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研究生:林佳瑩
研究生(外文):Chia-Ying Lin
論文名稱:以三角形面積相似測量法為基礎之入侵偵測應用
論文名稱(外文):Intrusion Detection Based on Triangle Area Similarity Measurement
指導教授:蔡志豐蔡志豐引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Fong Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:會計與資訊科技研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:會計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:64
中文關鍵詞:入侵偵測資料探勘混合式模型
外文關鍵詞:intrusion detection、data mining、hybrid model、
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入侵偵測在現今是一個非常重要的網路安全議題,目前已經有釵h使用資料探勘技術達到入侵偵測目的的研究,但是如何增加其入侵偵測之效率仍為一相當重要之議題;在資料探勘技術應用於入侵偵測的研究中,初期有些研究使用單一資料探勘技術進行入侵偵測,爾後有研究使用混合(hybrid)或是整合(ensemble)方式結合二種以上資料探勘技術以進行入侵偵測,研究也證實結合兩種以上資料探勘技術效能的確優於單一技術使用。本篇論文提出Triangle Area based Nearest Neighbors(TANN)方法,此方法以三角型面積相似測量加上混合的方法結合了k-means以及k-NN兩種技術來做入侵偵測,期能比以往方法更有效率;在這種方法中,首先以k-means先取出五個中點值,再利用三角型面積相似測量轉換資料後以k-NN取得類別值,判斷是否為入侵攻擊。最後,我們使用公開下載之KDDCup 99’資料庫測試並以十摺驗證法近一步驗證實驗之準確性,實驗結果顯示本論文提出的方法與支援向量機(SVM), k-NN,及整合k-means以及k-NN之混合式模型進行比較, TANN可以有效偵測入侵攻擊並且達到非常高的準確率以及低錯誤率。
Intrusion detection is a very important research issue in network security nowadays. Intrusion detection can be approached by data mining and machine learning techniques. In literature, advanced techniques by hybrid learning or ensemble methods have been considered, and they are superior to the models using single machine learning techniques. This thesis proposes a triangle area similarity measure combining the hybrid method, namely Triangle Area based Nearest Neighbors (TANN), in order to detect attacks more effectively. In TANN, we use k-means to obtain five cluster centers and transform data for k-NN classification by triangle area similarity measurement. By using KDDCup 99’ as the dataset and considering 10-fold cross validation, the experimental results show that TANN can effectively detect intrusion attacks and achieve higher detection and lower error rates than three baseline models based on support vector machines, k-NN, and the hybrid model combining k-means and k-NN.
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background 1
1.2 Motivation 2
1.3 Research Objectives 3
1.4 Structures of This Thesis 4
Chapter 2 Literature Review 5
2.1 Intrusion Detection Systems 5
2.2 Machine Learning 6
2.2.1 Supervised learning 6
2.2.2 Unsupervised learning 8
2.3 Intrusion Detection Approach 9
2.3.1 Hybrid Approach 10
2.3.2 Ensemble Approach 11
2.4 Related Work in Data Mining for Intrusion Detection 12
2.5 Summary of related works 22
Chapter 3 System Architecture 26
3.1 Cluster Centers Extraction 28
3.2 Triangle Area based Nearest Neighbors (TANN) 28
3.2.1 Perimeter of the Triangle - Euclidean Distance 29
3.2.2 Forming the Triangle Area - Heron’s Formula 30
3.2.3 Forming New Training Data 30
3.3 Training and Testing k-NN 31
Chapter 4 Experimental Methodology 32
4.1 KDD-Cup 99 dataset 32
4.2 Dimensionality Reduction 34
4.3 10-fold Cross-validation 34
4.4 Model Validation 36
4.5 Baseline 36
4.6 Evaluation Methods 37



Chapter 5 Experiment Result 39
5.1 k-NN 39
5.2 SVM 40
5.3 Combining k-means and k-NN 40
5.4 TANN 41
5.5 Comparisons and discussions 42
5.5.1 Comparisons among TANN, SVM, k-NN, and the hybrid method 42
5.5.2 t test 44
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Future Work 46
6.1 Summary of this research 46
6.2 Contribution 46
6.3 Future work 47
6.3.1 Techniques used 47
6.3.2 Datasets used 47
6.3.3 Domain problems 47
References 49
Appendix A Data of ROC Curves 54
Appendix B Original Data of t-test 55
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