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研究生:陳英杰
研究生(外文):Yin-Chieh Chen
論文名稱:含磷高分子合成及物性研究
論文名稱(外文):Study Of Synthesis and Physical Properties Of Containing Phosphorus-Polymer
指導教授:張 章 平、何 子 萬
指導教授(外文):Chang-Ping Chang, Chi-Man Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學中正理工學院
系所名稱:應用化學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:耐燃UL-94測試丙烯亞磷酸酯
外文關鍵詞:fire-retardantUL-94 testallyl hydrogen phenylphosphate
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丙烯亞磷酸酯/丙烯酸(AHPP/AA)聚合物及共聚物的耐燃特性是丙烯酸與各種含量之丙烯亞磷酸酯以總體聚合方式合成。丙烯亞磷酸酯是以二氯苯氧化磷與丙烯醇酯化方式製備。從傅立葉轉換紅外線光譜儀、核磁共振光譜儀(1H-NMR、31P-NMR)及質譜儀可獲得丙烯亞磷酸酯、聚丙烯亞磷酸酯、聚丙烯酸及(丙烯亞磷酸酯/丙烯酸)共聚物之結構及特性描述。
在熱重損失分析儀及萬能材料試驗機之試驗中,隨著丙烯亞磷酸酯濃度增加,丙烯亞磷酸酯/丙烯酸共聚物之熱穩定性及機械強度有相當大的提升。丙烯亞磷酸酯/丙烯酸共聚物的耐燃性質也以UL-94測試進行研究,研究指出磷酸酯/丙烯酸共聚物僅1.2%含磷量就可達到V-0等級及有效地抑制燃燒。
The fire-retardant properties of allyl hydrogen phenylphosphate/acrylic acid (AHPP/AA) polymers and copolymers were synthesized by the bulk polymerization of AA in the presence of various amounts of AHPP. AHPP was prepared by the esterification of dichlorophenylphosphine oxide with allyl alcohol. Structural and compositional characterization with AHPP, poly(AHPP) , polyacrylic acid and (AHPP/AA) copolymerization were obtained by FTIR, 1H-NMR, and 31P-NMR, as well as by mass spectrometer.
The thermal stability and mechanical strength of the AHPP/AA copolymers was considerable enhanced with AHPP concertration increase, as determined by thermogravietric (TGA) analysis and the universal testing (UTM) experiments. The fire-retardant properties of AHPP/AA copolymers were also studied by UL-94 test, indicating that an AHPP/AA copolymer with only 1.2 wt% phosphorus can compete with V-0grade and effectively inhibit burning.
誌謝 ii
摘要 iii
ABSTRACT iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
1.前言 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
1.3 文獻回顧 4
1.3.1 高分子簡介 4
1.3.1.1 高分子合成反應 4
1.3.1.2 高分子合成反應特性 5
1.3.2 活性自由(游離)基聚合的簡介 6
1.3.2.1 活性自由(游離)基聚合的發展 6
1.3.2.2 自由(游離)基聚合方法及條件選定 7
1.3.3 聚丙烯酸(Polyacrylic acid) 9
1.3.3.1 聚丙烯酸的簡介 9
1.3.3.2 聚丙烯酸的合成方法(The Methods of Synthesis of Polyacrylic acid), 10
1.3.3.3 聚丙烯酸的應用 10
1.3.4 聚丙烯(Polypropylene)的簡介 10
1.3.5 難燃劑 13
1.3.5.1 難燃劑的簡介 13
1.3.5.2 難燃的原理 15
1.3.5.2 含磷難燃劑的難燃原理 19
2.實驗 21
2.1 實驗器材與儀器設備 21
2.2 實驗藥品 22
2.3 合成含磷之丙烯基單體 23
2.4 聚合用試藥之純化 23
2.4.1 壓克力酸(Acrylic Acid)之純化 24
2.4.2 過氧化二苯甲醯(Benzoyl peroxide)之純化 24
2.5 含磷之丙烯單體聚合反應 24
2.6 壓克力酸之聚合反應 26
2.7 含磷之丙烯單體與壓克力酸共聚合反應 27
3.結果與討論 28
3.1 含磷丙烯單體之光譜分析鑑定 28
3.1.1 Allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate之1H-NMR光譜分析鑑定 28
3.1.2 Allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate之FT-IR光譜分析鑑定 29
3.1.2 Allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate之GC-Mass光譜分析鑑定 30
3.2 Poly(allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate)之光譜分析 32
3.2.1 Poly(allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate)之1H-NMR光譜分析 32
3.2.2 Poly(allyl hydrogen phenylphosphonate)之31P-NMR光譜分析 33
3.3 Poly(AHPP-co-acrylic acid)之光譜分析鑑定 34
3.3.1 Poly(AHPP-co-acrylic acid)1H-NMR光譜分析 34
3.3.2 Poly(AHPP-co-acrylic acid) 31P-NMR光譜分析 35
3.4 聚合物之熱重分析 36
3.5 聚合物之拉伸測試 38
3.6 聚合物之分子量測定 40
3.7 UL-94燃燒測試分析 42
4.結論 46
5.參考文獻 47
6.自傳 52
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