並將自我形象函數區分為一般家戶、對自我形象不在意及特異獨行等類型。結果顯示,若屬一般家戶,除經濟報酬外自我形象變數可增加回收量,惟若回收量太多自我形象受損反使回收量減少;加上環境態度變數,其分屬環境中非法傾倒行為增加環境認知變差(或變好)的類型,非法傾倒的垃圾量分別會增加(或減少)。若屬特異獨行者,在實際回收量分別大於(或小於)道德理想回收量時,自我形象變數分別會帶來正效益(或負效益);加上環境態度變數,屬非法傾倒行為增加環境認知變差類型,則非法傾倒垃圾量會減少。對自我形象不在意者,分析結果與傳統經濟理論模型相同。
Nowadays the waste management policy of many countries aims at creating a zero waste sustainable society. Taiwan is an island with dense population and limited natural resources. Thus, how to build up a sustainable society through minimizing waste generation has become a critical task for Taiwan EPA. Since 1988 the EPA has continued to adopt the extended producer responsibility policy and implement various waste reduction and recycling measures. Official statistics shows that the recycling rate reached 35.41% in 2006. However, according to the public surveys, some households express they still do not recycle at home.
This study was motivated to identify those factors that influence a household’s recycling behavior. In literature, various factors are discussed and classified into intrinsic or extrinsic factors, and researchers in economic and psychological fields have also proposed different models to explain a household’s recycling behavior. This study follows the tread of literature and extends the neoclassical economic model of household recycling by incorporating self-image as a factor. The rationale behind our model is that both economic incentives and sense of social responsibility should affect a household’s recycling behavior simultaneously.
In this study, we classify the household as three groups. In the first camp, households are indifferent of their self-images. They do recycling only for the sake of economic rewards, such as reducing disposal charges and avoiding illegal dumping fines. Their recycling behavior derived from our model is the same with those derived from the neoclassical economic model. In the second camp, households recycle with considering the trade off between recycling cost and their self-imagine. If recycling is costless, they prefer to equalize their recycle amount to the society ideal recycle amount. In the final camp, households care of their self-image but like to behave differently from others. They also do recycle with considering the trade off between recycling cost and self-imagine as those in the second camp, but their recycling amount is either bigger or smaller than the society’s ideal amount depends on their perception about recycling. If they perceive recycling as good deed, they will collect more than the ideal amount, and vice versa.
目   錄
第一章 緒 論 1
第一節 研究動機及目的 1
第二節 研究方法 4
第三節 研究流程與章節架構 5
第二章 國內外廢棄物管理現況及發展趨勢 7
第一節 國際上廢棄物管理現況及發展趨勢 8
一、 國際上廢棄物管理現況 8
二、 國際上廢棄物發展趨勢 11
第二節 國內廢棄物管理現況及發展趨勢 18
一、 管理現況 18
二、 零廢棄政策 19
三、 資源回收制度 22
四、 資源回收系統 24
五、 家戶資源回收措施 30
第三節 資源回收民意調查 35
第四節 本章小節 39
第三章 文獻回顧 40
第一節 家戶資源回收之成本效益 40
第二節 影響資源回收行為因素之探討 43
一、 人口統計變數 43
二、 內在因素 44
三、 外在因素 46
第三節 心理學方面理論分析 49
一、 計畫行為理論 49
二、 自我表達行為模型 51
第四節 經濟學方面理論分析 53
一、 新古典經濟理論 53
二、 非純粹利他主義模型 54
三、 排擠效應理論 55
四、 道德動機的經濟理論模型 57
第五節 本章小節 59
第四章 家戶資源回收行為之經濟理論模型 60
第一節 相關經濟理論模型文獻回顧 60
一、 垃圾管理政策經濟理論模型 60
二、 道德動機的經濟理論模型 61
第二節 經濟理論模型建構之說明 64
一、 模型特點 64
二、 模型建構之內容 65
三、 家戶資源回收行為影響模型的均衡條件與最適行為決策 69
第三節 自我形象模式設定 73
一、 自我形象函數的分析 73
二、 自我形象變數對回收量的影響 74
三、 自我形象及環境態度變數對合法丟棄及非法傾倒垃圾量之影響 78
第四節 本章小節 84
第五章 結論與建議 85
第一節 結論 85
第二節 研究限制及未來研究方向與建議 87
參考文獻 89
參考文獻
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網站資料:
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