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研究生:吳昇栓
研究生(外文):Wu Sheng-Shuan
論文名稱:鹵化銀全像光學元件之特性研究
論文名稱(外文):The characteristic research of holographic optical element with silver halide
指導教授:謝宏榮
指導教授(外文):Shei Hung-Jung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中華技術學院
系所名稱:機電光工程研究所碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:雷射干涉焦距像差
外文關鍵詞:laserinterferefocal lengthaberration
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本研究使用氦氖雷射的光束通過分光鏡將光分成兩道光,一道是平面波,另一道是球面波在鹵化銀底片產生干涉,經過底片沖洗與乾燥之後,而製成干涉式波帶板,同理使用發散的球面波與收斂的球面波可製成廣義式波帶板,或是使用兩個球面波可製成推廣式波帶板,而產生繞射圖形。全像片所做成的波帶板使用計算的方法和重建的方法找出波帶板的焦距。波帶板是研究全像光學元件的基礎,本研究探討全像光學元件的特性與技術及應用。
本文以簡易的像差與色散試驗架設,探討全像光學元件的品質好壞,此種架設不需要使用昂貴的儀器測試,但是可以應用於各種光學元件的觀測,此外並運用幾何光學的原理,計算波帶板的焦距、曲率半徑、複合透鏡等,有利於將像差的影響降到最低,以期運用到各種光電產品。
This research uses the He-Ne laser beam and the splitter to obtain two waves. One is a plane wave, and the other is the spherical wave. Both waves are interfered by a silver halide film. The
interferometric zone plate is obtained after developing and drying. By using the same principle and changing waveform, the generalized zone plate and extended zone plate are obtained. The focal length of the developed hologram zone plate is obtained by calculation and reconstruction. The zone plate is the essential of holographic optical element (HOE). This study is a survey of the characteristics, technology and applications of HOEs.
We also use an aberration and dispersion system to exam the quality of HOEs. Although it is simple and low cost, it is reliable. With this aberration analytical model,
better HOEs can be obtained. This system may also be used to exam other optical elements.
中文摘要 ......................................................i
英文摘要 ......................................................ii
目錄 ..........................................................iii
表目錄 .........................................................v
圖目錄 .........................................................vi
第一章 緒論......................................................1
1.1前言.........................................................1
1.2研究動機......................................................2
1.3研究目的......................................................2
第二章 文獻回顧...................................................4
2.1全像光學元件之發展.........................................4
2.2全像光學元件的特性與作用原理.................................7
2.2.1全像術................................................8
2.2.2波帶板成像作用.........................................10
2.2.3全像光學元件的繞射特性..................................18
2.2.4全像光學元件作用原理....................................20
2.2.5鹵化銀材料與化學沖洗原理................................21
2.3相關光學原理...............................................23
2.3.1像差原理..............................................24
2.3.2其他光學名詞解釋.........................................31
第三章 材料準備與實驗流程..........................................35
3.1全像光學元件儀器與材料介紹...................................35
3.2全像光學元件製作步驟........................................41
3.3各種全像光學元件的架設說明...................................46
3.4光學特性測試...............................................47
第四章 結果與討論.................................................49
4.1全像光學元件製作與焦點成像的探討.............................49
4.2全像光學元件的光學特性之探討.................................61
第五章 結論.......................................................75
5.1結論......................................................75
5.2未來發展方向...............................................76
參考文獻 .........................................................81
附錄一 不暈點推導..................................................85
附錄二 阿貝正弦條件推導.............................................87
附錄三 透鏡焦點成像.................................................89
作者簡介...........................................................93
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