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研究生:劉政杰
研究生(外文):Cheng-Jie Liu
論文名稱:針對移動管理所做之行動節點對話控制
論文名稱(外文):MOBILE NODE SESSION CONTROL FOR MOBILITY MANAGEMENT
指導教授:嚴威嚴威引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wei Yen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:大同大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系(所)
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:95
語文別:中文
論文頁數:65
中文關鍵詞:行動節點對話控制國際行動節點識別對應節點行動節點外部代理家代理轉接邏輯網路插槽
外文關鍵詞:Mobile Node Session ControlInternational Mobile Node IdentifierCorrespondent NodeMobile NodeForeign AgentHome AgentHandoffSocket
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隨著無線傳輸技術的進步與普遍,今日的無線網路存取愈來愈方便。傳統電信網路使用電路交換技術支援語音通訊,至於2.5代及3代行動通信則利用Serving GPRS Support Node及Gateway GPRS Support Node支援封包資料交換,這些技術都需要保留專屬線路、頻寬和設備以提供服務,造成系統沒有效率。

採用封包交換技術可使無線網路的使用更有效率且更節省成本,但也因沒有保留固定通道給行動節點,當行動節點從一個網路移動到另一個網路以致位址或路由改變時,無法再利用電路跳接完成轉接。SGSN和GGSN被設計用來支援移動和轉接,除此外的其他無線資料網路只能支援固定式的無線存取。

為了達成支援行動和轉接的能力,我們參考TCP/IP協定的堆疊架構,在網際網路的TCP及應用層間加入行動節點對話控制層。行動節點對話控制層可以支援無線封包的轉接及連線的重新接續,達成無線封包轉接的支援並強化傳輸的效能。本文首先回顧現有電信業者如何達成行動通訊轉接及控制對話連線的技術,再檢視已有的IP層無線轉接方法,最後提出利用行動節點連結控制層達成行動節點轉接支援的架構並評述其效能。
According to the advancement and popularize of the wireless transmission technology, accessing wireless networks has become convenient nowadays. Traditionally telecommunications use circuit switching to support voice. However, 2.5G and 3G technologies establish packet data communications via Serving GPRS Support Node and Gateway GPRS Support Node. All these technologies have to reserve dedicate lines, bandwidth and equipments to provide services. It causes the inefficiency of the system.

Packet switching can provide more efficient and less expensive wireless networks. However, it does not reverse dedicated channels for specific mobile nodes. It means the connection would fail because of the change of the IP address and routing rules while the mobile node moves from one network to another. SGSN and GGSN are designed to support mobility and handoff. As for the other wireless data networks, only fixed access is supported.

To support mobility and handoff, we are referred to the layered TCP/IP protocol stack and create a new Mobile Node Session Control (MNSC) layer that locates between TCP and Application layers. MNSC can be used to support handoff, connection reestablishment and enhance transmission performance. In the following chapters, we’ll first review the current telecom handoff and session control technologies. And then we will introduce articles discussing IP layer handoff. Finally, we’ll propose a new MNSC architecture and evaluate its performance.
英文摘要i
中文摘要ii
誌謝iii
圖目錄vii
表目錄ix
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究動機1
1.2 研究方法2
1.3 論文結構2
第二章 背景知識3
2.1 行動通訊的移動管理4
2.1.1 位置管理4
2.1.2 轉接管理6
2.2 封包路由的技術8
2.2.1 IP位址8
2.2.2 封包路由10
2.3 TCP連線12
2.3.1 邏輯網路插槽位址12
2.3.2 三方握手協定13
2.3.3 封包資料交換13
第三章 文獻回顧14
3.1 行動IP14
3.2 行動IP路由最佳化17
3.3 行動IP地區登記/分層行動IP19
3.4 領域內行動管理協定21
3.5 蜂巢IP23
3.6 轉接偵知無線存取網際網路架構25
3.7 文獻回顧總結28
第四章 行動節點對話控制架構29
4.1 國際行動節點識別31
4.2 家代理設定檔32
4.3 外部代理設定檔33
4.4 行動節點的註冊38
4.4.1 家網註冊38
4.4.2 漫遊網註冊38
4.4.3 漫遊子網註冊39
4.5 連線控制訊號40
4.6 行動節點對話控制41
4.7 轉接43
4.8 行動節點對話控制範例44
第五章 行動節點對話控制架構績效評估48
5.1 網路效能的改善48
5.2 支援私有IP60
5.3 可用性的加強61
第六章 結論與未來工作的探討63
參考文獻 64
[1] Ian F. Akyildiz, Jiang Xie, and Shantidev Mohanty, “A survey of mobility management in next-generation ALL-IP-BASED wireless systems,” IEEE Wireless Communication, Aug. 2004, pp. 16-28.
[2] 顏春煌, “行動與無線通訊,” 金禾資訊股份有限公司, pp. 17-20~17-25
[3] Dharma Prakash Agrawal, Qing-An Zeng, “Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems,” Thomson, pp. 185-195
[4] Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, “Internet Protocol,” Sep. 1981, RFC 791.
[5] Y. Rekhter, T.J. Watson Research Center, IBM Corp., T. Li, “An Architecture for IP Address Allocation with CIDR,” Sep 1993, RFC 1518.
[6] Douglas E. Comer, “Internetworking with TCP/IP: Principles, Protocols, and Architecture,” Prentice Hall International, Inc., pp. 253-267.
[7] Information Sciences Institute, University of Southern California, “Transmission Control Protocol,” Sep 1981, RFC 793.
[8] A. T. Campbell et al., “Comparison of IP Micromobility Protocols,” IEEE Wireless Communications, Feb. 2002, pp. 72–82.
[9] C. Perkins, Ed., “IP Mobility Support for IPv4,” Aug 2002, RFC 3344.
[10] E. Gustafsson, A. Jonsson, Ericsson and C. E. Perkins, “Mobile IPv4 Regional Registration,” Internet draft, IETF, draft-ietf-mip4-reg-tunnel-04.txt, Oct 2006.
[11] H. Soliman, C. Castelluccia, K. El Malki, L. Bellier, “Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 Mobility Management (HMIPv6),” Aug. 2005, RFC 4140
[12] Archan Misra, Subir Das, Ashutish Dutta, Anthony McAuley and Sajal K. Das, “IDMP-Based Fast Handoffs and Paging in IP-Based 4G Mobile Networks,” IEEE Communication Mag., Mar. 2002, pp. 138–145.
[13] Andrew T. Campbell, Javier Gomez, Sanghyo Kim, Andras G. Valko, and Chieh-Yih Wan, “Design, Implementation, and Evaluation of Cellular IP,” IEEE Personal Communication, Aug. 2000, pp. 42–49.
[14] Ramachandran Ramjee, Kannan Varadhan, Luca Salgarelli, Sandra R. Thuel, Shie-Yuan Wang, and Thomas La Porta, “HAWAII: A Domain-Based Approach for Supporting Mobility in Wide-Area Wireless Networks,” IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, vol. 10, no. 3, Jun. 2002, pp. 396–410.
[15] C. E. Perkins and D. B. Johnson, “Route Optimization in Mobile IP,” Internet draft, IETF, draft-ietf-mobileipoptim-11.txt, Sep. 2001.
[16] Telecommunication standardization sector of ITU, “The international identification plan for mobile terminals and mobile users,” ITU-T Recommendation E.212, Nov. 1998.
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