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研究生:廖千謙
研究生(外文):Katherion
論文名稱:國際政治中的倡議網絡-以人權非政府組織為例
論文名稱(外文):international political advocacy networks- take the human rights non-governmental organizations as an example
指導教授:袁鶴齡袁鶴齡引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:政治學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:國際政治人權非政府組織
外文關鍵詞:NGOGlobalizationnetwork
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伴隨著全球化的發展,現實主義定義的國際政治(即由國家所主導的世界政治)受到全球變遷的衝擊,國家不再只是國際政治中的唯一行為體。大量的非國家行為體加入國際事務的範圍中,使全球治理的概念得到萌芽,也日益引起國際社會的關注。這些加入國際政治的非國家行為體經由訊息傳遞與跨國的聯繫,形成所謂的跨國的「倡議網絡」(advocacy networks),對國家發生些許的影響。然而,在這樣的國際情勢之下,非國家行為體在國際上究竟發揮什麼作用?影響的程度又有多廣呢?這個網絡的存在對國家發生怎樣的影響?這似乎並無一個明確而清晰的答案,因此,本研究試圖從非政府組織(Non-Governmental Organizations, NGO)所組成的國際倡議網絡之運作來理解國際政治中的非政府組織究竟為國際事務注入何種力量。然而,將焦點集中在眾多類型的非政府組織未免失之過廣,故而研究僅將焦點集中在人權非政府組織,並以此討論非政府組織在國際政治的運作中所發生的作用。
本研究在探討,在有關國際人權議題中,非政府組織網絡在所參與的事務中與國家是如何互動的?是合作還是抗爭?除了國家之外,人權非政府組織與聯合國或其他國際政治行為體之間的關係也可以看出非政府組織在國際政治環境中的角色和地位,以釐清非政府組織在國際政治中令人模糊的印象,並理解非政府組織之角色定位何在。但本研究中並非試圖證明國家能力衰退或終結,而是從人權非政府組織的部分作為出發來理解國際社會變遷的情況,並豐富對於國際事務理解的程度。
Receives global vicissitude the impact, the country no longer is only in the international political only behavior body.The massive non- national behavior body joins the international affairs in the scope, enable the global government the concept to obtain the seed, day by day also arouses international society's interest.
These join international political the non- national behavior body by way of the news transmission and the transnational relation, forms the so-called transnational advocacy networks, has the trifle influence to the country.However, under such international circumstance, actually the non- national behavior body in on international displays what to affect? The influence degree also has broadly?
Therefore, this research attempts the international advocacy networks which composes from the non-governmental organizations to operate understood actually in international political the non- official organization does pour into what kind of strength for the international affairs.
The research only concentrates the focal point in the human rights non-governmental organizations , and to this discusses the non-governmental organizations the function which occurs in the international political operation.
第一章 緒論............................................1
第一節 研究動機與目的................................1
第二節 研究問題......................................4
第三節 研究架構......................................5
第四節 研究方法與分析的途徑.........................13
第五節 章節安排.....................................14

第二章 文獻回顧.......................................17
第一節 非政府組織研究之學術發展史回顧...............17
第二節 非政府組織研究之學術發展趨勢.................19
第三節 非政府組織之主要研究面向.....................20
第四節 社會建構主義之理論回顧.......................24
第五節 國際社會化之理論回顧.........................27

第三章 非政府組織與人權...............................31
第一節 非政府組織與國際非政府組織...................31
第二節 人權非政府組織簡介...........................46
第三節 人權非政府組織參與全球事務的方式.............57
第四節 人權非政府組織的發展.........................60
第五節 人權非政府組織在國際政治中發揮的作用.........77
第六節 人權非政府組織的侷限性.......................82

第四章 跨國倡議網絡...................................85
第一節 何謂跨國倡議網絡.............................85
第二節 跨國倡議網絡如何出現.........................88
第三節 跨國倡議網絡如何運用手段.....................93
第四節 網絡發揮影響之條件...........................97

第五章 案例分析......................................101
第一節 女權的跨國倡議網絡..........................101
第二節 國際禁雷運動與國家的社會化..................114

第六章 結論..........................................129
第一節 對跨國倡議網絡的評價........................129
第二節 跨國倡議網絡對國際社會的意義................131
第三節 研究發現....................................134
第四節 預期之學術貢獻與研究限制....................137
第五節 未來研究方向與建議..........................139

參考書目.............................................141
壹 中文書籍

王杰、張志洲與張海濱編,2004,《全球治理中的國際非政府組織》。北京:北京大學。
王勇、門洪華與王榮軍譯,Joseph S. Nye編,2003,《全球化世界的治理》。北京:世界知識。
王振軒著,2003,《人道救援的理論與實務》。台中:必中。
門洪華譯,Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye著,2002,《權力與相互依賴》。北京:北京大學。
信強譯,Kenneth Waltz著,2003,《國際政治理論》。上海:人民。
俞可平主編,2003,《全球化:全球治理》。北京:社會科學文獻。
袁正清譯,Martha Finnemore著,2001,《國際社會中的國家利益》。浙江:人民。
高德源譯,David P. Forsythe著,2002,《人權與國際關係》。台北:弘智文化。
張勝軍、劉小林譯,James Rosenau著,2001,《沒有政府的治理》。江西:人民。
許玉雯譯,Noreena Hertz著,2003,《當企業購併國家:全球資本主義與民主之死》。台北:經濟新潮社。
郭樹勇譯,2002,Richard Ashley著,《新現實主義及其批評》。北京,北京大學。
劉貞曄著,2005,《國際政治領域中的非政府組織:一種互動關係的分析》。天津:人民。
趨黎青著,1998,《非政府組織與可持續發展》。北京:經濟科學。
韓昭穎譯,Margaret E. Keck、Kathryn Sikkink著,2004,《跨越國界的行動者:國際政治中的倡議網絡》。北京:北京大學。
蘇長和譯,Robert O. Keohane著,2001,《霸權之後:國際政治經濟中的合作與紛爭》。上海:人民。


貳 西文部分

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(Ⅲ) Documents

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