跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(100.28.2.72) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/06/14 01:35
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:吳俊忠
研究生(外文):Chun-chung Wu
論文名稱:無線感測網路室內區域定位及監測系統之實作
論文名稱(外文):An Implementation of Wireless Sensor Network Area Indoor Location and Monitor System
指導教授:袁世ㄧ
指導教授(外文):Shih-Yi Yuan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:通訊工程所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:162
中文關鍵詞:全球定位系統定位功能ZigBee網路
外文關鍵詞:Location FunctionGlobal Position SystemZigBee Network
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:26
  • 點閱點閱:716
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:166
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
摘要
近幾年來,隨著無線通訊技術的發展與微機電技術改變了許多,也提供了許多服務的需求,如通話功能、傳送及接收資訊(資料及影像)功能、定位功能(Location Function)等,其中以定位功能較為有興趣的功能,而定位功能較為熟知的就是全球定位系統(Global Position System;GPS)。但是GPS衛星定位需保持視線(Line-Of-Sight;LOS)的地區,且適用大區域範圍地區,因此需要在戶外才能發揮功能,對於戶內或室內或小區域範圍則無法發揮定位之功能,所以對於如何在戶內或室內或小區域範圍的定位功能,達到一個準確定位系統,已經成為一個重要的議題。
本論文中,所要提出的是利用無線區域網路技術來達到室內定位功能,所以為了要實現室內定位功能,則選定使用IEEE標準802.15.4通訊協定的ZigBee網路,它具有高度網路定址能力且具低功率消耗等優點。所以本研究會建構一個具有遠端監控與管理能力之無線感測網路定位系統,可具有高定址能力、低功率消耗、快速反應時間及具有遠端監控之能力的系統,可適用於大樓人員及設備監控、居家健康照護系統、消防人員及設備定位管理、室內停車場定位及管理、安全防護與事件追蹤系統、工廠與生產自動化、倉儲存貨盤點與貨品位系統、工業控制系統及保全門禁系統等系統方面應用。
Abstract

In recent years, the development of wireless communication technology and the rapid change of micro-electronic technology have provided a lot of services. These services include the conversation function, message (data and image), and locating function. Among all these services, the locating function plays an important role to locate person decices and Global Position System is the most familiar locating function.
However, GPS satellite technology is resticted in the line-of-sight zone and is only suitable for large area. Therefore it can not be used in indoor or a small zone environment. Thus, it gets more and more attention on how to achieve an accurate locating function for indoors or a small region scenario.
In this paper, we propose an indoors locating function by using wireless area network technology. Therefore, in order to realize the function, the ZigBee network with 802.15.4 communication protocol(an IEEE standard) has been selected. The selection criteria are cost, implantation easyiness, universal standardization, power consumption, among others.
The implementation architecture includes the following: the capability of remote monitoring and management with locating accuracy, low power consumption, and short response time. These characteristics are very suitable for applications such as the personal and equipments, monitoring, home health care systems building, location management for fire fighters and equipments, as well as indoor parking, safety incidents tracking, factory and production automation, warehousing and inventory locating, industry control system, gate keeping, and so on.
This thesis will give a through study on the system implantation of the selected criteria, locating technologies, the ZigBee characteristics, the implantation considerations, the simulation data acquisition monitoring , location database management, system integration and system validation.
目 錄
壹、 中文摘要------------------------------10
英文摘要------------------------------12
貳、 研究背景及動機------------------------14
2.1 接收訊號角度定位法------------------16
2.2 到達時間定位法----------------------20
2.3 到達時間差定位法--------------------23
2.4訊號強度定位法---------------------- 25
2.5 定位方法----------------------------29
參、 ZigBee網路概述------------------------36
3.1 ZigBee網路概述----------------------36
3.2 ZigBee標準發展與技術特性------------36
3.3 ZigBee規格--------------------------40

肆、 定位及監測系統之實作內容--------------49
4.1 系統架構----------------------------49
4.2 定位方法----------------------------51
4.3 資料蒐集器--------------------------58
4.4 ZigBee設備--------------------------61
4.5 監測方式----------------------------64
伍、 定位及監測系統之實測內容--------------70
5.1 定位系統設計------------------------70
5.2 定位系統架構------------------------70
5.3 定位系統模擬-----------------------108
5.4 系統測試---------------------------120
5.5 監測系統架構-----------------------142
5.6 系統測試---------------------------152
陸、 結論與未來展望-----------------------159
柒、 參考文獻-----------------------------160
[1] P. Prasithsangaree , P. Krishnamurthy and P. K. Chrysanthis, ”On Indoor Position Location with Wireless LANs” , Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communication, Vol.2, pp.720-724,2002.

[2] B. H. Wellenhoff, H. Lichtenegger and J. Collins, ”Global Positioning System:Theory and Practice ” , Fouth Edition Springer Verlag, 1997.

[3] P. Bahl and V. Padmanabhan, ”RADAR:An In-Building RF-Based User Location and Tracking System” , In Proc. of the IEEE INFOCOM 2000, Tel-Aviv, Israel, March 2000.

[4] G. L. Quian , ”TD-SCDMA service a high performance/price accurate locating technology” , China PUTIAN Institute.

[5] A. H. Sayed, A. Targhat , and N. Khajehnouri , ”Network-based wireless location ” , IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, pp 24-40, July 2005.

[6] M. O. Sunay and J. Jekin , ”Mobile Location Tracking in DS CDMA Networks Using Forward Link Time Difference of Arrival and Its Application to Zone-Based Billing” , Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies, 2001.

[7] 黃秀園、吳添君、簡鴻任、張恪睿,『無線網路定位系統應用於U-healthcare(Wireless network Location-Based System for U-healthcare) 』, 2007 海峽兩岸下一代網際網路服務與應用研討會(2007 Cross-Strait Conference on Next Generation Internet Services and Applications) , P.57-P.69,亞洲大學, 2007。

[8] 蕭銘遠,『在Wi-Fi環境下居家照護行動定位的建構』,亞洲大學電腦與通訊學系碩士論文 2006.6

[9] 林永松、俞瑩珍、余俊達、顧育先、劉惠玲, ”室內無線區域網路定位服務演算法與系統架構之研究” , 國立臺灣大學資訊管理研究所,2003.

[10] J. A. Tauber, ”Indoor Location Systems for Pervasive Computing” , MIT, 2002.

[11] Rabbit 2000Microprocessor User’s Manual , BL2100UM.pdf . http://www.rabbit.com/hottag/index.php?ht=/documentation/docs/manuals/BL2100/BL2100UM.pdf

[12] D. L. Mills, ”Internet Time Synchronization: The Network Time Protocol”, IEEE Transaction on Communications, Vol.39, No.10, pp.1482-1493, October 1991.

[13] G. Pottie and W. Kaiser, ”Wireless Integrated Network Sensors”, Communication of the ACM , Vol.43, No.5, pp51-58, May 2000.

[14] D. Niculescu and B. Nath, ”Ad-Hoc Positioning System ” , IEEE GlobeCom, November 2001.

[15] A. Word, A. Jones and A. Hopper, ”A new location technique for the active office” , IEEE Personal Communications, vol. 4, issue 5, pp.42-47, Oct. 1997.

[16] J. Web and C. Lanzl, ”Designing a Positioning System for Finding Things and People Indoors” , IEEE Spec., vol. 35, no. 9, Sep. 98, pp. 71-78.

[17] A.E.S. Salazar, ”Positioning Bluetooth and Wi-Fi systems” , IEEE Trans. On Consumer Electronics, vol. 50,pp. 151-157, Feb. 2004.

[18] I. Getting, ”The Global Positioning System” , IEEE spectrum, Vol. 30, No.12, December 1993, pp.36-47.

[19] P. Enge, and P. Misra, ”Special Issue on GPS: The Global Positioning System” , IEEE Proc. , January 1999, pp.3-15.

[20] Holger Karl, Andreas Willig, ”Protocols and Architectures for Wireless Sensor Networks” , John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2005.

[21] Edgar H. Callaway, Jr, ”Wireless Sensor Network:Architectures and Protocols” , Auerbach Publications, Inc, 2003.

[22] Chia-Nian Shyi, Wei-Feng Weng, and Hsien-Tsai Wu, ”Low Power Platform for Wireless Sensor Network”, ICPADS 2005. Eleventh International Conference on 20-22 July 2005, Fukuoka Institure of Technology(FIT), Fukuoka, Japan, pp.417-421.

[23] P. Deng, P. Z. Fan, ”A Efficient Position-Based Dynamic Location Algorithm” , Autonomous Decentralized Systems, 2000. Proceedings. 2000 International Workshop on, pp. 36-39, 2000.

[24] Xin Wang, Zongxin Wang, O’Dea B. ”A TOA-Baed Location Algorithm Reducing the Errors Due to Non-line-of sight(NLOS) Propagation” , Vehicular Technology Conference, 2001. VTC 2001 Fall. IEEE VTS 54th, Vol. 1, pp. 97-100, 2001.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊