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研究生:黃智煌
研究生(外文):Chih-Huang Huang
論文名稱:海流發電系統之變頻器負載特性分析
論文名稱(外文):Load Characteristics Analysis of Inverter of Ocean Current Power Generation System
指導教授:蘇琨祥蘇琨祥引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kun-Shian Su
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄應用科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系博碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:121
中文關鍵詞:最大功率追蹤電流諧波田口方法反應曲面法
外文關鍵詞:ocean current modulemaximum power trackingload current THDTaguchi MethodResponse Surface Method
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本文主要在於建立模擬海流發電的發電架構與其輸出端電源整合架構。透過事先的3D模型繪製,然後進行實體架構搭建與補強以建立起本文所使用的模擬海流發電所需水槽。透過水槽的建立本文將分析(1)發電機輸出端電壓直接饋入負載與(2)透過變頻器再饋入負載,兩者所求得最大功率點之間的差異性,且一併討論(3)變頻器採用單極性電壓脈波寬度調變技術對負載電流諧波的影響。以實驗設計之田口方法與反應曲面法討論影響上述三種實驗結果的因素,進一步探討海流發電的發電特性與負載特性。
This thesis mainly focuses on the investigation of ocean current power generation system and the assessment of its load characteristics. In experimental setup, an ocean current producing unit with an 4 ton capacity water tank is constructed for evaluating the power generation produced by the ocean energy.More specified, in the water tank, the ocean current drives a generator to rotate such that the generator provides with the power to a load. In this thesis, the power efficiency will be evaluated for converted power and unconverted power. Furthermore, an inverter driven by unipolar pulse width modulation (PWM) technology will be discussed for further evaluating the power harmonics. For achieving the optimal design to provide a preferred power generation performance, Taguchi method and response surface method will be employed in this thesis.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與目的 1
1.2研究動機 2
1.3國內 外技術發展現況與未來趨勢 2
1.4論文架構 5
第二章動態式與靜態式海流發電原理介紹 7
2.1海流發電型式 7
2.1.1 靜態式海流發電原理 8
2.1.2靜態式海流發電模組架構設計 9
2.1.3 動態式海流發電原理 11
2.1.4 海流發電水槽機構設計 13
2.2 台灣週遭水文資料 23
第三章海流發電變頻器驅動系統與諧波討論 30
3.1 變頻器 30
3.2 其他輔助電路 31
3.2.1驅動級電路 31
3.2.2輔助電源電路 33
3.2.3濾波器電路設計 34
3.2.4電感繞線設計 36
3.3單晶片微處理機介紹 39
3.3.1高功能、改良式精簡指令集的中央控制器: 40
3.3.2數位訊號處理(DSP)引擎功能︰ 41
3.3.3週邊功能︰ 41
3.3.4馬達控制波寬調變模組功能: 42
3.3.5定位編碼器QEI(Quadrature Encoder Interface)介面模組功能︰ 45
3.3.6類比功能: 45
3.3.7特殊的微控制器功能: 45
3.3.8 CMOS技術: 46
3.3.9 MPLAB 介紹 46
3.4 正弦波脈波寬度調變 48
3.4.1雙極性電壓切換 53
3.4.2單極性電壓切換 54
3.5諧波 56
3.5.1諧波的定義與經驗公式 56
3.5.2諧波失真率公式 58
第四章 實驗結果分析與探討 59
4.1靜態式海流發電發電實驗 59
4.2海流發電機三相交流負載測試 61
4.3變頻器端交流負載最大功率 67
4.4變頻器負載端電流總諧波失真 75
第五章實驗設計方法 81
5.1田口品質工程簡介 82
5.2雙反應曲面法簡介 82
5.2.1實驗設計組合表 84
5.2.2模型建構 85
5.2.3雙反應曲面法參數優化:平均值與變異數之最佳化 86
5.3案例一 88
5.4案例二 93
5.4.1變頻器端負載電流總諧波失真模型建構 95
5.4.2變頻器端負載電流總諧波失真參數設計 99
5.5案例三 100
5.6案例四 103
5.6.1交流負載最大功率模型建構 105
5.6.2交流負載最大功率參數設計 108
5.7案例五 109
5.8案例六 111
5.8.1變頻器端交流負載最大功率模型建構 112
5.8.2變頻器端交流負載最大功率參數設計 116
第六章 討論與結論 118
6.1 結論 118
6.2 未來展望 120
參考文獻 122
附錄一 詞彙中英對照(依照出現順序) 128
附錄二 符號定義表(依照出現順序) 130
作者簡歷 133
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