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研究生:林宇森
研究生(外文):Yu-Sen Lin
論文名稱:轉角不連續結構之電氣特性分析與補償設計
論文名稱(外文):Electrical Characteristics of Bend Discontinuity andCompensation Design
指導教授:吳瑞北
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:電機工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:轉角延遲線共模雜訊
外文關鍵詞:BendDelay lineCommon mode noise
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:288
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
當資料傳輸速率到達數個十億位元的範圍以上,在印刷電路板上由於轉角所造成的不連續效應將不能再被忽略。本論文利用商用全波模擬軟體得到不連續結構處的Z 參數矩陣,且建立起單根轉角的T-型等效電路,並加以驗證無誤後,便可快速且準確地分析此一不連續結構在高速數位電路中對信號完整度所產生的影響。

由於差模信號具備有低雜訊產生及高共模雜訊抑制的能力,因此在具有數十億位元的數位產品上被廣泛地應用。而在高速數位電路設計上,常用以降低共模雜訊的差模轉角佈線結構,如背對背雙轉角,本論文將探討與分析其於時域下的信號完整度。而一種新穎的蜿蜒型延遲線將被提出,以強化信號完整度之設計需求。然而本篇論文最重要的貢獻是提供完整的蜿蜒型延遲線之設計流程,以期能
讓設計者有一完整的準則可以遵循並且可以設計出理想且實用的蜿蜒型延遲線。

最後,也透過模擬與實驗結果的一致性,驗證了轉角加上所提出之蜿蜒型延遲線的可行性。
As the data rates increase into the multi-gigabit range, the effect of bend discontinuities on printed circuit board becomes non-negligible. this paper utilizes the commercial electromagnetic field solver to extract Z-parameters of the bend discontinuities. With the T-type equivalent circuit being extracted and verified, the waveform along bent transmission line in a high-speed digital circuit is simulated to demonstrate the signal integrity effect of the single bend.

Because the differential signaling has the property of low noise generation and the high immunity to common-mode noise, it has become a popular option for multi-gigabit digital applications. The signal integrity analyses for bent differential transmission lines in a high-speed digital circuit are therefore performed in the time domain. One practical compensation scheme, the dual back-to-back bends, for the common-mode noise reduction are further investigated. To alleviate the common-mode noise at the receiver, a novel compensation scheme in use of the bump delay line is also proposed. However, the most important contribution in this thesis is to provide the complete flows of designing bump delay lines so that the designer could follow the steps of the proposed method to design a perfect and practical bump while both keeping good SI and using least layout space.

Finally, the comparison between the simulation and measured results validates the analysis approach of differential bends with the proposed bump delay lines.
第一章 簡介...............................................1
1-1 研究動機............................................. 1
1-2 文獻回顧............................................. 3
1-3 章節概要............................................. 4
1-4 成果貢獻............................................. 5

第二章 差模耦合微帶線.....................................6
2-1 傳輸線基本理論....................................... 6
2-2 耦合微帶線........................................... 9
2-3 混合模態S參數....................................... 14

第三章 單根轉角分析......................................19
3-1 問題描述與研究方向.................................. 19
3-2 單根轉角之等效電路模型建立.......................... 20
3-3 單根轉角不連續效應分析.............................. 27
3-4 最大電壓降與長度最佳化之理論分析.................... 30
3-5 模擬結果與估算法比較................................ 33
3-6 單根轉角實驗與模擬驗證.............................. 35

第四章 差模轉角引發之雜訊補償............................38
4-1 前言................................................ 38
4-2 測試結構與問題描述.................................. 39
4-3 蜿蜒型延遲線之阻抗控制.............................. 43
4-4 共模雜訊估算法與模擬驗證............................ 46
4-5 中線取法與修正路徑長之差異比較...................... 51
4-6 差模轉角之補償結構.................................. 52
4-6-1 背對背雙轉角結構之共模雜訊補償.................... 53
4-6-2 蜿蜒型延遲線之共模雜訊補償(擺放位置) ............. 55
4-6-3 相關補償結構比較(平板型補償電容) ................. 57
4-7 蜿蜒型延遲線之設計流程.............................. 59
4-8 差模轉角及蜿蜒型延遲線實驗.......................... 60
4-8-1 實驗環境設定...................................... 60
4-8-2 實驗與模擬驗證.................................... 63
第五章 結論..............................................68
參考文獻.................................................69
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