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研究生:巴托娜仁.查森索羅夢
研究生(外文):Tsetsentsolmon Baatarnaran
論文名稱:蒙古薩滿教演奏中之音樂元素類型:以薩滿教祭祖靈儀式為例
論文名稱(外文):Types of Musical Elements in Mongolian Shamanic Performance: A case of Shamanic Offering Ritual for Ancestral Spirits
指導教授:陳慧珊陳慧珊引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hui-Shan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣藝術大學
系所名稱:表演藝術研究所
學門:藝術學門
學類:綜合藝術學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:105
中文關鍵詞:薩滿儀式自然聲音動物聲音人類聲音靈魂旋律薩滿旋律
外文關鍵詞:Shamanic ritualsounds of natureanimal voiceshuman voicesmelodies of a spiritmelodies of a shaman
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This work covers musical elements - vocal and instrumental - used in the offering ritual
for spirits, the most frequent and ordinary ceremony in Mongolian shamanism. It has four
chapters, with a Conclusion. Chapter One is the Introduction; Chapter Two introduces the
general process and purposes of the offering ritual as well as types of the language used
in the ritual; Chapter Three covers types of vocal and instrumental musical elements and
their specific and common features; and Chapter Four covers the symbolic meanings and
functions of those musical elements used in the ritual and it also covers the ways how
shamans create and transmit their chanting. Musical scores transcribed tones and rhythms
of shamanic chanting are attached in Chapter Three and photos of different shamans in
their offering rituals, of shamanic costumes, and of musical instruments are included in
Appendixes.
Since the recordings and scores of shamanic ritual songs are hardly found,
melodies sung in personal shaman’s performance are used as source. The conclusions and
opinions of scholars from Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Russia, Europe and America have
been considered comparatively. Musical elements are analyzed and interpreted in the
social and cultural contexts of the local people.
CHAPTER ONE: Introduction 1
1. Research Motivations 3
2. Research Aims 4
2.1. Aims in advance 4
2.2. Difficulties to be expected 4
2.3. How to overcome the difficulties 5
3. Literature Review 6
4. Research Methodology 7
4.1. Textual analysis 7
4.2. Fieldwork and participative observation 8
4.3. Musical notation and analysis 9
4.4. Analytic and synthetic interpretations 10
CHAPTER TWO: The Introduction to Shamanic Offering Rituals for Spirits 12
2.1. The process and purposes 12
2.2. The language 23
CHAPTER THREE: Musical Elements in Shamanic Offering Rituals for Spirits:
A case study of Darhad shaman’s songs 40
3.1. Vocal musical elements 40
3.2. Instrumental musical elements 55
CHAPTER FOUR: The Application of the Musical Elements 67
iii
4.1. The symbolic meanings and functions 67
4.2. The tradition and creation 76
CONCLUSION 84
BIBLIOGRAPHY 88
APPENDIXES 93
Books in foreign languages
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Otto Harrasssowittz-Weisbaden.
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Books in Mongolian
Badamhatan, S. (1965). Huvsguliin darhad yastan. [The Darhad people in Hubsugul].
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Badamhatan, S. (1962). Huvsguliin tsaatan ardiin aj baidliin toim. [The Outline on
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Mongolian shamanism]. Huhe Hota: Inner Mongolian people’s publishing
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Dalai, Ch. (1959). Mongoliin boogiin morgoliin tovch tuuh. [A brief history ofMongolian Shamanism]. Ulaanbaatar: Academy Printing.
Damdinsuren, Ts. (1957). Mongolyn uran zohiolyn tuuh. [History of Mongolian
Literature]. Huhe Hota: Inner Mongolian people’s publishing committee
Dulam, S. (1992). Darhad boogiin ulamjlal. [Shamanic tradition of the Darhad
people]. Ulaanbaatar: NUM Press.
Heissig, W. (1998). Mongoliin shashin surtahuun. [The Religion of the Mongols].
(The original work was published in 1970). Huhe Hota: Inner Mongolian people’s
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Hogjilt (2003). Mongol undesnii hogjmiin tuuh. [The History of Music of the
Mongolian Nations.]. Inner Mongolia: National Press Commission.
Hurelshaa, Tsui Ying Bai, Buyantsogt and Nachin. (1998). Horchin boge morgol-un
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Hurtsbaatar, L. & Uzme, Ts. (1991). Mongoliin boo morgoliin tailga tahilgiin soyol.
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people’s publishing committee.
Nyama (1999). Suns, ongod, shutleg. [Souls, spiritis, and worships]. Huhe Hota: Inner
Mongolian people’s publishing committee
Purev, O. (1999). Mongoliin boogiin shashin. [The Mongolian shamanism].
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Sodnom (1962). Mongoliin hariin boogiin duudlagiin tuhai. [Concerning the
shamanic chants of Black Faith]. Ulaanbaatar: Academy Printing.
Rituals and Interviews attended by the researcher
Batbayar Ch. (a female shaman from the Darhad Sharnuud). (2001, December 12).
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Batbayar Ch. (2003, July 6). Hubsugul Province, Mongolia.
Enhtaivan (a male shaman). (2002, January 22). Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Byambatsogt R. (a female shaman). (2003, July 5). Hubsugul Province, Mongolia.
Enhtuya (a female shaman from uighur (reindeer people)). (2005, July and 2006,
August). Hubsugul Province, Mongolia
Purev, O. (interview). (2004, November 24). Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
Audio and Video Recordings
Tsetsentsolmon, B. (2001, December 12). The Audio Recording of Batbayar’s Ritual.
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.
Purev, O. The Darhad Shamans. (reproduced from the documentary film). A female
shamans from the Darhad Huular, Suren O. and her daughter Bayar B.
Bumochir, D. The Ritual of Male Buryat shamans, Tseren Ch., and Bazar Ch.
(reproduced from the video recording)
Dulam, S. The Ritual of a Female Darhad shaman Baljir T. (reproduced from the
video recording)
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