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研究生:洪家豪
研究生(外文):Hong Jia Hao
論文名稱:含口塞吩單元的有機感光太陽能電池材料
論文名稱(外文):Organic solar cells comprise thiophen
指導教授:蔡啓堂+林建村
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:太陽能電池染料敏化太陽能可塑性化合物可見光共軛鏈
外文關鍵詞:solar cellafter
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太陽能電池是利用光-電轉換效應將太陽能直接轉換為電能的裝置,而現在的太陽能電池所用的主要是無機材料,有機太陽能電池是新興的電池,其轉換效率雖然比無機太陽能電池低,但由於有機化合物結構可塑性高、質量輕、製造成本低、加工性能好、便於製造大面積太陽能電池和能吸收可見光等優點,因此頗有發展的潛力。
本論文開發新穎的有機光敏染料,並製成光敏敏化太陽能電池(dye-sensitized solar cells,DSSCs)。我們以數個thiophene為共軛鏈,在其一端引入diarylamine推電子基,另一端引入2-cyanoacrylic acid拉電子基,使整個分子具有電荷轉移性質。Carboxylate可順利吸附在TiO2上可利於之後元件的製作。之後嘗試引入不同的推電子基或雙鍵,使其共軛鏈增加,期望可調整較寬廣的吸收光範圍。
The solar cell utilizes light - electricity changes the device that the effect changed the solar energy into the electric energy directly, but what the present solar cell uses is mainly a inorganic material , the organic solar cell is a new developing battery, though its conversion efficiency is lower than the solar cell of the inorganic, but because the structure plasticity of organic compound is high, quality light, make with low costs , process of good performance easy to make large area solar cell and can absorb visible light ,etc. advantage, so there is potentiality of development.
Develops the novel organic photosensitive dyestuffs, and make photosensitive sensitization solar cell in this thesis (dye-sensitized solar cells, DSSCs). We regard several thiophenes as the conjugation chain, introduce diarylamine to push the electronic base in one of its' end, another end introduces 2- cyanoacrylic acid draw the electronic base , make the whole member have electric charges to shift nature . Carboxylate can absorb the making of the component after can benefit on TiO2ing smoothly . Later tried to introduce different pushing electronic base or one pair of keys , made its conjugation chain increase, expect the adjustable more broad mere range of absorption.
第一章 緒論-----------------------------------------------1
1-1前言-------------------------------------------------2
1-2太陽能電池簡介---------------------------------------3
1-3無機太陽能電池---------------------------------------5
1-4有機太陽能電池---------------------------------------7
1-5有機太陽能電池之結構--------------------------------10
1-6太陽光譜--------------------------------------------13
1-7太陽能電池之電性量測--------------------------------15
1-8研究目的與動機--------------------------------------19
第二章 染料敏化太陽能電池--------------------------------20
2-1染料敏化太陽能電池的發展----------------------------21
2-2染料敏化太陽能電池的組成結構------------------------22
2-3染料敏化太陽能電池的工作原理及特性------------------24
2-4光敏化劑-染料---------------------------------------34
第三章 實驗部份------------------------------------------35
3-1實驗儀器--------------------------------------------36
3-2實驗藥品及溶劑--------------------------------------38
3-3合成流程--------------------------------------------40
3-4實驗步驟--------------------------------------------42
第四章 結果與討論----------------------------------------52
4-1化合物之結構及代號----------------------------------53
4-2實驗流程--------------------------------------------54
4-3紫外光-可見光、放光光譜之探討-----------------------55
4-4循環伏安法之測量與探討------------------------------58
4-5元件設計--------------------------------------------60
4-6元件效率的量測--------------------------------------62
4-7元件之轉換效率--------------------------------------65
第五章 結論----------------------------------------------68
結論---------------------------------------------------69
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