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研究生:黃韻玲
研究生(外文):Yun-Ling Huang
論文名稱:射擊初學者出手前規律化準備動作與射擊成績表現之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Relationship between Pre-performance Routine and Shooting Performance of Novice Shooters
指導教授:洪聰敏洪聰敏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsung-Min Hung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:初學者規律化準備動作一致性
外文關鍵詞:novicepre-performance routineconsistency
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規律化準備動作與成績表現的關係在過去多數研究中,均證明在菁英選手身上若有越規律化的準備動作,成績表現就越好,但僅以菁英選手之表現推論到初學者,本研究為瞭解射擊初學者射擊前準備動作是否透過口語提示訓練,能幫助提高準備動作的一致性,進而提升成績表現。以台北縣某國中射擊初學者24人為對象,錄影記錄每發瞄準時間與射擊成績,所得資料以皮爾遜積差相關分析,在訓練過程中介入四週口語提示訓練,發現:1.口語提示訓練介入前,瞄準時間一致性與成績表現並無相關,經過口語提示介入後,瞄準時間一致性與成績表現亦無相關;2.未經口語提示訓練之初學者,在經過一般正常練習四週後,瞄準時間與射擊成績呈現正相關 (r = .66,p<.05) ,顯示瞄準時間越長,成績表現越好,而瞄準時間與射擊成績表現的一致性從原本的無相關 (r = -.20) 經四週後呈現負相關 (r = -.64,p<.05) ,顯示瞄準時間越長,成績表現的一致性越高(變異越小)。另外,瞄準時間的一致性與射擊成績表現也在四週後呈現正相關 (r = .62,p<.05) ,顯示瞄準時間越一致(變異性越小),成績表現就越好。口語提示訓練造成射擊瞄準時間與成績表現無相關,可能與訓練期過短有關,而未經口語提示訓練的控制組,射擊瞄準時間與成績表現有正相關,顯示初學者未經口語提示訓練亦能在練習過程中發展出自身節奏性。
The purpose of this study was to examine whether shooting accuracy could be improved by 4 weeks of verbal instruction training in novice shooters. Twenty-four junior high school students were recruited to this study and assigned into training (T) and control (C) group with no difference in shooting performance before training. Subjects’ shooting time (mean), consistency (standard deviation), performance (mean) and consistency (standard deviation) were measured before and after training. Pearson product-moment correlation analysis and t tests were employed for statistic analysis. After 4 weeks of verbal instruction training, it was found that there was still no significant difference in shooting performance between two groups. In addition, shooting accuracy was positively correlated with performance after training in C (r=.62, p<.05), not in T (r=-.28) and shooting time was also positively correlated with performance after training in C (r=.66, p<.05), not in T (r=-.05). Moreover, shooting time was negatively correlated with performance consistency in C after training (r=-.64, p<.05). In conclusion, verbal instruction training didn’t affect shooting performance in novice shooters, which might be related to short training duration. For control group, the longer the shooting time, the better the performance consistency, indicating that novice shooter could develop their own shooting routine without verbal instruction training.
簽名頁...........................................................................................................ii
授權書.............................. ........... ...............................................................iii
中文摘要..................... ................................................................................iv
英文摘要.....................................................................................................vii
致謝............................................................................................................viii
目錄..............................................................................................................ix
表目錄…………………………………………………………………….xii
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………....xiii
目錄
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 7
第三節 研究假設 7
第四節 名詞與操作型定義 7
第五節 研究的重要性 7
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 規律化準備動作的意義與應用 9
第二節 規律化準備動作之支持理論相關研究 11
第三節 初學者學習規律化準備動作相關研究 14
第四節 口語提示訓練的應用 16
第五節 本章總結 18
第叁章 研究方法與步驟 21
第一節 受試者與實驗地點 21
第二節 受試者特徵與實驗基本資料 21
第三節 實驗方法與程序 21
(一)實驗設計 21
(二)實驗步驟 22
(三)實驗器材 25
第四節 資料處理與統計分析 26
第肆章 結果 28
第一節 受試者前、後測射擊瞄準時間與射擊成績基本資料 28
第二節 受試者訓練前射擊成績之差異 29
第三節 後測瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現之關係 29
第四節 口語提示訓練對瞄準時間、射擊成績表現之影響 30
第伍章 討論 …………………………………………………………. 31
第一節 射擊初學者實驗前未經口語提示訓練之瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現相關性 ………………………………………31
第二節 口語提示訓練後實驗組射擊瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現之相關 33
第三節 實驗後控制組射擊瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現之相關 38
第陸章 結論與建議 43
第一節 結論 43
第二節 建議 43
參考文獻
中文部分 44
英文部分 45
附錄一:實驗參與者基本資料表 52
附錄二:實驗參與者同意書 53










表目錄
表4-1實驗組與控制組前測瞄準時間與成績表現基本資料……...28
表4-2實驗組與控制組後測瞄準時間與成績表現基本資料……...28
表4-3實驗組瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現之相關係數資料表.....29
表4-4控制組瞄準時間、一致性與成績表現之相關係數資料表.....29
表4-5口語提示訓練後實驗組與控制組瞄準時間比較之變異數分析摘要表…………………………………………………….30
表4-6口語提示訓練後實驗組與控制組射擊成績比較之變異數分析摘要表…………………………………………………….30














圖目錄
圖3-1射擊錄影紀錄…………………………………………..……24
圖3-2彈藥與射擊成績紀錄紙…………………………………...…25
圖3-3靶紙………...…………………………
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英文部分

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