跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.226.244.254) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/01 06:15
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:王子威
研究生(外文):Zi-Wei Wang
論文名稱:mPE奈米複合材料之製備及機械性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Preparation and Mechanical Properties of mPE/clay Nanocomposites
指導教授:陳文智陳文智引用關係賴森茂賴森茂引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:材料科學與奈米科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:106
中文關鍵詞:茂金屬聚乙烯黏土奈米複合材料熔融插層相容劑機械性質
外文關鍵詞:mPEclaynanocompositemelt intercalationcompatibilizermechanical properties
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:161
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:8
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究使用混煉機以熔融插層法製備茂金屬聚乙烯(mPE)/黏土奈米複合材料,並使用馬來酸酐接枝茂金屬聚乙烯(mPE-g-MA)作為相容劑。以DCP作為交聯劑進行交聯,比較交聯前後各項性質的改變。
經X光繞射分析(XRD)顯示,黏土與mPE混煉後其層間距離些微增加,而相容劑mPE-g-MA能幫助黏土的分散,有效的增進黏土的層間距離(d-spacing);經機械性質撕裂測試發現,黏土的摻入可有效提升材料的撕裂強度,使用mPE-g-MA能使黏土分散性變佳,但由於其本身性質的影響,未交聯之樣品其強度反而降低,但交聯後之樣品因為相容劑影響減小,因此黏土分散提高確實讓強度提升;黏土的摻入也提升了材料的耐熱性,但黏土含量超過5 phr其熱重損失溫度反而下降。
Metalloncene polyethlene (mPE)/clay nanocomposite were prepared by melt intercalation method using a mixer. mPE-graft-maleic anhydride(mPE-g-MA) was used as a compatibilizer. DCP was used for curing.
X-ray Diffraction(XRD) revealed that the d-spacing of clay platelets increased after blending and formed intercalated nanocomposite. mPE-g-MA could increase the dispersion of clay platelets and expanded its spacing. The mechanical properties were enhanced observed by tear tests. mPE-g-MA can increase the tear strength increase after curing. The thermal resistance was increased in the presence of clay, but it decreased if clay content was over 5 phr.
摘要 2
Abstract 3
謝 誌 4
目錄 5
第一章 緒論 10
1-1前言 10
1-2研究背景及目的 11
1-3 研究方向及動機 12
第二章 文獻回顧 13
2-1 奈米複合材料之定義及特性 13
2-2 高分子奈米複合材料之製備 14
2-3 黏土的簡介 15
2-4 高分子/黏土奈米複合材料分散型態[18-20] 17
2-5 相容劑改質原理 19
2-6過氧化物(peroxide) 20
2-7 反應機構 21
2-8 高分子/黏土奈米複合材料的發展 22
2-9 混煉機制與原理 26
2-10 機械破壞理論 29
第三章 實驗部分 33
3-1 實驗材料 33
3-2 實驗設備與儀器 34
3-3 實驗流程 35
3-4 樣品製備 36
3-4.1 mPE-g-MA製備 36
3-4.2熔融混煉 36
3-4.3熱壓成型 36
3-4.4交聯 36
3-5凝膠量測試 38
3-6 接枝率測定 38
3-7 微結構分析 38
3-7.1 XRD 38
3-7.2 TEM 39
3-7.3 FTIR 40
3-8 機械性質分析 41
3-8.1 撕裂測試 41
3-8.2 抗張測試 45
3-8.3 切割測試 46
3-9 熱性質分析 47
3-9.1 DSC 47
3-9.2 TGA 47
3-9.3 DMA 48
第四章 結果與討論 49
4-1 接枝率測試 49
4-2 凝膠量測試 51
4-3 XRD 56
4-5 撕裂測試 83
4-6 熱性質分析 89
4.6.1 TGA 89
第五章 結論 101
參考文獻 102
1.Ziegler, K. Angew. Chem., 16, 213 (1964)
2.Hwang, Y.-C.; Chum, S.; Guerra, R. ; Sehanobish, K. Morphology and deformation behavior of homogeneous polyolefin copolymers made with INSITE Technology, ANTEC SPE Conference Proceedings, 3414 (1994)
3.Roy, R.; Komarneni, S.; Roy, D.-M. Multi-phasic ceramic composites made by sol-gel technique, Mater. Soc Symp. Proc., 22, 347 (1984)
4.酈唯誠、李裕文、張為傑,工業材料,153期 (1999)。
5.Yano, K.; Usuki, A.; Okada, A. Synthesis and properties of polyimide-clay hybrid films, J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 35, 2289 (1997)
6.Giannelis, E.-P. Polymer layered silicate nanocomposites, Adv. Mater., 8, 29 (1996)
7.Wen, J.; Wilkes, G.-L. Organic/inorganic hybrid network materials by the sol-gel approach, Chem. Mater., 8, 1667 (1996)
8.Godovski, D.-Y. Adv. Polym. Sci., 119, 79 (1995)
9.Novak, B.-M. Hybrid nanocomposite materials - between inorganic glasses and organic polymers, Adv. Mater., 5, 422 (1993)
10.Wei, Y.; Yang, D.; Tang, L.; Hutchins, MK. Synthesis, characterization, and properties of new polystyrene-SIO2 hybrid sol-gel materials, J. Mater. Res., 8, 1143 (1993)
11.Wei, Y.; Wang, W.; Yeh, J.-M.; Wang, B.; Yang, D.; Murray, J.-K. -Jr. Polym. Mater. Sci. Eng., 70, 272 (1994)
12.廖世傑,工業材料,156 期 (1999)。
13.Huang, C.; Partch, R.-E.; Matijevic, E. J. Colloid and Interface Science., 170, 275 (1993)
14.Gilman, J.-W. Combinatorial vs. sequential research strategies, Appl. Clay Sci., 15, 31 (1999)
15.Ogata, N.; Kawakage, S.; Ogihara, T. Polymer, 38, 5115 (1997)
16.Giannelis, E.-P.; Krishnamoorti, R.; Manias, E. Polymer-silica nanocomposites: model systems for confined polymers and polymer brushes, Adv. Polym. Sci., 118, 108 (1999)
17.Weimer, M.-W.; Chen, H.; Giannelis, E.-P.; Sogah, D.-Y. Direct synthesis of dispersed nanocomposites by in situ living free radical polymerization using a silicate-anchored initiator, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121, 1615 (1999)
18.Lan, T.; Pinnavaia, T.-J. Chem. Mater., 6, 2216 (1994)
19.Akelah, A.; Moet, A. Synthesis of organophilic polymer-clay nanocomposites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 55, 153 (1994)
20.Zilg, C.; Thomann, R.; Miilhaupt, R.; Finter, J. Polyurethane nanocomposites containing laminated anisotropic nanoparticles derived from organophilic layered silicates, Adv. Mater., 11, 49 (1999)
21.Alexandre, M.; Dubois, P. Mater. Sci. Eng., 28, 5 (2000)
22.Hasegawa, N.; Okamoto, H.; Kawasumi, M.; Kato, M. Tsukigase, A.; Usuki, A. Macromol. Mater. Eng., 280, 76 (2000)
23.Usuki, A.; Tukigase, A.; Kato, M. Preparation and properties of EPDM–clay hybrids, Polymer, 43, 2185 (2002)
24.Wang, K.-H.; Choi, M.-H.; Koo, C.-M.; Choi, Y.-S.; Chung, I.-J. Synthesis and characterization of maleated polyethylene/clay nanocomposites, Polymer, 42, 9819 (2001)
25.Gopakumar, T.-G.; Lee, J.-A.; Kontopoulou, M.; Parent, J.-S. Influence of clay exfoliation on the physical properties of montmorillonite/polyethylene composites, Polymer, 43, 5483 (2002)
26.Qi, R.-R.; Qian, J.-L.; Zhou, C.-X. Modification of acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene terpolymer by grafting with maleic anhydride in the melt. I. preparation and characterization, J. Appl. Poly. Sci., 90, 1249 (2002)
27.Kim, J.-T.; Lee, D.-Y.;Oh, T.-S.;Lee, D.-H. Characteristics of nitrile–butadiene rubber layered silicate nanocomposites with silane coupling agent, J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 89, 2633 (2003)
28.Wong, J.- S.S.; Ferrer-Balas, D.; Li, R.- K.Y.; Mai, Y.-W.; Maspoch, M.- L.; Sue, H.-J. On tearing of ductile polymer films using the essential work of fracture (EWF) method , Acta Materialia, 51, 4929(2003)
29.Kim, l.;Ha C.-S. New millable polyurethane/organoclay nanocomposite: Preparation, characterization and properties, Macromol. Rapid Commun , 24,671(2003)
30.Ma, J.; Lu, Y.-L.; Wu, Y.-P.; Zhang, L.-Q.; Mai, Y.-W. Pressure, the critical factor governing final microstructures of cured rubber/clay nanocomposites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, Part B: Polymer Physics, 43, 2653(2005)
31.Gatos, K.-G. ; Sawanis, N.-S.; Apostolov, A.-A.; Thomann, R.; Karger-Kocsis, J. Nanocomposite formation in hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR)/organo- montmorillonite as a function of the intercalant type, Macromol. Mater. Eng., 289, 1079(2004)
32.Gatos, K.- G.; Szazdi, L.; Pukanszky, B.; Karger-Kocsis, J. Controlling the deintercalation in hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR)/organo-montmorillonite nanocomposites by curing with peroxide, Macromol. Rapid Commun., 26, 915 (2005)
33.Kim, Y.-C; Lee, S.-J.; Kim, J.-C.; Cho, H. Effect of maleated polyethylene on the rheological properties of LLDPE/clay nanocomposites, Polym., 37, 206 (2005)
34.Brodkey, R.-S. Fluid Motion and Mixing., New York (1966)
35.Tadmor, Z.; Gogos, C.-G., Principles of Polymer Processin Wiley, New York (1976)
36.Fornes, T.-D.; Yoon, P.-J.; Keskkula H.; Paul, D.-R. Nylon 6 nanocomposites: The effect of matrix molecular weight, Polymer, 42, 9929 (2001)
37.Inglis, C.-E. Trans. Inst. Naval. Architects., 55, 219 London (1913)
38.Rivlin, R.-S.; Thomas, A.-G., J. Polym. Sci., 10, 291 (1953)
39.Greensmith, H.-W.; Thomas, A.-G. J. Polym. Sci., 18, 189 (1955)
40.Thomas, A.-G., J. Polym. Sci., 18, 177 (1955)
41.Thomas, A.-G., J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 3, 168 (1960)
42.Greensmith, H.-W., J. Appl. Polym. Sci., 3, 183 (1963)
43.Mueller, H.-K.; Kanauss, W.-G., Trans. Soc. Rheol., 15, 217 (1971)
44.Gent, A.-N.; Schultz, J., J. Adhes., 3, 281(1972)
45.Rivlin, R.-S.; Thomas, A.-G. J. Polym. Sci., 10, 291(1963)
46.Gent, A.-N.; Lai, S.-M.; Nah, C.; Wang, C. Viscoelastic effects in cutting and tearing rubber, Rubb. Chem. Technol., 67, 610 (1994)
47.Wu, C.-S.; Liao H.-T.; Lai S.-M. Study on the graft reaction of maleic anhydride onto metallocene-based polyethylene–octene elastomer, Polym.-plast.technol.eng, 41, 645 (2002)
48.塑膠中心,沈曉復。
49.Gaylard, N.-G.; Mehta, R.; Kumar, V. High density polyethylene-g-maleic anhydride preparation in presence of electron donors, J. Appl. Polym. Sci, 38, 359 (1989)
50.許樹恩、吳泰伯,X光繞射原理與材料結構分析。
51.Gent, A.-N.; Lai, S.-M. Interfacial bonding, energy dissipation, and adhesion, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys., 32, 1543 (1994)
52.Gent, A.-N.; Wang, C. Cutting resistance of polyethylene, J. Polym. Sci. Polym. Phys., 34, 2231 (1996)
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top