跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.221.73.157) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/22 23:11
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:詹森富
研究生(外文):Sen-Fu Chan
論文名稱:以熱均壓法強化複合工具鋼之特性研究
論文名稱(外文):Strengthening of Composite Tool Steels by Hot Isostatic Pressing
指導教授:唐自標陳貞光
口試委員:張世賢陳適範徐開鴻
口試日期:2007-06-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:材料科學與工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:工具鋼強度碳化鈦熱均壓緻密性封罐腐蝕
外文關鍵詞:tool steelstrengthTiChot isostatic pressdensificationencapsulationcorrosion
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:305
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著科技文明的發展,工業上對複合工具鋼的要求日漸提高;就工具鋼而言,其本身具有較高的強度與韌性,在工具鋼內添加入一些硬質的碳化物如碳化鈦、碳化鎢、碳化釩、碳化鈮及碳化鉻等等,便可同時獲得具有工具鋼韌性與硬質碳化物的高硬度新材料。複合工具鋼經由粉末熱均壓製程後,可以製造出高合金化、高緻密性及化學均一性之產品,且具有細緻的晶粒結構和均向性的機械性質。本研究將碳化鈦粉分別加入高釩及高鉻工具鋼金屬粉混合封罐後,進行熱均壓處理,以孔隙率、硬度試驗、三點抗彎強度試驗、顯微組織觀察及腐蝕試驗進行分析,來探討熱均壓製程對於複合工具鋼強化的效果。由研究結果我們可得知,經由熱均壓處理後,不規則角狀碳化鈦的添加後可以讓燒結體達到99.9%以上之理論密度。碳化鈦也可使其硬度明顯增加,微幅提高燒結體之衝擊值。在腐蝕試驗中,對於H2SO4的腐蝕液,燒結體可形成鈍態膜,使得其對於H2SO4的抗腐蝕性較好,反之在FeCl3腐蝕液中,因為氯離子的作用,容易形成蝕洞之現象,所以對於FeCl3抗腐蝕效果最差。
Tool steels in tradition are characteristic of excellent rigidity and toughness. The addition of hard carbides such as TiC WC, VC, NbC, and Cr3C2, etc. can further improve their strength and toughness. The hot isostatic press (HIP) treatments are often applied to achieve higher densification and chemical homogeneity product. In this study, TiC powders are added to two different types of high vanadium tool steel powders for canning. The encapsulation is then HIPped for densification. The density and mechanical properties of these composite tool steels are characterized. Product densification of over 99.9% theoretical density was obtained. Its hardness has shown to increase effectively by TiC addition. The sintered bodies generate the passive layer which demonstrate best corrosion resistance in H2SO4 . In contrast, the sintered bodies form pits in the FeCl3 corrosive solution.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 粉末冶金的發展 4
2.2 粉末的製備方式 5
2.2.1 氣噴霧法 5
2.2.2 水噴霧法 6
2.2.3 機械法 7
2.3 複合工具鋼之發展 7
2.3.1 金屬╱陶瓷複合材料製程上困難 8
2.4 工具鋼之種類 9
2.4.1 碳工具鋼 9
2.4.2 合金工具鋼 9
2.4.3 高速鋼 10
2.5 鐵合金 11
2.5.1 不�袗� 11
2.6 各種元素對工具鋼之影響 12
2.7 粉末燒結原理 15
2.7.1 燒結溫度 15
2.7.2 燒結時間 16
2.7.3 液相燒結 16
2.7.4 液相在固相表面的潤溼情形 17
2.7.5 液相燒結三階段 18
2.8 燒結製程 19
2.9 燒結陶金超硬材料 20
2.10 熱均壓發展 20
2.11 熱均壓設備 21
2.11.1 壓力容器與爐體構造 21
2.12 熱均壓(Hot Isostatic Pressing)技術 22
2.13 熱均壓之封裝罐 24
2.14 熱均壓製造方法 25
2.14.1 金屬包層法 25
2.14.2 玻璃包層法 26
2.14.3 玻璃浴壓法 26
2.14.4 蒸鍍法 26
2.15 TiC強化相 26
2.16 金屬基複合材料之腐蝕行為及種類 28
2.16.1 全面腐蝕 28
2.16.2 孔蝕 29
2.16.3 龜裂腐蝕 29
2.16.4 應力腐蝕 29
2.16.5 粒界腐蝕 29
第三章 實驗設備與方法 31
3.1 實驗材料 31
3.2 實驗流程 31
3.2.1 混合粉末 32
3.2.2 封罐製程 33
3.2.3 熱均壓成型(HIP) 34
3.2.4 淬火及回火熱處理 37
3.3 材料分析 37
3.3.1 燒結體相對密度及孔隙度之量測 37
3.3.2 硬度量測 38
3.3.3 三點抗彎強度試驗 38
3.3.4 衝擊試驗 38
3.3.5 腐蝕量測 41
3.3.6 SEM觀察 41
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 粉末粒徑與外觀 43
4.2 混合粉末 48
4.3 熱均壓後之罐體與顯微組織觀察 52
4.4 封罐過程及優點 56
4.5 性質量測 57
4.5.1 密度 57
4.5.2 硬度 59
4.5.3 抗彎強度量測 60
4.5.4 衝擊值量測 62
4.6 破斷面觀察 64
4.6.1 抗彎試驗破斷面 64
4.6.2 衝擊試驗破斷面 69
4.7 腐蝕量測 75
4.7.1 HCl腐蝕 75
4.7.2 H2SO4腐蝕 78
4.7.3 FeCl3腐蝕 81
5 第五章 結論 87
參考文獻 89
[1]J.M. Panchal, T. Vela, T. Robisch, ”Ferro-TiC metal matrix composites for high performance tooling and engineering applications,” ASM International Metals Park, OH,1990, pp.245-260.
[2]G.C. Goetzel, in: Cermets, Reinhold, New York, 1960, pp.130–146.
[3]B.K. Lograsso, R.M. German, Prog. Powder Metallurgy, vol. 43, 1987, pp.415-439
[4]J. Lee, K. Euh, S. Lee , N. J. Kim, ”Microstructural analysis of TiC reinforced ferrous surface composites processed by accelerated electron beam irradiation,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 1, 2001, pp.467–471.
[5]G. Das, K. S. Mazdiyasni, H.A. Lipsitt, ”Mechanical properties of polycrystalline TiC,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 65, no. 2 ,1982, pp.592–597.
[6]J.M. Panchal, T. Vela, T. Robisch, in: Advances in Powder Metallurgy and Particulate Materials – 1992, vol. 8, Metal Powder Industries Federation and American Powder Metallurgy Institute, Priceton, NJ, 1993, pp. 125–140.
[7]S.B Wu, R.J. Araenault, ”Fracture mode in SiC-Al composites,” Materials Science and Engineering, vol. A138, no. 1, 1991, pp.227-235.
[8]J.C. Ehrstrom, W.H. Kool, “Production of rapidiy solidified Al/SiC composites,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 23,no. 9, 1998, pp.3195-3201 .
[9]D. L. Davidson , “Effect of particulate SiC on fatigue crack growth in a cast-extrud -ed aluminum alloy composite,” Metallurgical Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 22A, no. 1, 1991, pp.97-112.
[10]C.X. Li, T. Bell, ” Corrosion properties of plasma nitrided AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel in 3.5% NaCl and 1% HCl aqueous solutions,” Corrosion Science, vol. 48, 2006, pp.2036–2049.
[11]H. T. Larker, R. Lundberg , “Near net shape production of monolithic and composite high temperature ceramics by hot isostatic pressing (HIP),” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 19, 1999, pp.2367-2373.
[12]K. Lee, C.Y. Son, J. S. Kim, S Lee, K. Y. Kima, C. P. Kim , “Hardness and corrosion resistance of steel-based surface composites fabricated with Fe-based metamorphic powders by high-energy electron beam irradiation,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 201, no. 3-4, 2006, pp.835–841
[13]W.B. Kim, B.J. Ye, S. Yi, “Amorphous phase formation in a Ni-Zr-Al-Y alloy system,” Metals and Materials International, vol.10, no. 1, 2004,pp.1-5.
[14]H. T. Larker, “Hot isostatic pressing of creamic powders to dense ceramic parts ,” Industrial Heating, vol. 51, no.1,1984, pp.39-40,42.
[15]黃坤祥,粉末冶金學,新竹縣竹東鎮:中華民國粉末冶金協會,2001,第2-6頁。
[16]G.S. Upadhyaya, Sintered Metallic and Ceramic Materials, New York: Wiley, 2000, pp.1-18.
[17]M. Randall, German, Powder Metallurgy Science, N.J.: Metal Powder Industries Federation, 1994, pp.100-106.
[18]Y. Kato, “New atomization process dvevloped by pamco,” Powder Injection Molding Technologies, R.M. German, H. Wiesner, R.G. Cornwall des., Innovative Materials Solutious, Inc., State College, PA, 1998, pp.45-55.
[19]G. Santhoff., “Intermetallic phase-materials developments and prospects,” Z. Metallkde, 1989, pp.337.
[20]L. Xiao, Y.S. Kim, R. Abbaschian, R.J. Hecht, “Processing and mechanical properties of niobium-reinforced MoSi2 composites,” Materials Science and Engineering, vol. A144, no. 1-2, 1991,pp.277-285.
[21]T.C. Lu, A.G. Evans, R.J. Hecht, R. Mehrabian, “Toughening of MoSi2 with a ductile (niobium) reinforcement” Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, vol. 39, no. 8, 1991 , pp.1853-1862.
[22]M.J. Maloney, R.J. Hetcht, High Temperature Structural Silicades, Amsterdam , 1992, pp.19.
[23]V.C. Nardone, J.R. Strife, “NiAl-based microstructurally toughened composites
,“ Metallurgical Transactions. A, Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science, vol. 22 A, no. 1,1991, pp.183-189
[24]M. Kok, “Production and mechanical properties of Al2O3 particle-reinforced 2024 aluminium alloy composites,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 161, no. 3, 2005, pp381-387
[25]呂璞石、黃振賢,金屬材料,台北:文京圖書,1990,第163-255頁。
[26]熱處理編輯委員會,李正國主編,熱處理。台北:高立圖書,1996,第336-351頁。
[27]薛毓文,燒結氣氛與急冷處理對不�袗�抗蝕性之影響,碩士論文,國立台灣大學材料科學與工程學研究所,台北,2002。
[28]W.D.Callister, Jr. Materials Science and Engineering and Tntroduction 5th ed, John wiley & Sons,1999, pp.361-363, 386, 92-102
[29]黃振賢,金屬熱處理,台北,文京圖書,1986,第497-501頁。
[30]黃語順,冶金與熱處理,台北:五洲出版社,1982,第225-228頁。
[31]劉偉隆,林淳杰,曾春風,陳文照,物理冶金,台北:全華,2000,第12-24-12-26頁。
[32]M. W. Barsoum, Fundamentals of Ceramics, New York:McGraw-Hill, 1997, pp. 371-373.
[33]R. M. German, Sintering Theory and Practice, New York : Wiley, 1996, pp.272- 312.
[34]H. Berns, B. Werwers,”Development of an abrasion resistant steel composite with in situ TiC particles,” Wear, vol. 251, 2001, pp.1386-1395.
[35]E. Pagounis, V. K. Lindroos, “Processing and properties of particulate reinforced steel matrix composites,” Materials Science and Engineering, vol. A246, no. 1-2, 1998, pp.221-234.
[36]T.Z. Kattamis, T. Suganuma, “Solidification processing and tribological behavior of particulate TiC-ferrous matrix composites,” Materials Science and Engineering, vol. A A128, no. 2, 1990, pp.241-252.
[37]M. Vardavoulias, C. Jouanny-Tresy, M. Jeandin, “Sliding-wear behaviour of ceramic particle-reinforced high-speed steel obtained by powder metallurgy,” Wear, vol. 165, no. 2, 1993, pp.141-149
[38]E. Pagounis,M. Talvitie,V. K. Lindroos,”Influence of the metal/ceramic interface on the microstructure and mechanical properties of HIPed iron-based composites,”
Composites Science and Technology, vol. 56, no. 11, 1996, pp.1329-133.
[39]F.F. Lange, L. Atteraas, F. Zok, J.R. Porter, “Deformation consolidation of metal powders containing steel inclusions,” Acta Metallurgica et Materialia, vol. 39, no. 2, 1991,pp.209-219.
[40]R. Zallen, Physics of Amorphous Solids, 1983, New York: Wiley, Chap.4 .
[41]http://www.edelstahl-witten-krefeld.de/upload/binarydata_ewkinterd4cms/1353/ferro-titanit_datenbl_titel_e.pdf。
[42]http://www.kuksung.co.kr/。
[43]http://www.alloytic.co.kr/。
[44]C.P. Sullivan, “Microstructure and mechanical properties of iron-base superall- oys ,“ Metal Engineering Quarterly, 1971, pp.1-11.
[45]汪建民主編,粉末冶金技術手冊,新竹縣竹東鎮:中華民國粉末冶金協會,1999,第23-49,65-66,137,377頁。
[46]K. T. Kim, Y.C. Jeon, ”Densification behavior and grain growth of tool steel powder under high temperature,” Acta Materialia, vol. 46, no. 16, 1998, pp.5745-5754
[47]G. Le Marois, ”HIPing of copper alloys to stainless steel,” Journal of Nuclear Materials 233-237, no. PART II, 1996, pp.927-931.
[48]A. K. Westman, T. Larker, ”Interaction of encapsulation glass and silicon nitride ceramic during HIPing,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 19,no. 16,1999, pp.2739-2746.
[49]J.M. Gentzbittel, I. Chu, H. Burlet, ”The effect of hot isostatic pressing parameters on microstructure and mechanical properties of Eurofer powder HIPed material,” Journal of Nuclear Materials vol. 307-311, no.1, 2002, pp.540-543.
[50]Prepared under the direction of the ASM InternationalHandbook Committee, ASM HAND BOOK, Materials Park, OH : ASM International, 1992, vol. 3.
[51]L.H.Hihara, R.M.Latanision, “Corrosion of metal matrix composites,” International Materials Reviews, Vol.39, No.6, 1994 , pp.245-264.
[52]黃錫鐃,材料實驗, 台北:新文京,2004,第113頁。
[53]B.M. Praveen, T.V. Venkatesha, Y. Arthoba Naik, K. Prashantha, “Corrosion studies of carbon nanotubes–Zn composite coating,” Surface and Coatings Technology, Vol. 201, no 12 , 2007, pp.5836-5842
[54]J.Hersey, Ordered Mixing: A New Concept in Powder Mixing Practice, Powder Tech, vol. 11, 1975, pp.41-4.
[55]曾博義,以熱均壓處理強化添加TiC微粉之高釩工具鋼,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學材料及資源工程系,台北,2004。
[56]林全基,以熱均壓處理強化添加TiC微粉之高鉻不�袗�研究,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學材料及資源工程系,台北,2005。
[57]J.Hersey, Partially Ordered Randomised Powder Mixture,Powder Tech, vol. 24, 1979, pp.251-256.
[58]M. Brach, V. Medri, A. Bellosi, “Corrosion of pressureless sintered ZrB2–MoSi2 composite in H2SO4 aqueous solution,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 27, no. 2-3, 2007, pp.1357-1360.
[59]T. K. Bandyopadhyay, K. Das, “Synthesis and characterization of TiC-reinforced iron-based composites Part II on mechanical characterization,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 39, no. 21, 2004, pp.6503 – 6508.
[60]M. O. Speidel, “Properties and Applications of High Nitrogen Steels,” High Nitrogen Steels 88, Proceedings of the International Conference on High Nitrogen Steels, London: The Institute of Metals, 1989, pp. 92-96
[61]J.W. Simmons, High-Nitrogen Alloying of Stainless Steels, Microstructual Science, Metals Park, OH: ASM International,1994, Vol.21, pp.33-35
[62]R. F. Decker, “Alloy design, using second phases,” Metallurgical and Materials Transactions, vol. 4, no.11, 1973, pp.2495-2518.
[63]A. Stainley, F. Paul, M.S. Weihrauch, “Low cost P/M manufacture of titanium alloy matrix composites reinforced with ceramic and intermetallic particles,” Advances in Powder Metallurgy & Particulate Materials,vol.6,1993, pp.121-133.
[64]M. Besterci, M. Slesar and G. Jangg, “Structure and properties of dispersion hardened Al–Al4C3 materials,” Powder Metallurgy International ,vol.24, 1992, pp. 27–32.
[65]張世賢,Inconel 718與713LC超合金熱均壓製程參數及特性研究,博士論文,成功大學,材料科學及工程研究所,台南,2006。
[66]朱榮聰,不同粉末成形過程中混合TiC和燒結氣氛控制對316L不�袗�性質影響之研究,碩士論文,私立義守大學,材料科學與工程學系,高雄,2003。
[67]M. G. Fontana, Corrosion Engineering, New York:McGraw-Hill, 1987, pp. 63-69.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊