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研究生:李安輝
研究生(外文):An-Huei Li
論文名稱:ZigBee閘道器實作和飽和度分析
論文名稱(外文):Gateway Implementation and Saturation Analysis for ZigBee
指導教授:鄭仁亮
指導教授(外文):Jen-Liang Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:慈濟大學
系所名稱:醫學資訊研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:醫學技術及檢驗學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:CSMA/CAZigBee Gateway飽和度分析無線感測網路ZigBee
外文關鍵詞:ZigBee GatewayZigBeeWireless Sensor Network
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
隨著微機電技術的進步與無線傳輸技術的發展,無線感測網路的應用範圍越來越廣,發展至今,仍有許多可以應用的環境待開發,也仍有許多技術上的問題需要克服。本篇論文主要針對無線感測網路之ZigBee標準無線通訊協定來實作閘道器和飽和度分析,論文主要分為實作閘道器和飽和度分析兩部份,第一、實作ZigBee Gateway,希望能透過閘道器的特性,將ZigBee無線感測網路與網際網路做串連,讓遠端使用者透過網際網路就能夠登入ZigBee閘道器,並且可以監控ZigBee無線感測網路裡的感測器,進而達到Control Anywhere的目的。第二、欲利用飽和度分析來對ZigBee通訊協定做一個初步的探討,因為ZigBee通訊協定在碰撞偵測機制的選擇上,是使用類似無線網路的CSMA/CA碰撞機制,CSMA/CA碰撞機制則會有延遲性的問題,因此,本篇論文將利用資料長度、資料到達率和感測器數量這3個參數來進行實驗的分析,主要將針對Latency和Delivery ratio這兩個部份來分析,並且透過Latency和Delivery ratio所得之數據來分析參數之間的強弱關係,得知參數的強弱關係將可以在碰撞情形嚴重發生時,管理人員可以選擇改變參數的一個依據,也方便日後人員在研究ZigBee通訊協定和建置ZigBee的網路,可以有一個參考的方向。
With the progress of MEMS techniques and the development of wireless transmission technology, the application of wireless sensor networks is wide. Till now, there are still many applicable environments to be developed and also many technical problems to be overcome. This paper aims to address the gateway performance and the saturation analysis via ZigBee Standard Wireless Communication Protocol of wireless sensor networks. We have 2 parts as gateway performance and saturation analysis. First, ZigBee Gateway performance aims to connect ZigBee wireless sensor networks and internet via features of gateway to allow the remote users to log in ZigBee Gateway through internet and to monitor the sensor of ZigBee wireless sensor networks leading to the goal of Control Anywhere. Second, we employ the saturation analysis to make the initial discussion of ZigBee. Due to the selection of collision detection mechanism adopted by ZigBee is similar to CSMA/CA wireless collision mechanism which has the problem of delaying. Therefore, this paper utilizes three parameters: data length, data arrival rate and quantity of sensors to conduct the analysis of the test. We mainly analyze the latency and the delivery ratio and through the data from latency and delivery ratio to analyze the relation of parameters. Knowing the relation of parameters enables the management persons to select the alteration of parameters as the serious collision occurs and also offers the staff the reference direction to study ZigBee Protocol and to set ZigBee network.
論文審核通過書.............................I
中文摘要...................................II
英文摘要...................................III
誌 謝.....................................IV
第壹章、緒論...............................1
1.1 研究背景...............................1
1.2 研究動機與目的.........................2
第貳章、文獻探討...........................5
2.1 ZigBee標準通訊協定的介紹...............5
2.1.1 實體層...............................6
2.1.2 多媒體存取控制層.....................7
2.1.3 網路層...............................12
2.1.4 安全層...............................13
2.1.5 應用層...............................13
2.2 ZigBee閘道器的介紹.....................14
2.3 ZigBee Gateway產品.....................15
2.4 ZigBee閘道器...........................18
第參章、研究方法和實作.....................21
3.1 ZigBee Gateway的系統架構...............21
3.2 ZigBee Gateway及感測器的硬體...........22
3.2.1 ZigBee Gateway的硬體介紹.............22
3.2.2 感測器的硬體介紹.....................24
3.3 ZigBee Gateway的實作步驟...............26
3.3.1 ZigBee Gateway作業系統平台的建立.....26
3.3.2 服務的選擇...........................27
3.3.3 指令格式(Command Format)的制定.....28
3.3.4 資料的傳送與接收流程.................29
第肆章、飽和度分析(Saturation Analysis)...31
4.1實驗的硬體設備..........................31
4.2實驗的組態..............................31
4.3飽和度分析實驗..........................32
4.3.1飽和度分析-Latency分析...............32
4.3.2飽和度分析-Delivery Ratio分析........39
4.3.3結論 ..................................44
第伍章、未來方向與結論.....................45
參考文獻...................................47
附錄.......................................49
[1]IEEE 802.15.4, Wireless Medium Access Control(MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications for Low-Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (LR-WPANs). New York, NY: IEEE, October 2003.
[2]ZigBee Specification,ZigBee Alliance,June 20,2005.
[3]Chipcon, SmartRF CC2420 ZigBee Development Kit User Manual. Oslo, Norway, September 2004.
[4]Chipcon,Packet Sniffer for IEEE 802.15.4 and ZigBee User Manual. Oslo, Norway, October 2004.
[5]ZigBee Alliance,Gateway:Beyond the Sensor Network, Patrick Kinney,2004.
[6]Jin-Shyan Lee,”An Experiment on Performance Study of IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Network”in Proc. IEEE Int. Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation, Catania, Italy, Sept.2005, vol. 2, pp. 451-458.
[7]Smart Dust Project, http://robotics.eecs.berkeley.edu/~pister/SmartDust
[8]Technology Review, http://www.technologyreview.com
[9]IEEE 802.15 WPAN Task Group 4 (TG4), http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG4.html
[10]ZigBee Alliance, http://www.ZigBee.org
[11]Chipcon,http://www.chipcon.com/
[12]CIRRONET,http://www.cirronet.com/
[13]JDL,http://www.jdlsolutions.com/
[14]Serial Programming Guide for POSIX Operating System
http://www.easysw.com/~mike/serial/serial.html
[15]易聯康科技股份有限公司,http://www.elekconn.com
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