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研究生:夏正洵
研究生(外文):Cheng-Shun Hsia
論文名稱:網路中立性的追求:以美國網路中立性的立法爭議為例
指導教授:羅世宏羅世宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Hung Lo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:電訊傳播研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:123
中文關鍵詞:關鍵詞:網路中立性共同載具寬頻網路FCC台灣通訊傳播法草案
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:12
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隨著網路科技日益發達,網際網路已成為釵h不同傳播媒體播放的平台,也使得自一九九六以來的傳播法案不敷使用。網路中立性的議題和法案就是在此背景脈絡下誕生,一方面,網路中立性繼承傳播法案立法原則,如普及服務(Universal service)和共同載具(common carriers)的精神,一方面,網路中立性成了寬頻網路服務提供者(Broadband service provider, BSP)和網路內容提供者(Internet content provider, ICP)爭逐利益的場域,另一方面,網路中立性法案的討論也被視為對於網路時代應有的管制模式之反思。
本論文在第一部份介紹網路中立性立法的背景和研究的目的。
第二部份討論傳播法案立法原則與網路中立性的關係,廣泛地說,網路中立性並不算新鮮的概念,其與普及服務、共同載具、end to end 法則都有密切的關係,只是「網路中立性」將舞台聚焦於「網路」平台上面,並特別討論寬頻網路服務提供者是否能夠對網路內容提供者和應用服務提供者使用線路時進行差別待遇。同時在此部份也從內容、應用、價格、發送者、網路分層機制和廣告誠信六個面向來定義網路中立性。
第三部份說明美國傳播法的立法歷史脈絡,分為三個時期,分別為一九三四年傳播法及以前、一九三四年傳播法至一九九六年傳播法以及一九九六年傳播法之後。另外,第三部份詳述二零零六年至二零零八年五月間各項關於網路中立性的法案,並介紹法案提出者、主張和賦予美國聯邦通訊委員會的職權(The Federal Communications Commission, FCC )以及美國聯邦通訊委員會對於網路中立性法案之態度。
第四部份分述業者、人民團體、學者和國會議員對於網路中立性的正反意見,並且提出對於網路中立性實踐之看法
最後,在第五部份提出本篇研究的貢獻以及研究限制和對於未來的建議,同時也討論對於網路中立性對於台灣通訊傳播法草案的影響。
目錄
第一章 前言 1
第一節 研究動機與背景 1
一 網路匯流 2
二 服務品質 3
三 差別待遇 3
四 網路中立性議題 5
第二節 研究問題 6
第三節 論文結構 7
第二章 網路中立性的定義 8
第一節 網路中立性相關基本概念 8
一 「普及服務」 8
二 共同載具 11
三 End-to-end 法則 13
四 小結 14
第二節 網路中立性的定義 16
一 網路中立性的定義分類 16
第三章 美國網路中立性立法 29
第一節 網路中立性的歷史脈絡 29
一 一九三四年之前: 30
二 一九三四年傳播法案至一九九六年傳播法案 31
三 一九九六年傳播法案以及之後 33
四 小結 35
第二節 網路中立性議題相關法規及立法歷程 37
第三節 網路中立性與FCC政策 41
一 二零零五年 FCC 寬頻網路政策 41
二 各項法案給予FCC關於網路中立性的賦權 42
三 FCC對於網路中立性或寬頻業者管制之看法 48
第四章 網路中立性的正反意見 53
第一節 業者層面 54
一 寬頻服務提供者 54
二 網路內容提供以及服務者 57
三 業者政治遊說 59
四 小結 60
第二節 人民團體以及草根團體 60
一 贊成網路中立性之人民團體: 61
二 反對網路中立性之人民團體 62
第三節 學者層面 64
一 贊成方 64
二 反對方 67
三 小節 71
第四節 國會層面 72
一 二零零六年網路非歧視法 72
二 二零零六年通訊機會、行銷與增進法案 73
三 二零零六年通訊機會、行銷與增進法案,網路中立性修正案、二零零八年網路自由保存法 73
四 二零零六年通訊、消費者選擇和寬頻佈建法案 74
五 二零零六年網路自由和非歧視法 74
六 二零零六年網路自由保存法案、二零零七年網路自由保存法案 75
七 其他意見 75
八 小結 76
第五節 網路中立性正反論述 78
第六節 網路中立性的追求與實踐 79
一 允陵t別待遇的情況: 81
二 網路中立性的實踐: 81
第五章 結論 82
第一節 研究發現與論點 82
第二節 研究貢獻與意涵 85
一 網路中立性在歐洲 86
二 網路中立性在台灣 87
第三節 研究限制 88
第四節 未來建議 88
參考資料 90
附錄一 網路中立性法案內容 102
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自由電子報 (2008.4.14) 。〈中華電ADSL速率不足 網友撻伐〉,《中時電子報》,上網日期:2008年4月14號,取自「自由電子報」http://www.libertytimes.com.tw/2008/new/apr/14/today-life6.htm
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