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研究生:黃俊傑
研究生(外文):Chun-Chieh Huang
論文名稱:鉛酸電池交流阻抗量測技術之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of AC Impedance Measurement Technique for Lead-Acid Battery
指導教授:吳坤德
指導教授(外文):Kuen-Der Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系博碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:鉛酸電池交流阻抗內阻
外文關鍵詞:lead-acid batteryAC impedanceinternal impedance
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鉛酸電池廣泛的應用於備用電源與電動載具,使用上若能預先診斷電池老化現象將有助於提高電能系統可靠度。電池老化過程除了容量會降低,其電池內阻值亦會上升,故量測電池內阻值可作為判斷電池老化的參考,但電池之內阻值甚小,在充、放電過程進行量測之困難度極高,也較易受到負載效應或設備雜訊之干擾,無法正確量測電池之內阻值。本論文依據交流阻抗法,研製交流阻抗量測電路,測量電池在充放電模式下的交流阻抗,可測得電池阻抗值變化,作為電池老化診斷技術之參考,經實驗驗證本文所提出之阻抗量測電路可達到預期的效果。
Lead-acid battery has been widely used in back-up power and electric vehicle. The reliability of battery can be improved if the age of battery can be predicted. The capacity of battery will reduce as the age of battery, and AC impedance of battery will also increase as the age of battery. Hence, the variation of AC impedance of battery can be used to predict the age of battery. The AC impedance of battery is very small, so that the measurement of the AC impedance of battery during charge/discharge is a very hard work due to the load effect and interference causing by the operation of power electronic devices. In this thesis, a circuit for measuring the AC impedance of battery during charge/discharge is developed. The experimental results verify that the developed measurement has the expected performance.
摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
圖 目 錄 vi
表 目 錄 ix
符 號 說 明 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前 言 1
1.2 研究動機與目標 1
第二章 鉛酸電池之介紹 3
2.1 鉛酸電池的簡介 3
2.1.1 鉛酸電池的內部構造 4
2.1.2 鉛酸電池的化學原理 7
2.1.3 鉛酸電池內部電池單元(Cell)的連接方式 8
2.1.4 電池之等效模型 9
2.2 鉛酸電池的特性 11
2.2.1 鉛酸電池的壽命診斷標準 11
2.2.2 溫度補償 13
2.2.3 電池的容量 14
2.2.4 電池的應用 14
2.2.5 電池的均化技術 16
2.2.6 鉛酸電池的老化 18
2.3 電池的充電法則 19
2.3.1 定電壓充電法 20
2.3.2 定電流充電法 21
2.3.3 混合定電流╱定電壓充電法 21
2.3.4 脈衝充電法 22
2.4 鉛酸電池之殘電量偵測 23
2.4.1 內阻法 23
2.4.2 起始放電電壓法 24
2.4.3 比重計法 24
2.4.4 開路電壓法 25
2.4.5 加載電壓法 25
2.4.6 庫侖量測法 26
第三章 鉛酸電池內阻量測方法 27
3.1 直流內阻法(DC Internal Resistance) 27
3.2 交流阻抗法(AC Impedance ) 30
3.2.1 阻抗量測方法 30
3.2.2 交流阻抗特性 31
3.3 四線量測方法(Four-Terminal Method) 34
第四章 在線式鉛酸電池交流阻抗量測方法 35
4.1 阻抗量測架構 35
4.1.1 交流阻抗值計算 37
4.2 負載效應對交流阻抗量測的影響 38
4.2 激勵信號源 42
4.3 量測電路信號處理流程 43
4.4 阻抗量測實驗系統架構 49
4.4.1 實驗條件與參數設定 51
4.4.2 實驗步驟 52
第五章 量測結果與分析 54
5.1 總電壓與流入UPS設備電流 信號分析 54
5.2 量測電路信號分析 57
5.3不同放電功率下阻抗量測 62
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 76
6.1 結論 76
6.2 未來研究方向 76
參考文獻 77
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