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研究生:吳建南
研究生(外文):Wu Chien-Nan
論文名稱:TRIZ與模組化之設計結構矩陣在產品開發之研究
論文名稱(外文):TRIZ Method and Design Structure Matrix of Modular Design for Products Development
指導教授:王中行王中行引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang Chung-Shing
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:137
中文關鍵詞:設計結構矩陣模組化設計迴避設計創新設計
外文關鍵詞:TRIZDSM
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:25
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在產品創新開發過程中,概念設計發展與整個設計專案之規劃能明確,將是影響產品開發進度之關鍵。研究上運用TRIZ創新法則之矛盾矩陣表與單一特性法則,以找出合適解決方法。再建構設計結構矩陣(Design Structure Matrix,DSM),經由矩陣分割與重新排序,表現各零組件之獨立性、相依性與交互作用關聯屬性。再藉由詮釋結構模式(Interpretive Structural Model,ISM),矩陣之列加總額D值與行加總額R值,運算轉換成元素分佈圖與繪製層級關係流程圖,以圖形理論模式獲得較佳模組分群。進而以模組化設計運用共同的零組件建構產品多樣化,以縮短產品開發時程,使企業保持競爭優勢與創新產品開發之目的。
本研究中所完成的具體成果如下:
1.運用TRIZ創新法則與結合專利迴避設計,協助設計師有效找出合適解決方法,於產品開發之概念設計。
2.建構設計結構矩陣,以表現各零組件的關聯性;並由詮釋結構模式之元素分佈圖與繪製層級關係流程圖,以圖形理論模式獲得較佳模組分群,作為模組化設計基礎並簡化組裝工作,使整個設計規劃能明確。
3.以自行車之花鼓模組與電動跑步機為例,說明運用模組化設計建構產品多樣化,並有效縮短產品開發時程。
關鍵字:設計結構矩陣、模組化設計、TRIZ、迴避設計、創新設計。
ABSTRACT

In an innovation development process, an explicit concept design and complete project development plan play significant roles in the pace of a product development. This study uses TRIZ innovation method to find appropriate solutions for work. In this study, it constructs a design structure matrix to show every work mission and to show the relationship between every product component. This matrix can help to rearrange and simplify the fabricate work. After constructing the design structure matrix, this study uses modular design to create the variety of products. The design structure matrix can help an enterprise to maintain their competitive strength and to complete the innovation product development through shorten the time that spent for new product development.

The following points are what have been done in this research:
1. Use “TRIZ innovation method” and “Patent Design Around” to help designer find proper solutions for work efficiently and then to develop design concept.
2. Construct a “Design Structure Matrix” to simplify the relationship between every product component in modular design.
3. This study uses bicycle component and motor treadmill as examples to discuss study issues.

Keywords: Design Structure Matrix, Modular Design, TRIZ, Design Around , Innovation Design
目 錄
誌 謝 v
中文摘要 vi
ABSTRACT vii
目 錄 viii
圖 目 錄 xi
表 目 錄 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1-1研究背景 1
1-2研究動機 3
1-3研究目的 4
1-4研究方法與步驟 5
1-5研究架構及流程圖 6
第二章 文獻探討 9
2-1創新設計 9
2-2TRIZ創新原理 15
2-2-1TRIZ創新原理概要 15
2-2-2矛盾矩陣表 15
2-2-3TRIZ創新設計流程 16
2-3專利迴避設計 20
2-3-1專利迴避設計流程 21
2-3-2專利檢索與分析 22
2-4設計結構矩陣 24
2-4-1設計結構矩陣關聯性 26
2-4-2設計結構矩陣形式分類 28
2-4-3設計結構矩陣之分割法則 29
2-4-4設計結構矩陣設計流程 31
2-5詮釋結構模式 35
2-5-1詮釋結構模式概要 35
2-5-2詮釋結構模式設計流程 35
2-6模組化設計 41
2-6-1模組化設計概要 42
2-6-2模組化設計組成要素 43
2-6-3模組化產品設計流程 44
2-7文獻小結 46
第三章 創新產品開發之概念設計 48
3-1TRIZ創新法則之概念設計 48
3-2TRIZ創新法則與矛盾矩陣 49
3-3TRIZ之單一特性法則 53
3-4TRIZ與專利迴避設計運用 55
第四章 創新產品之設計結構矩陣建構 64
4-1設計結構矩陣之表示法 64
4-2設計結構矩陣之分群方式 67
4-3設計結構矩陣之建構與運用 69
第五章 創新產品模組化設計 77
5-1 定義產品組裝模組 77
5-2產品模組組裝順序 79
5-3產品模組化設計之多樣化 81
第六章 實例驗證 84
6-1實例驗證之研究流程 84
6-2實例驗證案例說明 85
6-3分析問題與釐清設計目標 87
6-4電動跑步機之概念設計 88
6-5電動跑步機之設計結構矩陣建構 95
6-6電動跑步機之具體設計 109
第七章 結論與建議 121
7-1結論 121
7-2 後續研究 124
參考文獻 127
附錄A 136
參考文獻
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