跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.213.63.130) 您好!臺灣時間:2023/02/01 00:20
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:劉曉惠
研究生(外文):Pauline
論文名稱:基督教與儒家愛的表現之比較--以譚嗣同與DorothyDay的慈善行為為例
論文名稱(外文):Christian and Confucian Expressions of Love--The Work of Charity in the Lives of Tan Si Tong and Dorothy Day
指導教授:月白樺
指導教授(外文):Beverly Moon
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:宗教研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2006
畢業學年度:95
語文別:英文
論文頁數:122
中文關鍵詞:慈善君王譚嗣同
外文關鍵詞:charitykingDorothy DayTan Si Tong
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:530
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:133
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
  以宗教信仰為基礎所成立的慈善團體,在台灣隨處可見,舉凡基督教、佛教、諸般民間宗教名下,各類宗教機構,都在台灣社會各角落進行著慈善的工作。然而,在這許多的慈善機構中,卻獨不見以儒家之名成立的組織。並不比其他宗教少強調仁愛的儒家,何以未見其善行行於世,一如其他宗教?本論文試圖藉由回溯基督宗教與儒家的思想傳統,說明基督教與儒家皆有「慈善」的觀念,都強調行「慈善」的重要性,然而,他們卻分別發展出不同的行善方式,而這樣的分別,則是源自於兩個信仰傳統不同的世界觀,及其對「君王」此一宗教象徵不同的理解。
  在基督教傳統中,基督就是君王。但經由洗禮儀式,每個基督徒都被視之為「小基督」,也同時共享了君王的身份。基於此,基督吩咐其追隨者,幫助需要者,就是幫助基督,將可得到進入天國同為君王的賞賜。儒家則視君王為天在人世間的代表,因此,君王乃是人得與天相交通的中介。此外,眾人既皆源自同一個天,則服務百姓最好的方法,便是透過影響代表天的君王。基於對「君王」角色不同的理解,致使基督教徒傾向於以個人為服務對象,儒家則多偏重於對政治活動的關注。
  本文以The Catholic Worker Movement創立者Dorothy Day及晚清重要儒家烈士譚嗣同為例,分別檢視其二人從各自的宗教傳統中所接受的,對於「慈善」觀念的教導,並介紹二人是如何由這樣的教導發展出自己的慈善行為。
  本論文共分四章。第一章介紹本文研究動機,基督教與儒家的慈善觀,Dorothy Day及譚嗣同的簡略生平,本文所採研究方法,及文獻回顧。第二章詳述Dorothy Day的生平,其慈善行為,及其慈善行為背後的基督教宗教傳統。第三章詳述譚嗣同的生平,其慈善行為,及其慈善行為背後的儒家思想傳統。第四章結論。
As a practice based on religious teachings, charity plays a key role in various religions serving our society. For example, Christians have established numerous charitable organizations by following their belief. At the same time, it’s hard to find similar institutions founded by Confucians, even though they, like Christians, believe in helping others. The goal of this thesis is to understand why this is so. We discover that whereas both Christianity and Confucianism emphasize the importance of charity, the two traditions have developed totally different ways to practice charity. Further, this difference in practice is influenced by the symbolism of the king, as it is found in either tradition.
In Christian symbolism, Christ is the king; but through baptism each person becomes identified with Christ, which includes sharing in his role as king. Likewise Jesus told his followers that in helping the one in need they were at the same time helping him. In contrast, Confucian symbolism sees the king’s job as representing the will of the divine (Heaven) on earth. It is by way of the king that the people are connected to the source of all that is good. Therefore, in serving the king one serves the people. Based on these different understandings of the symbolism of the king, Christians tend to pay more attention to helping individual persons when they practice charity, whereas Confucians are more inclined to take political action.
In order to understand charity as found in Christianity and Confucianism my thesis is a comparative-historical study focusing on two representative examples from modern history: Dorothy Day (founder of the Catholic Worker Movement in New York City) and Tan Si Tong (social reformer and martyr). First, I examine how their religious traditions interpret charity; then, I demonstrate how each tradition influences the expression of charity. By means of this comparative-historical study, we also deepen our understanding of the universal religious theme of charity.
There are four chapters in my thesis: the first chapter offers the motives underlying this research, the meaning of charity in both Christianity and Confucianism, a brief introduction to Dorothy Day and Tan Si Tong, plus methodological explanations. The following two chapters focus first on Dorothy Day and then on Tan Si Tong, especially the religious origins and expression of their acts of charity. Some reflections about the religious theme of charity and the important symbol of the king conclude the thesis.
Table of Contents

I. The Theme of Charity 2
• Research Motives 5
• Charity in Christianity and Confucianism 7
• Two Examples of Charity 14
• The Symbolism of the King 19
• The Comparative-Historical Method 25
• Secondary Sources 27

II. Dorothy Day 35
• The Life of Dorothy Day 35
• Charitable Works in the Life of Dorothy Day 42
• Religious Foundations of Dorothy Day’s Charity 54

III. Tan Si Tong 67
• The Life of Tan Si Tong 67
• Charitable Works in the Life of Tan Si Tong 81
• Religious Foundations of Tan Si Tong’s Charity 93

IV. Concluding Reflections on Charity 109

Bibliographies 116
Bibliographies

English
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich. The Cost of Discipleship. Trans., Deng Zhaoming, Gu Leren. Hong Kong: Tao Sheng`, 1996.
Ching, Julia. Confucianism and Christianity. New York: Kodansha International, 1978.
Coles, Robert. Dorothy Day: A Radical Devotion. Reading, Mass.: Perseus, 1987.
Day, Dorothy. From Union Square to Rome. Silver Spring, Md.: Preservation of the Faith Press, 1938.
_____________. House of Hospitality. Lanham, Md.: Sheed and Ward, 1939.
____________. The Long Loneliness. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1952.
___________. Loaves and Fishes. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 1997.
___________. On Pilgrimage. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Wm. B. Eerdmans, 1948.
___________. On Pilgrimage: The Sixties. New York: Curtis Books, 1972.
___________. Selected Writings. Maryknoll, N.Y.: Orbis, 2001.
___________. Therese. Springfield: Templegate Publishers, 1979.
Eliade, Mircea. Patterns In Comparative Religion. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.
______________. The Sacred and the Profane: The Nature of Religion. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1959.
Fisher, James Terence. The Catholic Counterculture in America, 1933–1962. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1989.
Forest, Jim. Love is the Measure: Biography of Dorothy Day. New York: Paulist Press, 1986.
Hooper, Leon J. “Dorothy Day’s Transposition of Therese’s ‘Little Way’.” Theological Studies 63/1 (March 2002): 68-86.
Jackson, Timothy. Love Disconsoled. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.
Jordan, Louis H. Comparative Religion: Its Genesis and Growth. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1905.
Kidd, Reggie M. Wealth and Beneficence in the Pastoral Epistles. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990.
Küng, Hans, and Julia Ching. Christianity and Chinese Religions. New York: Doubleday, 1989.
Merriman, Brigid O’Shea. Searching for Christ: The Spirituality of Dorothy Day. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.
Merton, Thomas. The Hidden Ground of Love. New York: Farrar Straus Giroux, 1985.
________________. New Seeds of Contemplation. Boston: Shambhala, 2003.
Miller, William D. Dorothy Day. San Francisco: Harper & Row Publishers, 1982.
Mountin, Susan, Phillip M. Runkel, and William J. Thorn, eds. Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker Movement: Centenary Essays. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2001.
Otto, Rudolf. Mysticism East and West. New York: Macmillan, 1972.
Roberts, Nancy L. Dorothy Day and the Catholic Worker. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1984.
Romanyshyn, John M. Social Welfare: Charity to Justice. New York: Random House, 1971.
Roetz, Heiner. Confucian Ethics of the Axial Age. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.
Sharpe, Eric J. Comparative Religion. London: Duckworth Publishers, 1975.
Smart, Ninian. “Comparative-Historical Method.” In The Encyclopedia of Religion, 3: 571-574. New York: Macmillan, 1987.
Szuma Chien. “Confucius,” in Records of the Historian, 1-27. Hong Kong: Commercial Press, 1974.
Thérèse of Lisieux. The Autography of St. Thérèse of Lisieux: The Story of a Soul. New York: Doubleday, 1989.
Troeltsch, Ernst. The Social Teaching of the Christian Churches. Hong Kong: Chinese Christian Literature Council, 1991.
Tu Wei Ming. Centrality and Commonality: An Essay on Chung-yung. Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii, 1976.
______________. Centrality and Commonality: An Essay on Confucian Religiousness. Albany, N.Y.: State University of New York Press, 1989.
Tucker, Mary Evelyn. “Religious Dimensions of Confucianism: Cosmology and Cultivation,” Philosophy East & West, 48/1(Jan. 1998), 5-45.
Viviano, Benedict T. The Kingdom of God in History. Wilmington, Del.: Michael Glazier, 1988.
Zlomislic, Marko, and David Goicoechea, eds. Jen, Agape, Tao with Tu Wei-Ming. New York: Blobal Publications, 1999.

Chinese
Cai Zhen Xing 蔡振興. “Renren jie ke wei jidu ma? Jidu zongjiao yu dangdai xinrujia huitong duihua zhi quanshi” 人人皆可為基督嗎?:基督宗教與當代新儒家會通對話之詮釋 (Whether everybody can become a Christ? A Christian and Neo-Confucian dialogue). M.A. thesis, Fujen University, 2002.
Cong Ri Yun 叢日云. Zai shangdi yu kaisa zhi jian: jidujiao eryuan zhengzhiguan yu jindai ziyouzhuyi 在上帝與凱撒之間: 基督教二元政治觀與近代自由主義 (Choosing between God and Caesar: two Christian orientations vis-à-vis politics in contemporary liberalism). Taibei: Rive Gauche Publishing House, 2004.
Gong Zi Zhen 龔自珍. Gong Ding An quanji lei bian 龔定庵全集類編 (The collected works of Gong Ding An). Taibei: World Bookstore, 1973.
Guo Ting Yi 郭廷以. Jindai zhongguo shi gang 近代中國史綱 (An outline of modern Chinese history). Hong Kong: Chinese University of Hong Kong, 1989.
Jin Chun Zhi 金春植. “Zhang Zai qihualun zhi yanjiu” 張載氣化論之研究 (The structure of Zhang Zai’s theory about qi). M.A. thesis, Chengchi University, 1999.
Jin Yao Ji 金耀基. Zhongguo zhengzhi yu wenhua 中國政治與文化 (Chinese politics and culture). Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Kang Wan Ling 康婉玲, “Tang Dai xiayi wenxue yanjiu” 唐代俠義文學研究 (A study of the chivalrous literature of the Tang Dynasty; M.A. thesis, Feng Chia University, 2002).
Li Ze Hou 李澤厚. Zhongguo jindai sixiangshi lun 中國近代思想史論 (A history of modern Chinese thought). Taibei: Storm & Stress Publishing, 1990.
Liang Qi Chao 梁啟超. Qing Dai xueshu gailun 清代學術概論 (A general introduction to the scholarship of the Qing Dynasty). Taibei: Commercial Press, 1994.
Lin Bao Chun 林保淳. Jingshi sixiang yu wenxue jingshi 經世思想與文學經世 (The thought and literature of statecraft). Taibei: Wenchin Publishers, 1991.
Lin Dao Liang 林道亮. Guodu de zhenli 國度的真理 (The truth of the kingdom of God). Taibei: China Evangelical Seminary Publisher, 1988.
Lin Zai Jue 林載爵. Tan Si Tong 譚嗣同 (A biography of Tan Si Tong). Taibei: Commercial Press, 1987.
Liu Guang Ding 劉廣定. “Fu Lan Ya: shi jiu shi ji kexue chuan ru zhongguo de gongchen” 傅蘭雅—十九世紀科學傳入中國的功臣 (John Fryer: a meritous statesman introduces science in nineteenth-century China), Science Monthly, 142 (October 1981), n.p.
Mou Zhong San 牟宗三. Daode de lixiangzhuyi 道德的理想主義 (The idealism of morality). Taibei: Student Books, 1992.
Qian Mu 錢穆. Cong zhongguo lishi lai kan zhongguo minzuxing ji zhongguo wenhua 從中國歷史來看中國民族性及中國文化 (Analyzing the characteristics and culture of the Chinese from the perspective of Chinese history). Taibei: Linking Books, 1999.
__________. Zhongguo jin san bai nian xueshushi 中國近三百年學術史 (A history of Chinese scholarship in the last three hundred years). Taibei: Commercial Press, 1990.
Sa Meng Wu 薩孟武. Rujia zhenglun yanyi 儒家政論衍義 (The Confucian view of politics). Taibei: Dangda Publisher, 1982.
Tan Si Tong 譚嗣同. Tan Si Tong quanji 譚嗣同全集 (The collected works of Tan Si Tong). Taibei: Chinese World Bookstore, 1977.
Wang Yue 王樾. Tan Si Tong bianfa sixiang yanjiu 譚嗣同變法思想研究 (A study of Tan Si Tong’s reformative thought). Taibei: Student Books, 1990.
Xiao Gong Quan 蕭公權. Zhongguo zhengzhi sixiang shi 中國政治思想史 (A history of political thought in China). Taibei: Linking Books, 1989.
Xie Gui Wen 謝貴文. “Tan Si Tong renxue sixiang yanjiu” 譚嗣同仁學思想研究 (A study of the thought in Tan Si Tong’s The theory of ren). M.A. thesis, Sun Yat-sen University, 1999.
Xu Fu Guan 徐復觀. Zhongguo sixingshi lun ji 中國思想史論集 (Collected essays on the history of Chinese thought). Taibei: Students Books, 1979.
Yao Xin Zhong 姚新中. Rujiao yu jidujiao 儒教與基督教 (Confucianism and Christianity). Beijing: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2002.
Yu Ying Shi 余英時. Song Ming lixue yu zhengzhi wenhua 宋明理學與政治文化 (Song and Ming Dynasty Neo-Confucianism and political culture). Taibei: Asian Culture Press, 2004.
Zhang De Sheng 張德勝. Rujia lunli yu zhixu qingjie 儒家倫理與秩序情結 (Confucian ethics and the order fixation). Taibei: Juliu Publisher, 1991.
Zhang Hao 張灝. Jindai zhongguo sixing renwu lun: wan qing sixing 近代中國思想人物論: 晚清思想 (A discussion of the thoughts and personages of contemporary China: the thought of late Qing Dynasty). Taibei: China Times, 1980.
________________. Lieshi jingshen yu pipan yishi 烈士精神與批判意識 (The martyr’s spirit and critical consciousness). Taibei: Linking Books, 1985.
Zhou Shi Qin 周世欽. “Kongzi renxue yanjiu” 孔子仁學研究 (A study of Confucius’ theory about ren). M.A. thesis, Hsuan Chuang University, 2002.
Zhu Xi, ed. 朱熹. Sishu zhang ju ji zhu 四書章句集注 (Explanation of the Four books). Taibei: Daan Publisher, 1987.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top