跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.229.142.104) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/27 05:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:李易儒
研究生(外文):Yi-Ju Lee
論文名稱:銀髮族運動參與、利益知覺與幸福感關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):The relationships of exercise participation, perceived benefits and well-being of the elderly.
指導教授:洪維勵洪維勵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei-Li Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:觀光事業研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:觀光休閒學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:139
中文關鍵詞:銀髮族運動強度運動頻率利益知覺幸福感
外文關鍵詞:elderlyexercise intensityexercise frequencyperceived benefitswell-being
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:29
  • 點閱點閱:1906
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:690
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:12
由於醫學進步以及公共健康、安全方面的不斷改進,使得人們平均壽命提高,再加上嬰兒的出生率大幅降低,使得我國人口出現高齡化的現象;研究指出銀髮族容易在生活上產生不滿意,透過運動的參與則可改善生活狀況,促進生活滿意。本研究目的在與探討銀髮族對於幸福感與運動利益的知覺,以及銀髮族所參與之運動強度及頻率、利益知覺與幸福感之間的關係。本研究以人員調查問卷訪問法進行調查,使用非隨機抽樣之配額抽樣原則,於2007年2月至4月在台北市的數個公園發放正式問卷,共回收400份有效問卷。
研究結果發現,銀髮族運動後,幸福感方面以情緒反應感受最多,運動強度與幸福感之間呈現負相關,然而運動頻率與幸福感之間具有正向關係;銀髮族所知覺到的利益以社會互動最高,運動強度與利益知覺之間有低度負相關,運動頻率與利益知覺之間具有低度正相關;運動利益知覺與幸福感之間呈現顯著的正相關;此外,利益知覺未在運動參與和幸福感之間扮演中介的角色。本研究建議,多推廣銀髮族參與規律的運動,藉由運動參與,可提高其幸福感以及成功的老化。
Because of the medical advances, along with increased affluence and improve-ment in public health, safety, the average of life expectancy is increasing constantly. In addition, the dramatic fall of birth rate has also caused Taiwan becoming an aging society. Research indicates that the elderly is likely to have lower life satisfaction, and this can be improved by the participation of physical exercise. The objective of this study was to identify the sense of well-being and perceived benefits among eld-erly and relationships of physical exercise, including exercise intensity and frequency, exercise benefits and well-being. Quota sampling was chosen to select the respon-dents. The survey was conducted in a number of parks in Taipei from February to April 2007. People who aged over 60 were interviewed with questionnaire. A total of 400 valid questionnaires were collected.
The results show that emotional reaction was perceived by the respondents as the highest factor in terms of the sense of well-being. There was a negative relation-ship between exercise intensity and well-being. However, exercise frequency had significant positive relationships with well-being. The results indicate that social in-teraction was perceived as the most important benefits of exercise. In addition, a low negative correlation between exercise intensity and exercise benefits was found, and exercise frequency and exercise benefits had low positive correlation. The results find that there was a high correlation between the perceived exercise benefits and the well-being. In addition, perceived benefits of exercise is not a mediator between ex-ercise participation and well-being. The study suggests that the elderly should keep doing low intensity exercise regularly, rather than doing high intensity exercise.
中文摘要 ..................... iii
英文摘要 ..................... iv
誌謝詞 ..................... vi
內容目錄 ..................... vii
表目錄 ..................... ix
圖目錄 .....................xiii
第一章 續論................... 1
第一節  研究背景與動機............ 1
第二節 研究問題與目的............ 4
第三節 研究範圍與對象............ 8
第四節 研究流程............... 9
第二章  文獻回顧................. 10
第一節  銀髮族運動參與............ 10
第二節 運動的利益知覺............ 14
第三節 幸福感................ 20
第三章  研究設計................. 27
第一節  研究架構............... 27
第二節 操作性定義.............. 28
第三節 研究假設............... 29
第四節 問卷設計............... 33
第五節 抽樣設計............... 39
第六節 統計分析方法............. 40
第七節 問卷預試............... 42
第四章  研究結果與分析.............. 45
第一節  受訪者屬性分析............ 45
第二節  運動參與............... 47
第三節  運動利益知覺............. 54
第四節  幸福感................ 61
第五節  運動參與、利益知覺與幸福感之關係... 69
第五章  結論與建議................ 108
第一節  結論................. 108
第二節  研究限制............... 110
第三節  建議................. 111
參考文獻 .................... 113
附錄A 預試問卷................. 126
附錄B 預試問卷 幸福感答案表 .......... 130
附錄C 正式問卷................. 133
附錄D 正式問卷 幸福感答案表 .......... 137
一、中文部份

Argyle, M. (1997),幸福心理學(施建彬,陸洛譯),台北:巨流,(原文於1987年出版)。

Erikson, E. H., Erikson, J. M., & Kivnick, H. Q. (2000),Erikson老年研究報告──人生八大階段(周怜利譯),台北:張老師文化,(原文於1997年出版)。

Willis, J. D., & Campbell, L. F. (1997),運動心理學(吳文忠等譯),台北:五南,(原文於1992年出版)。

內政部統計資訊服務網(2007),人口年齡分配[線上資料],來源:http://sowf.moi.gov.tw/stat/year/y02-01.xls [2007, March 15]。

行政院主計處(2004),時間運用概況[線上資料],來源:http://www.dgbas.gov.tw/public/Attachment/57159372371.doc [2006, October 19]。

行政院主計處(2006),平均每戶家庭收支按行政區別分[線上資料],來源:http://www.dgbas.taipei.gov.tw/NEWS_WEEKLY/Income/概況/94年/統計表/表三.xls [2006, October 19]。

行政院經濟建設委員會(2006),中華民國臺灣95年至140年人口推計[線上資料],來源:http://www.cepd.gov.tw/business/business_sec3.jsp?businessID=54&parentLinkID=8&linkid=91 [2006, August 08 ]。

沙依仁(1996),高齡學,台北:五南。

林正常(1989),老人的運動,台北:中華日報社出版部。

林瑞興(1999),增加身體活動量對老年人的重要性,大專體育,46,87-93。

施建彬(1995),幸福感來源與相關因素之探討,高雄醫學院行為科學研究所未出版之碩士論文。

陳昭蓉,林晏州(1996),鄰里公園使用者滿意度影響因素之探討,戶外遊憩研究,9(2/3),1-22。

黃惠璣(2004),銀髮族的運動,長期照護雜誌,8(3),311-320。

劉慧俐(2003),身體活動與老人生活品質,國家衛生研究所。

謝錦城(2004),銀髮族多運動,可減少就醫次數,國教世紀,213,47-54。

二、英文部份

Aaron, D. J., Kriska, A. M., Dearwater, S. R., Anderson, R. L., Olsen, T. L., Cauley, J. A., & Laporte, R. E. (1993). The epidemiology of leisure physical activity in an adolescent population. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 25(7), 847-853.

Andrews, F. M., & Withey, S. B. (1976). Social indicators of well-being: Americans’ perceptions of life quality. New York: Plenum Press.

Argyle, M., & Martin, M. (1991). The psychological causes of happiness. In F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 77-100). Great Britain: Pergamon Press.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173-1182.

Bennett, K. M. (1998). Gender and longitudinal changes in physical activities in later life. Age and Ageing, 27(3), 24-28.

Birch, K., MacLaren, D., & George, K. (2005). Sport & exercise physiology. Guildford: BIOS Scientific Publishers.

Brown, W. J., Mishra, G., Lee, C., & Bauman, A. (2000). Leisure time physical activity in Australian women: Relationship with well being and symptoms. Research Quarerly for Exercise and Sport, 72(3), 206-216.

Brownell, K. D. (1988). Weight management and body composition. In S. N. Blair, P. Painter, R. R. Pate, L. Kent Smith, & C. Barr Taylor (Eds.), Resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (pp. 355-361). Philadelphia: Lee & Febiger.

Caspersen, C. J., Powell, K. E., & Christenson, G. M. (1985). Physical activity, exercise, and physical fitness: Definitions and distinctions for health related research. Public Health Reports, 100(2), 126-131.

Carter, R. (1977). Exercise and happiness. Sports Med, 17(3), 307-313.

Chasens, E. R., Sereika, S. M., Weaver, T., & Umlauf, M. G. (2007). Daytime sleepiness, exercise, and physical function in older adults. Journal of Sleep Research, 16(1), 60-65.

Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Wong, M. M. (1991). The situational and personal correlates of happiness: A cross-national comparison. In F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 193-212). Great Britain: Pergamon Press.

Depauw, K. P. (1992). Current international trend in research in adapted physical activity. In T. Williams, L. Almond, & A. Sparkes (Eds.), Sport and physical activity moving towards excellence (pp. 221-228). London: E & FN Spon.

Dergance, J. M., Calmbach, W. L., Dhanda, R., Miles, T. P., Hazuda, H. P., & Mouton, C. P. (2003). Barriers to and benefits of leisure time physical activity in the elderly: Differences across cultures. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 51(6), 863-868.

DeVellis, R. F. (1991). Practical nonparametric statistics. London: SAGE.

Diener, E., Sandvik, E, & Pavot, W. (1991). Happiness is the frequency, not the intensity, of positive versus negative affect. In F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 119-139). Great Britain: Pergamon Press.

Diener, E. (2000). Subjective well-being. American Psychologist, 55(1), 34-43.

Dionigi, R. (2006). Competitive sport as leisure in later life: Negotiations, discourse, and aging. Leisure Sciences, 28(2), 191-196.

Dreyer, L. I., Van der Merwe, S., & Strydom, G. L. (1995). Spiritual well-being, lifestyle and health. In G. Athinson, & T. Reilly (Eds.), Sport, leisure and ergonomics (pp. 268-273). Cornwall: E & FN Spon.

Dupuy, H. J. (1977). The general well-being schedule. In I. McDowell, & C. Newell (Eds.), Measuring health- A guide to rating scales and questionnaires (pp. 206-213). United States of America: Oxford University Press.

Durnin, J. V. G. A. (1988). Assessment of physical activity during leisure and work. In C. Bouchard, R. J. Shephard, T. Stephens, J. R. Sutton, & B. D. McPherson (Eds.), Exercise, fitness, and health (pp. 63-70). United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Grant, B. C. (2001). You’re never too old: Beliefs about physical activity and playing sport in later life. Age and Society, 21(6), 777-798.

Griffin, J. (1986). Well-being: Its meaning, measurement, and moral importance. Great Britain: Oxford University Press.

Gill, D. L., Williams, K., Williams L., Butki B. D., & Kim, B. J. (1997). Physical activity and psychological well-being in older women. Women’s Health Issues, 7(1), 3-9.

Harris, R. (1986). Diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of physical exercise and sport in clinical gealth care of the aging. In B. D. McPherson (Ed.), Sport and aging (pp. 157-163). United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Heath, G. W. (1988). Exercise programming for the older adult. In S. N. Blair, P. Painter, R. R. Pate, L. Kent Smith, & C. Barr Taylor (Eds.), Resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (pp. 315-320). Philadelphia: Lee & Febiger.

Heuser, L. (2005). We’re not too old to play sports: The career of women lawn bowlers. Leisure Studies, 24(1), 45-60.

Huffman, G. B. (1997). Exercise and improvement of sleep quality in older adults. American Family Physician, 56(1), 274.

Jackson, A. W., Morrow, J. R., Hill, D. W., & Dishman, R. K. (1999). Physical activity for health and fitness. Hong Kong: Human Kinetics.

Kawanabe, K., Kawashima, A., Sashimoto, I., Takeda, T., Sato, Y., & Iwamoto, J. (2007). Effect of whole-body vibration exercise and muscle strengthening, balance, and walking exercises on walking ability in the elderly. The Keio Journal of Medicine, 56(1), 28-33.

Koltyn, K. F. (2001). The association between physical activity and quality of life in older women. Women’s Health Issues, 11(6), 471-480.

Lampinen, P., & Heikkinen, R. (2002). Gender differences in depressive symptoms and self-esteem in different physical activity categories among older adults. Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal, 11(2), 171-197.

Lee, C., & Russell, A. (2003). Effects of physical activity on emotional well-being among older Australian women cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 54(2), 155-160.

Martinez-Gonzalez, M. A. (2003). Physical activity and psychological well-being. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57(3), 232.

McAuley, E., Blissmer, B., Marquez, D. X., Jerome, G. J., Kramer, A. F., & Katula, J. (2000). Social relations, physical activity, and well-being in older adults. Preventive Medicine, 31(5), 608-617.

McDowell, I., & Newell, C. (1996). Measuring health- A guide to rating scales and questionnaires. United States of America: Oxford University Press.

McPherson, B. D. (1986). Sport, health, well-being, and aging: Some conceptual and methodological issues and questions for sport scientists. In B. D. McPherson (Ed.), Sport and aging (pp. 3-23). United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Meusel, H. (1986). Health and well-being for older adults through physical exercises and sport- Outline of the giessen model. In B. D. McPherson (Ed.), Sport and aging (pp. 107-115). United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers.

Morgan, K., & Bath, P. A. (1998). Customary physical activity and psychological wellbeing: A longitudinal study. Age and Ageing, 27(3), 35-40.

Nakamura, Y., Tanaka, K., Yabushita, N., Sakai, T., & Shigenatsu, R. (2007). Effects of exercise frequency on functional fitness in older adult women. Archives Of Gerontology And Geriatrics, 44(2), 163-173.

Netz, Y., & Wu, M. (2005). Physical activity and psychological well-being in advanced age: A meta-analysis of intervention studies. Psychology and Aging, 20(2), 272-284.

Nunnally, J. C. (1978). Psychometric theory. New York: McGraw-Hill.

O’Brien Cousins, S., & Gillis, M. M. (2005). Just do it... before you talk yourself out of it: The self-talk of adults thinking about physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 6(3), 313-334.

Peterson, P. G. (1999). Gray dawn: How the coming age wave will transform America and the world. New York: Times Books.

Plotnikoff, R. C., Mayhew, A., Birkett, N., Loucaides, C. A., & Fodor, G. (2004). Age, gender, and urban-rural differences in the correlates of physical activity. Preventive Medicine, 39(6), 1115-1125.

Reuben, D. B., Laliberte, L., Hiris, J., & Mor, V. (1990). A hierarchical exercise scale to measure function at the advanced activities of daily living. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 38(8), 855-861.

Ruuskanen, J. M., & Ruoppila, I. (1995). Physical activity and psychological well-being among people aged 65 to 84 years. Age and Ageing, 24(2), 292-296.

Scanlon-Mogel, J. M., & Roberto, K. A. (2004). Older adults’ beliefs about physical activity and exercise: Life course influences and transitions. Quality in Ageing, 5(3), 33-44.

Sechrist, K. R., Walker, S. N., & Pender, N. J. (1987). Development and psychometric evaluation of the exercise benefits/barriers scale. Research in Nursing & Health, 10(6), 357-365.

Shaw, D. F., Gorely, T., & Corban, R. M. (2005). Sport & exercise psychology. Kent: BIOS Scientific Publishers.

Siegel, D. (2006). The effects of physical activity on the health and well-being of youths. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 77(1), 11.

Sims, J., Hill, K., Davidson, S., Gunn, J., & Huang, N. (2007). A snapshot of the prevalence of physical activity amongst older, community dwelling people in Victoria, Australia: Patterns across the ‘young-old’ and ‘old-old’. BMC Geriatrics, 7(4).

Snyder, E. E., & Spreitzer, E. A. (1974). Involvement in sports and psychological well-being. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 5, 28-39.

Strauss, W. E., Scaramuzzi, M. S., Panton-Lapsley, D., & McIntyre, K. M. (1988). Emergency plans and procedures for an exercise facility. In S. N. Blair, P. Painter, R. R. Pate, L. Kent Smith, & C. Barr Taylor (Eds.), Resource manual for guidelines for exercise testing and prescription (pp. 278-284). Philadelphia: Lee & Febiger.

Sayyadi, A. R., Nazer, M., Ansary, A, & Khleghi, A. (2006). The effect of the exercise training on depression in elderly women. Annals of General Psychiatry, 5(1), 199.

Van Norman, K. A. (1995). Exercise programming for older adults. United States of America: Human Kinetics.

Veal, A. J. (2002). Leisure and tourism policy and planning. Oxon: CABI Publishing.

Veal, A. J. (2006). Research methods for leisure and tourism. Wiltshire: Pearson Education.

Veenhoven, R. (1991). Questions on happiness: Classical topics, modern answers, blind spots. In F. Strack, M. Argyle, & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective well-being: An interdisciplinary perspective (pp. 7-26). Great Britain: Pergamon Press.

Wilmore, J. H., & Costill, D. L. (1994). Physiology of sport and exercise. United States of America: Human Kinetics.

World Health Organization (No date). The world is fast ageing - Have we noticed? [Online]. Available: http://www.who.int/ageing/en/ [2006, September 16].

White, S. A., Duda, J. L., & Keller, M. R. (1998). The relationship between goal orientation and perceived purposes of sport among youth sport participants. Journal of Sport Behavior, 21(4), 474-483.

Yau, M. K., & Packer, T. (2002). Health and well-being through T’ai Chi: Perceptions of older adults in Hong Kong. Leisure Studies, 21(2), 163-178.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top