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研究生:林瑞瑜
研究生(外文):Rui-Yu Lin
論文名稱:運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮對跆拳選手運動表現之影響
論文名稱(外文):The influence of trait mental toughness for sport and pre-competition state anxiety on the performance of taekwondo athletes
指導教授:林清和林清和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ching-Ho Lin
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:運動教練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:心理技能競賽焦慮跆拳道
外文關鍵詞:psychological skillcompetitive anxietytaekwondo
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
  • 點閱點閱:1217
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:185
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究旨在探討:一、跆拳選手的運動特質性心理堅韌力、賽前狀態性焦慮與運動表現之間的關係;二、運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮對跆拳選手運動表現的預測情形。本研究以67位參加2008年奧運會培訓隊暨第18屆男子第11屆女子世界跆拳道錦標賽中華男、女代表隊選拔賽的選手為研究對象(男41人,女26人,年齡19.97±1.66歲,身高170.62±6.52公分,體重63.64±10.14公斤)。於賽前一個月的非比賽期間,先對受試者實施『特質運動心理堅韌性量表』的測試,再於賽前30分鐘實施『賽前狀態性焦慮量表』的測試。本研究所得之資料以SPSS FOR WINDOWS 10.0套裝統計軟體,進行皮爾遜積差相關與迴歸分析,顯著水準訂為α=.05,獲得以下的結果:一、選手的『特質運動心理堅韌性』與『賽前狀態性焦慮』量表之間,僅「積極奮鬥」與「自信心」兩個分量
表之間達統計顯著水準,其餘各分量表皆未達到顯著相關。二、『特質運動心理堅韌性』與『賽前狀態性焦慮』量表無法有效預測跆拳選手的運動表現,此兩份量表與跆拳選手的運動表現之間未達顯著相關。所獲得的結論為:國內甲組跆拳選手的運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態焦慮之間並沒有太大的關連性存在,而運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮這兩項因素,對於國內甲組跆拳選手的比賽勝率無法做出有效的預測。
This research investigates how the performance of taekwondo athletes is related to their trait mental toughness and pre-competition state anxiety. It also examines if predictions of the athletes’ performance can be made based on these two factors. The research objects were 67 athletes on the 2008 Olympic training team and those who represented the national team in the tryout of the World Taekwondo Championships (41 males and 26 females: age 19.97±1.66 years old; height 170.62±6.52 cm; weight 63.64±10.14 kg). One month before the competition, the objects took the test of “trait mental toughness inventory for sport” and 30 minutes before the game their “pre-competition state anxiety” was measured. The data were then processed with SPSS FOR WINDOWS 10.0 to make Pearson product-moment correlation and regression analyses. With the significance level α set at .05, the following result was yielded: (1) among the “trait mental toughness” and “pre-competition state anxiety” inventories, only “positive effort” and “confidence” reached the significance level. (2) “trait mental toughness for sport” and “pre-competition state anxiety” inventories cannot effectively predict the performance of the taekwondo athletes because the correlation between the two inventories and the athletes’ performance did not reach the significance level. Therefore, the conclusion can be made that the performance of the national level-A taekwondo athletes is not apparently related to their trait mental toughness for sport and pre-competition state anxiety. These two factors cannot help effectively predict the rates of winning.
目 次
中文摘要-------------------------------------------------------------Ⅰ
英文摘要-------------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ
謝誌----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅳ
目次----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅴ
表次----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅷ
圖次----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅸ
第壹章 緒論--------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 前言----------------------------------------------------1
第二節 問題背景與研究的重要性-------------------------------------2
第三節 研究目的-------------------------------------------------6
第四節 研究問題-------------------------------------------------7
第五節 研究假設-----------------------------------------------------7
第六節 研究範圍與限制------------------------------------------------8
第七節 名詞操作性定義--------------------------------------------8

第貳章 文獻探討----------------------------------------------------10
第一節 心理堅韌力相關的理論機制與概念界定-------------------------10
第二節 心理堅韌性與運動表現的關係--------------------------------15
第三節 狀態焦慮相關的理論機制------------------------------------20
第四節 狀態焦慮與運動表現的關係----------------------------------25
第五節 本章總結------------------------------------------------32

第參章 研究方法與步驟-----------------------------------------------35
第一節 研究架構與設計-------------------------------------------35
第二節 研究對象------------------------------------------------36
第三節 研究工具------------------------------------------------37
第四節 研究流程------------------------------------------------38
第五節 資料處理與分析-------------------------------------------41

第肆章 研究結果---------------------------------------------------42
第一節 運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮的關連性----------------42
第二節 運動特質性心理堅韌力、賽前狀態性焦慮與運動表現的關連性--------44
第三節 運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮對運動表現的預測情形------45

第伍章 討論-------------------------------------------------------47
第一節 運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮的關連性----------------47
第二節 運動特質性心理堅韌力、賽前狀態性焦慮與運動表現的關係---------48

第陸章 結論與建議--------------------------------------------------51
第一節 結論---------------------------------------------------51
第二節 建議---------------------------------------------------52

參考文獻-------------------------------------------------------------53
中文部分---------------------------------------------------------53
英文部分---------------------------------------------------------60

附錄一 特質運動心理堅韌性量表----------------------------------------72
附錄二 賽前狀態性焦慮量表-------------------------------------------74
附錄三 作者同意書--------------------------------------------------76
附錄四 作者同意書--------------------------------------------------77




表 次
表2-1 各種運動項目之激發水準----------------------------------------21
表3-1 受試者個人基本資料-------------------------------------------37
表4-1 運動特質性心理堅韌力與賽前狀態性焦慮關連性摘要表-----------------42
表4-2 運動特質性心理堅韌力、賽前狀態性焦慮與運動表現關連性摘要表--------44
表4-3 特質運動心理堅韌性量表與賽前狀態性焦慮量表對比賽勝率預測之
迴歸變異數分析表---------------------------------------------46














圖 次
圖2-1 Martens壓力過程---------------------------------------------24
圖3-1 研究架構圖--------------------------------------------------36
圖3-2 研究流程圖--------------------------------------------------40
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