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研究生:洪麗玲
研究生(外文):Li-Ling Hong
論文名稱:多層奈米TiO2薄膜於染料敏化太陽能電池之研究
論文名稱(外文):Layer-by-layer Nanocrystalline TiO2 Film for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell
指導教授:楊乾信廖渭銅
指導教授(外文):Chien-Hsin YangWei Tung Liao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南台科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材枓工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:溶膠凝膠 二氧化鈦 染料敏化太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:sol-gel process TiO2 dye sensitized solar cells
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本研究利用典型的溶膠凝膠法製備奈米結晶顆粒的二氧化鈦塗料,並使用刮刀法(Doctor blade method)製備TiO2薄膜電極並浸泡染料後,與白金對應電極,形成三明治夾層再注入電解液而成染料敏化太陽能電池光伏元件。為了找出最佳製作太陽能電池之條件,吾人使用統計實驗法,改變不同條件下所組裝的染料敏化太陽能電池元件並測其效率。由實驗結果,可歸納出在本實驗中最佳化的條件如下: 使用低電阻 FTO(10Ω)導電玻璃;加入15%PEG於二氧化鈦paste中;5μm厚的二氧化鈦薄膜; 3-methoxypropionitrile(MPN)電解液;使用氯鉑酸( H2PtCl6‧6H2O)旋轉塗佈製作的白金對應電極。其最佳條件中所得到的效率約為9%。另外,利用混合實驗設計法,將A染料、B染料和C染料三種染料以一定組成混合並浸入TiO2薄膜電極和組裝元件,並找出最佳染料組成,其最佳混合比例為B/C莫耳比約為3/1為最佳,效率可達約10.49%
In this study, the nanocrystalline TiO2 particles were synthesized by using the sol-gel process, and then TiO2 thin films were coated on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) glass by Doctor blade method. The N3 dye was soaked onto the prepared TiO2 thin film electrode, and the platinum counter-electrode were prepared using the spin-coated method or sputtered method, forming a sandwich structure to pour into the electrolyte for the dye sensitized solar cells. The optimal conditions were systematically studied by using the statistical experimental strategy. The optimal conditions as follows: FTO(10Ω) substrate, 15%PEG content in TiO2 paste, 5μm TiO2 film thickness, MPN as solvent for electrolyte, and the use of hexachloroplatinic acid ( H2PtCl6‧6H2O) spin-coated method to make Pt counter-electrode. The highest efficiency about 9% was obtained in the system using N3 dye in the optimal conditions. On the other hand, a systematic analysis for pure organic dye system of A, B and C ternary components. The optimal conditions were systematically studied by using the experimental design of mixture design. The optimal composition of dyes was obtained at the B/C mole ratio of 3/1. The highest efficiency about 10.49% was obtained in the optimal conditions.
中文摘要........................I
英文摘要.........................II
誌謝..........................III
目錄.........................IV
表目錄........................VII
圖目錄........................VIII
第一章 緒論.......................1
1-1 前言........................1
1-2研究動機與目標...................2
第二章理論基礎與文獻回顧.................3
2-1染料敏化太陽能電池的發展..............3
2-2染料敏化太陽能電池之構造與原理...........5
2-3二氧化鈦簡介....................7
2-4染料敏化劑.....................8
2-5電解液......................13
2-6相對電極.....................14
第三章實驗方法.....................16
3-1藥品與器材....................16
3-2實驗設備.....................17
3-3奈米級TiO2¬ Paste之製備方法與相關測試........18
3-3-1 TiO2 paste製備................18
3-3-2 X-ray繞射分析儀(XRD)............18
3-3-3場放射性掃描式電子顯微鏡(FE-SEM) ......18
3-3-4 細微厚度測定儀(α-step)............18
3-3-5 穿透式電子顯微鏡(FEG-TEM)..........18
3-4染料敏化太陽能電池之製作.............19
3-4-1二氧化鈦薄膜電極之製備............19
3-4-2染料的吸附..................19
3-4-3電解液之配製.................19
3-4-4 白金相對電極製作...............20 3-4-5太陽能電池之組裝...............20
3-5太陽能電池效率測試................21
第四章結果與討論.....................24
4-1 二氧化鈦XRD特性分析..............24
4-2 TEM分析.....................24
4-3 SEM分析.....................25
4-4 UV-Vis分析....................25
4-5統計實驗法在染料敏化太陽能電池元件最佳化.....28
4-6染料敏化太陽能電池最佳化的試驗..........42
4-7混合實驗設計法於染料敏化太陽能電池中染料混合最佳化45
第五章結論........................52
參考文獻.........................53
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