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研究生:李秀利
研究生(外文):Lee Hsiou-Li
論文名稱:第2型糖尿病患者攝取米麩穀粉對糖化血色素值及胰島素敏感性之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of rice bran supplement on glycated hemoglobin and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic patients.
指導教授:鄭心嫻 
指導教授(外文):Cheng Hsing-Hsien Ph.D
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北醫學大學
系所名稱:保健營養學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:84
中文關鍵詞:米麩榖粉糖化血色素胰島素敏感性脂肪締素第2型糖尿病患
外文關鍵詞:rice bran flourglycated hemoglobininsulin sensitivityadiponectintype 2 diabetes
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 下載下載:254
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
第2型糖尿病患者 (type 2 diabetes mellitus) 血漿中Adiponectin含量較低,且血漿Resistin及C-reactive protein (CRP) 濃度較高。因此,本研究欲探討第2型糖尿病患者每天攝取38公克米麩榖粉 (富含膳食纖維) 為期12週,對血糖、糖化血色素、Adiponectin、Resistin及CRP含量及胰島素敏感性的影響。本研究是採取隨機、雙盲、交叉試驗設計。受試者為羅東博愛醫院30-80歲第2型糖尿病患者共24名,其中男性5名,女性19名參與本研究。受試者隨機分成兩組,所有的受試者每天攝取38公克米麩穀粉 (RB組) 或白米穀粉 (安慰劑組) 5週後,經過2週的排空期後,再攝取38公克白米穀粉或米麩穀粉5週,為期12週。在研究期間,要求受試者在12週內不改變其平日飲食習慣、運動習慣及用藥種類及份量。收集受試者第0、5、7、12週進行口服葡萄糖耐受試驗。結果顯示: RB組在攝取米麩穀粉5週後,顯著的降低10.8%空腹血糖值 (P < 0.05) 及2.5%糖化血色素 (glycated hemoglobin, HbA1C) (P < 0.05)。在血漿Adiponectin含量方面,RB組在攝取米麩穀粉5週後可顯著的增加Adiponectin的含量。在評估胰島素敏感性HOMAIR指標方面,RB組呈現降低的趨勢 (-5.8%) (P = 0.09)。總結,第2型糖尿病患每天攝取38公克米麩穀粉5週後,可顯著降低2.5%糖化血色素、10.8%空腹血糖值以及增加9.6% 血漿Adiponectin的含量。
Plasma adiponectin concentration is lower and plasma resistin and c-reative protein concentration is higher in type 2 diabetes mellitus than euglycemic human. Therefore, the aim of this study was to observe the effect of rice bran flour supplementation for 12 weeks on the concentrations of plasma glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), adiponectin, resistin, and c-reactive protein concentration, and insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes mellitus. This study was designed as randomized, double-blind and crossover trials. Twenty-four type 2 diabetes subjects in Lo-Tung Pohai hospital in Yilan, 5 men and 19 women aged 30 to 80 years volunteered to participate. The subjects were randomized to two sequences that included 5 weeks of treatment with 38 g of rice bran flour and rice flour. Treatment was preceded by a 14-day washout period. During intervention periods, subjects did not change their dietary habit, the physical condition, and the kinds of medicine and amounts of medicine. On the beginning, 5, 7 and 12 weeks, oral glucose tolerance test were conducted. The results showed rice bran flour supplementation, plasma fasting glucose concentration and HbA1C level was significantly decreased 10.8% and 2.5%, respectively. Plasma adiponectin concentration in RB group was significantly increased compared with baseline (P < 0.05). Insulin sensitivity index (HOMAIR) was tended to decrease (-5.8%, P = 0.09) in RB group. In conclusion, type 2 diabetic patients supplementation 38 g of rice bran flour every day for 5 weeks were significantly decreased 2.5% HbA1C and 10.8% plasma fasting glucose, and significantly increased 9.6% plasma adiponectin concentration.
中文摘要 I
Abstract III
誌謝 V
目錄 VII
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
第二章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 糖尿病流行病學 4
第二節 糖尿病的分類及病理學 5
一、糖尿病分類 5
二、糖尿病病理學 5
三、糖尿病診斷標準 7
四、糖尿病併發症 8
第三節 糖尿病的治療 9
一、飲食 9
二、運動 10
三、藥物 11
第四節 膳食纖維的生理功能 13
第五節 膳食纖維與第2型糖尿病患者體內脂肪細胞衍生物的關係 15
一、胰島素抗性 15
二、脂肪組織分泌Adiponectin及Resistin與胰島素之相關性 16
三、C-reactive protein 18
第三章 材料與方法 20
第一節 受試者 20
第二節、實驗方法 21
一、實驗設計 21
二、受試者的飲食紀錄 22
三、腸道生理狀況紀錄表 22
四、榖粉的製備 23
五、分析項目 24
六、分析方法 25
七、統計分析 40
第四章 結果 41
第一節 米麩穀粉及白米穀粉一般分析 41
第二節 受試者 41
第三節 受試者的飲食狀況 42
第四節 腸道生理狀況紀錄表 43
第五節 一般血液生化值 43
第六節 血糖、胰島素、糖化血色素及胰島素敏感性指標 44
第七節 葡萄糖耐受試驗 45
第八節 血液脂質分析 45
第九節 脂質組織分泌物質-Adiponectin及Resistin 46
第十節 發炎指標 46
第五章 討論 47
第一節 米麩穀粉 47
第二節 受試者的飲食狀況 49
第三節 血糖控制 52
第四節 胰島素敏感性 54
第五節 C-反應蛋白 (C-reactive protein) 57
第六章 結論 58
第七章 參考文獻 59
附錄 84
腸道生理狀況紀錄表 84
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