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研究生:劉彥谷
研究生(外文):Yen-Kou Liu
論文名稱:筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置與操作任務之關係研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Relationship between the Notebook Input Devices and Working Tasks
指導教授:吳志富吳志富引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Fu Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:工業設計學系(所)
學門:設計學門
學類:產品設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:筆記型電腦輸入裝置觸控板軌跡桿操作任務
外文關鍵詞:NotebookInput deviceTouchpadTrackpointTask
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
市售之筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置主要可分為觸控板和軌跡桿兩大類,而其左右鍵都皆在操控游標裝置(觸控板、軌跡桿)下方,但其配置差異導致工作任務上有許多的問題。本研究分為兩階段進行。第一階段主要分析現有操作上的困擾與操作任務種類。第二階段則探討初學者與專家級、男性與女性等兩類族群,對於三種不同游標移動敏感度值操作四種筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置(兩種市售、兩種新發展的內建輸入裝置)與五種操作任務種類(多向目標點擊、多向目標拖曳、連續點選、選取與拖曳文字和打字與點擊目標)之關係。研究中以Visual Basic 撰寫計測程式進行模擬測試實驗(操作時間和錯誤率)和主觀評量。實驗結果以單因子變異數和事後檢定進行分析。在量測實驗結果顯示,(1)在多向目標點擊的操作時間中,兩種使用族群與內建輸入裝置有顯著差異。(2)多向目標拖曳在錯誤率中,內建輸入裝置有顯著差異。(3)連續點選在操作時間和錯誤率中,內建輸入裝置有顯著差異。(4)選取與拖曳文字在操作時間中,初學者和專家級與內建輸入裝置有顯著差異。(5)打字與點擊目標在錯誤率中,游標移動敏感度有顯著差異。在主觀實驗結果顯示,(1)觸控板與左右鍵為觸控板左側直立、鍵盤左側下方評價較高;軌跡桿與左右鍵為下方中央評價較低。(2)游標移動敏感度值12有較高的評價。研究結果所獲得輸入裝置與操作任務之關係,可提供相關廠商建議,並為未來在生活3C產品輸入裝置介面設計參考。
The built-in input device of the notebook in the market includes two major types, which are touchpad and trackpoint. The left and right buttons are located under the cursor control device (touchpad, trackpoint). However, the different allocation causes many problems on task. This study is divided into two stages. In Stage 1, it focuses on the analysis of distraction on existing task and the types of task. In Stage 2, it studies the correlation of novice and expert, male and female with the four types of notebooks of three different sensitivity of cursor movement of built-in input device (two in market, two with new-developed input device) and five tasks (“multi-direction click”, “multi-direction drag and drop”, “successive click and select”, “select and drag the text”, “type and click the target”). The Visual Basic has been adopted to write the program for simulation experiment and subjective assessment. The result is analyzed by one-way ANOVA and post hoc test. The result of the experiment shows that (1) there are significant differences of built-in input devices on multi-direction click. (2) There are significant differences of built-in input devices on the error rate of multi-direction drag and drop. (3) There are significant differences of built-in input devices on the task time and the error rate of successive click and select. (4) There are successive significant differences between novice and expert, and the built-in input devices. (5) There are significant differences of moving sensitivity of cursors on error rate of type and click the target. The result of subjective assessment shows that (1) the touchpad, and the left and right button stand upright in the lower left of the keyboard gets higher assessment. The trackpoint and the left and right button below the center of the keyboard get low assessment. (2) The moving sensitivity of cursor with value 12 gets higher assessment.The result obtained from the study of correlation between the input devices and the tasks can provide suggestion for the relevant manufacturers. Besides, it can be the reference of interface design of input device for the 3C products in the future.
中文摘要i
英文摘要ii
謝誌iv
目錄v
表目錄ix
圖目錄xii
一、緒論1
1.1 研究背景與動機1
1.2 研究目的3
1.3 研究範圍與限制3
1.4 研究之重要性5
1.5 研究架構5
二、文獻探討8
2.1 筆記型電腦之發展10
2.2 圖形使用介面之探討12
2.3 電腦輸入裝置之比較12
2.3.1 輸入裝置之種類13
2.3.2 輸入裝置之相關文獻13
2.4 觸控板及軌跡桿之相關原理理論16
2.4.1 軌跡桿16
2.4.2 觸控板17
2.5 人因工程操作輸入模式之探討17
2.5.1 操作輸入環境配置之建議18
2.5.2 標準鍵盤輸入方式18
2.6 小結19
三、先期研究20
3.1 使用者對現有筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置操作現況調查21
3.1.1 受測對象21
3.1.2 使用者對筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置調查結果21
3.1.3 使用者對筆記型電腦之操作之軟體及任務調查結果24
3.1.4 討論25
3.2 市售筆記型電腦內建輸入裝置調查25
3.3小結26
四、研究方法27
4.1 變數設定28
4.1.1 操作任務設定28
4.1.2 輸入裝置計測模型32
4.1.2.1 硬體部分32
4.1.2.2 軟體部分36
4.1.3 游標移動敏感度40
4.2 實驗規畫41
4.3 受測程序42
4.4 受測者43
4.5 實驗環境43
五、研究結果分析與討論45
5.1 使用經驗 操作績效分析45
5.1.1 使用經驗任務一多向點擊目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析46
5.1.2 使用經驗任務二多向拖曳目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析47
5.1.3 使用經驗任務三點與選目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析49
5.1.4 使用經驗任務四選取與拖曳文字操作時間與錯誤率績效分析50
5.1.5 使用經驗任務五打字與點擊目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析51
5.2 使用族群 操作基效分析52
5.2.1 使用族群任務一多向點擊目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析53
5.2.2 使用族群任務二多向拖曳目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析54
5.2.3 使用族群任務三點與選目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析56
5.2.4 使用族群任務四選取與拖曳文字操作時間與錯誤率績效分析57
5.2.5 使用族群任務五打字與點擊目標操作時間與錯誤率績效分析59
5.3 使用者態度分析60
5.3.1 使用者操作性之主觀評量分析60
5.3.2 使用者對內建輸入裝置合適性分析63
六、結論與建議67
6.1 結論67
6.1.1操作時間績效67
6.1.2 錯誤率68
6.1.3 硬體介面設計評價68
6.2 建議68
6.3 後續可進行之研究69
參考文獻70
附錄175
附錄277
附錄378
附錄480
參考文獻
1.Accot, J., Zhai, S., 1999, Performance Evaluation of Input Devices in Trajectory-based Tasks: An Application of The Steering Law, Chi’99, pp. 466-472
2.Akamatsu, M., MacKenzie, S., 2002, Changes in applied force to a touchpad during pointing tasks, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 29 (2002) pp.171-182
3.Antonio, Davide, 2006, A Mouse Evaluation Framework for Fitts’ Test, HCI conference
4.Atkinson, S. , Woods, V., Haslam, R.A., Buckle, P., 2004, Using non-keyboard input devices: interviews with users in the workplace, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 33 (2004) pp 571- 579
5.Chaparro, A., Bohan, M., Fernandez, J., Choi, S.D., Kattel, B.,1999, The impact of age on computer input device use: Psychophysical and physiological measure, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 24 (1999) pp.503-513
6.Clements, D.H., 1987, Computers and young children:A review of research, Young Children, 43(1), pp.33-44
7.Ehrlich, K., 1997, A conversation with Ted Selker pp.36-61
8.Fernstrom, E., Ericson, M.O., 1997, Computer mouse or Trackpoint─effects on muscular load and operator experience, Applied Ergonomics 28 (1997), pp.347-354
9.Frascara, J., Takach, B.S., 1993, The design of tactile map symbols for visually impaired people, Information Design Journal 7/1, pp 67-75
10.Kelaher, D., Nay, T., Lawrence, B., Lamar, S. Sommerich, A., 2001, An investigation of the effects of touchpad location within a notebook computer, Applied Ergonomics 32 (2001) pp.101-110
11.Park, J., Han, S.H., Yang, H., 2006, Evaluation of cursor capturing functions in a target positioning task, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 36 (2006) pp721-730
12.Rekimoto, J., 2003, ThumbSense: Automatic Input Mode Sensing for Touchpad-based Interactions, Chi 2003:New Horizons, pp852-853
13.Sommerich, C.M., Starr, H., Smith, A., Shivers, C., 2002, Effects of notebook computer configuration and task on user biomechanics, productivity, and comfort, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 30 (2002) pp.7-31
14.Sutter C., Ziefle M., 2005, Interacting with Notebook Input Devices: An Analysis of Motor Performace and User’s Expertise, Human Factor and Ergonomics Society, pp.169-187
15.王映嵐,2006,人因工程和弦鍵鼠之研究與設計,大同大學,碩士論文。
16.林于文,2004,筆記型電腦滑鼠設計對人體操作姿勢與肌肉活動影響之研究,南台科技大學,碩士論文。
17.唐國豪,2003,人與機器的對話—人機互動,科學發展,第368期,第19-20頁
18.陳俊宇,2004,行動化資訊產品之整合輸入設備研究,國立成功大學,碩士論文。
19.黃柏勳,2003,高齡者電腦輸入介面之使用性與效率,國立台北科技大學,碩士論文。

網路文獻
1.Microsoft TechNet http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol /windows2000serv/reskit/regentry/34684.mspx?mfr=true
2.Microsoft 2006 http://support.microsoft.com/kb/149228
3.The Active Network, 1999, http://www.activewin.com/tips/reg/ mouse_5.shtml
4.UCLA Ergonomics, http://ergonomics.ucla.edu/Tips_Users.html
5.財團法人國家實驗研究院科技政策研究與資訊中心 資訊服務處,2005,http://cdnet.stpi.org.tw/techroom/market/eecomputer/ eecomputer_053.htm

專利
1.Apple Computer, Inc, Apparatus and method for providing different input device orientations of a computer system, 1995, US patent #5,469,194
2.International Business Machines Corporation, Keyboard with integrated pointing device and click buttons with lock down for drag operation in a computer system with a graphical user interface, 1997, US patent #5,694,123
3.International Business Machines Corporation, Pointing device with reciprocating grip cap, 1999, US patent #5,870,082
4.International Business Machines Corporation, Low Noise Circuit Board for trackpoint pointing device, 1999, US patent #6,195,082 B1
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