跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.229.142.104) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/27 08:03
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林巧宜
研究生(外文):Chiao-Yi Lin
論文名稱:東南亞國家協會的國際(泛)領域暨議題--以印尼霾害問題為例
論文名稱(外文):International Regimes in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: A Case Study of Indonesia Haze
指導教授:俞劍鴻俞劍鴻引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kien-Hong Yu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:銘傳大學
系所名稱:國際事務研究所碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:環境保護治理國際(泛)領域暨議題霾害
外文關鍵詞:international regimesgovernanceenvironment problemhaze
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:567
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:4
傳統國際關係的「統治」,在全球化的影響下,與非政府組織、跨國企業的加入,逐漸轉化為「治理」,「國際(泛)領域暨議題」更是治理最重要的工具。環境保護問題一直是近年來人類迫須面對的問題,包括臭氧層破洞、溫室氣體、全球暖化等,由「蒙特婁公約」、「聯合國氣候變化綱要公約」與「京都議定書」,我們可以知道,國際社會已經意識到「地球只有一個」的重要性。
身處亞洲,近年最受矚目的環境議題,即是「印尼霾害」問題,原為單一國家的環境污染,隨著季風的吹拂而變得區域化,影響了周遭鄰國,包括新加坡、泰國、馬來西亞,與汶萊等國,濃濃的煙霧造成交通運輸大亂,空氣品質受影響,居民健康也深受危害,甚至嚴重影響了東南亞國家的觀光產業。東南亞國家的對話平台—東南亞國家國協,積極處理霾害問題,但卻效力不彰。
因此,本文將自環保問題出發,融合治理,與國際(泛)領域暨議題,透過分析國際上重要的環保里程碑「聯合國氣候變化綱要公約」與「京都議定書」,如何突破重重障礙,完成簽署達到生效,以及所代表的重大意義,進而探討霾害問題遲遲無法解決的原因,包括東協「不干涉內政原則」,與印尼政府不願配合,並提出三項加強跨境環境治理能力的方法,包括加強環境機制的合作性、提昇資訊公開透明度,與深化民間力量以加強合作。
With the trend of globalization, and the influence of non-governmental organizations and trans-national business, “international governance” and “international regimes” take the place of the traditional concept,” sovereignty.” In recent years, the ozone holes, greenhouse gases, and global warming are getting serious that people have to face them urgently. We can realize that international society has sensed “we only have one earth” through the Montreal Protocol (MP), the United Nations Framework on the Climate Change (UNFCC), and Kyoto Protocol (KP).
In Asia, the Indonesia haze problem has been highly publicized recently. It is an environmental problem of single country however with the winnowing of monsoon, it becomes a regional problem. Heavy smog influences residents’ health, traffic, even tourism of Southeast Asian countries. Since the most important forum in this area, Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) helps these countries to cope with haze problem, haze still happens each year without any improvement.
Therefore, this article will combine two concepts,” international governance” and “international regimes’, to study the environmental problems. I will analyze how does UNFCC and KP, environmental cooperation landmarks, do reach? How do they consensus through numerous of barriers? What is their significance? Moreover, I will discuss the reasons why the haze problem cannot be resolved in many years. Is that the ASEAN way? Why would the Indonesian government refuse cooperation? In conclusion, I will sum up three ways to strengthen the capability of environmental governance.
表目錄……...……………………………..………………………………………......vi
圖目錄……...………………………….…..…………………………………………vii
第一章 緒論 .…………………..………………………………………………..….1
第一節 研究背景與動機 .……………………………………...……………1
壹 研究背景…………………........…………………….……………..…1
貳 研究動機………………...………….…..………...………………..…5
第二節 研究目的與問題…………………………………….….……………8
壹 研究目的………………….………………….……..………….......…8
貳 研究問題………………….………………….……..…………….….10
第三節 研究設計….……………….………………….……..………..…….12
第四節 研究方法………………….…………...…….………………...……13
第五節 研究限制與範圍……………….……………….…………..………16
壹 研究限制………………….……………………………....…….……17
貳 研究範圍………………….………………………….………………17
第二章 相關文獻回顧……………….……………….……………………….….18
第一節 國際/全球治理…………….……………….…………………….…18
第二節 國際(泛)領域暨議題…….……………………………...….…….21
壹 國際組織、國際制度,與國際(泛)領域暨議題………….……21
貳 解釋international regimes的三種理論……………….…….….......23
第三節 學者針對international regimes的定義與解釋……………….……35
第三章 國際環境合作公約…………….……………………………….………..43
第一節 全球變暖的原因及影響.…………………………….………………43
第二節 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約…………………………………………..45
壹 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約產生的背景及原因……………..………..45
貳 聯合國氣候變化綱要公約確立的基本原則……………………..…..49
第三節 京都議定書……………………………………………………..…….50
壹 京都議定書的基本內容……………………………………………..51
貳 京都議定書的生效…………………………………………………..53
參 京都議定書的實施問題……………………………………………..54
肆 京都議定書的實際影響……………………………………………..55
伍 京都議定書的意義及其存在的問題……………………………….56
六 未來國際氣候制度的建構………………………………………….59
第四章 印尼霾害問題……………………………………………………………62
第一節 霾害背景簡介.………………………..……………………………..63
第二節 霾害的起因與影響.………………………..………………………..64
第三節 印尼政府因應措施與國際援助……………………………………..66
第四節 霾害問題的結構分析………………………………………………..68
第五節 東協與東南亞各國的回應與合作……………………..………….…70
第五章 東協外交態度的轉變……………………………………………………79
第一節 不干涉內政原則………………………………………………..…..80
第二節 不干涉內政原則於東協的實際體現…………………………...….81
第三節 受到挑戰的不干涉內政原則……………………………………....82
第四節 從建設性干預到增加相互影響…………………………………....86
第六章 結論………………………………………………………………………..90
參考文獻……………………………………………………………………………..92
壹、中文部份
一、書籍
王玉民,《社會科學研究方法原理》,台北:洪葉,民83。
王杰,《國際機制論》。北京:新華出版社,民91。
王恩湧,《政治地理學》,北京:高等教育出版社,民87。
余俊,〈中國與東南亞自由貿易區環境合作法律機制探討〉,《廣西民族學院學報(哲學社會科學版)》,民91. 6。
肖歡容譯,David A. Baldwin主編,《新現實主義和新自由主義》,杭州:浙江人民出版社,民90。
袁正清譯,Martha Finnemore著,《國際社會中的國家利益》,杭州:浙江人民出版社,民90。
張坤、曹鳳中與任勇,《環境與可持續發展:聯合國氣候變化框架公約》,北京:中國環境科學出版社,民88。
郭承天著,《國際建制與國際組織》,台北:時英,民85。
陳文俊譯,Earl Babbie著,《社會科學研究方法》。台北:雙葉,民95。
楊歧鳴等譯,Hans Joachim Morgenthau著,《國家間的政治:為權力與和平的鬥爭》。北京:商務印書館,民82。
楊振富、潘勛譯,Thomas Friedman著,《世界是平的》。台北:雅言文化,民94。林健三,《環境規劃與管理》。台北:文笙書局,民95。
蔡繼光、李振昌與霍達文譯,Thomas Friedman著,《瞭解全球化》。台北:聯經,民89。
蘇長和譯,Robert O. Keohane著,《霸權之後》。上海:上海世紀出版集團,民90。

二、期刊
白伊麗,〈美國看全球環境〉,《世界環境》,第1期,民89,頁6-8。
任勇,〈國際環境形勢與重大對策研究問題分析〉,《世界環境》,第4期,民86,頁6-9。
曲如曉,〈環境政策的全球化〉,《世界經濟與政治》,第1期,民90。
呂學都,〈聯合國氣候框架公約:第五次締約方會議進展及展望〉,《世界經濟與政治》,第5卷,民89,頁70-74。
宋學文、楊昊,〈整合理論研究之趨勢與運用:東南亞區域安全的分析〉,《政治科學論叢》,第28期,民95.6,頁39-89。
李文,〈東南亞國家的政治變革與社會轉型〉,《當代亞太》,第9卷,民94。
俞劍鴻,〈中華戰略學刊〉,《從兩岸一中僵局建構南海與台灣周邊「利基睦」(Regimes)》,95 年夏季刊,民95,頁171-184。
秦亞青,〈國際制度與國際合作:反思新自由制度主義〉,《外交學院學報》,第1期,民87。
張亞中,〈全球治理:主體與權力的解析〉,《問題與研究》,第40卷,第4期,民90.7,頁2。
郭寶章,〈印尼林火與霾害震撼〉,《台灣林業期刊》,24卷,第1期,民87. 2,頁25-33。
陳玉梅,〈火燒印尼,霾害再起?〉,《遠見雜誌》,民87.4.5,頁190-193。
陳迎,〈京都議定書:環境保護的國際大較量〉,《世界知識》,第20 期,民91。
陸亞琴,〈環境合作:東協合作的新議題〉,《雲南財經大學學報》,第18期,第3卷,民92. 8. 11,頁17-19。
楊昊,〈微型區域主義:在東南亞跨域霾害治理上的挑戰與適應〉,《遠景基金會季刊》,第7卷,第3期,民95.7,頁139-186。
賈炅、焦志延,〈京都議定書及其靈活機制〉,《世界環境》,第1卷, 民87, 頁19-23。
蔡增家,〈亞歐會議經濟議程的建構與發展(1996-2004)〉,《亞太通訊研究》,第3期,頁1-29。
鍾京佑,〈全球治理與公民社會:台灣非政府組織參與國際社會的觀點〉,《政治科學論叢》,第18 期,民92.6,頁24。
______,〈全球至理與國際建制:行為主體與行為模式〉,《國際關係學報》,第21期,民95.1,頁113-139。
韓昭慶,〈京都議定書的背景及其相關問題分析〉,《復旦學報》,第2期,民91,頁102。

三、論文
Tay, Simon S. C., Maria Seda, Louis Lebel, 和Lee Poh Ohn,〈亞洲的環境與區域合作〉,建立亞洲的明天第三次對話提供的論文,曼谷,民91。
林宜蒓,〈國際氣候合作建制形成之研究--以《京都議定書》為例〉,碩士論文,中興大學國際政治研究所,民96。
俞劍鴻,<國際(泛)領域暨議題與國際建制:哪一個專門術語比較精確?>,銘傳大學國際事務研究所,民97.2。
______,〈研討會手稿〉,「International / Global Governance in a Globalizing World」學術研討會,銘傳大學國際事務所主辦,台北,民96.3。

五、報紙
俞劍鴻,〈以何來打破邦交國數目的迷思〉,《聯合報》,民96.4.27,版A15。
梁東屏,〈印尼放火燒林,紅毛星星陪葬〉,《中國時報》,民95.11.10,版A17。

六、網路
《星洲日報》,〈除了道歉,印尼還準備做什麼?〉,《星洲互動:煙霾來襲》,http://www.sinchew-i.com/special/haze2005/focus.phtml? sec=737&artid=200508101296,民94. 8. 10。
《環保人網站》,〈隨風漂流的污染:森林大火燒印尼〉,《環保人網站》,http://www.epman.cn/book/neibhbor/1-1.htm,民92。
BBC Chinese,〈全球氣候會議以失敗告終〉,http://news.bbc.co.uk/chinese/trad/hi/newsid_1040000/newsid_1040100/1040160.stm,民89. 11. 25。
中央社,〈消防預算有限,印尼撲滅林火工作停頓〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/8/n1480305.htm,民95. 10. 8。
中央社,〈霾害侵襲馬國,吉隆坡空氣品質差〉,《大紀元時報》,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/6/8/8/n1415038.htm,民95. 8. 8。
中央社,〈霾害嚴重,大馬沙撈越飛航被迫中斷〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/5/n1477671.htm,民95. 10. 5。
中央社,〈霾害嚴重,大馬沙撈越飛航被迫中斷〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/5/n1477671.htm,民95. 10. 5。
台灣省經濟部國際貿易局,〈世界氣候會議談判破裂〉,《主要國家經貿政策分析月刊》,http://www.moea.gov.tw/~ecobook/masterna/8911/c1.htm#1,民89. 11。
余歌滄,〈新加坡向聯大提出霾害問題引發印尼不滿〉,《大紀元時報》,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/6/11/5/n1510539.htm,民95. 11. 5。
康世人,〈印尼林火影響,新加坡多日陷入霾害〉,《大紀元時報》,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/6/9/8/n1447833.htm,民95. 9. 8。
______,〈馬國反對黨到印尼大使館抗議霾害問題〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/10/n1482547.htm,民95. 10. 10。
______,〈新發起緊急會議邀馬印泰汶討論霾害問題〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/111/n1483356.htm,民95. 10. 11。
______,〈研究顯示新加坡月來因霾害損失近八千萬新元〉,《大紀元時報》,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/6/10/12/n1485273.htm,民95. 10. 12。
______,〈東協五國將設部長級委員會監督解決霾害污染〉,《大紀元時報》,http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/6/10/14/n1487002.htm,民95. 10. 14。
陳毓平,〈煙霾飄向馬半島北方,檳城朗卡威陷入霧陣〉,《大紀元時報》,請見http://news.epochtimes.com/b5/5/8/14/n1018202.htm,民94. 8. 14。
楊立傑編,〈東南亞國家聯盟(東盟)及其主要合作機制〉,《新華網》,請見http://big5.xinhuanet.com/gate/big5/news.xinhuanet.com/ziliao/2002-10/28/content_610510.htm
楊璧如編譯,〈印尼泥炭地大火,霾害惡化,生物受脅。〉,《台灣環境資訊中心》,http://e-info.org.tw/node/26102。
羅彥傑編譯,〈印尼霾害蔓延,殃及星馬〉,《台灣大紀元時報》,http://tw.epochtimes.com/bt/6/10/8/n1479765.htm,民95.10.8。

貳、西文部份

(I)Books
John Baylis and Steve Smith, The Globalization of World Politics—A Introduction to International Relations. Oxford : Oxford University press, 2001.
Norman K. Denzin, The Research Act: A theoretical Introduction Sociological Methods. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1989.
James Fearon and Alexander Wendt,” Rationalism and Constructivism: A Skeptical View in Walter Carlsnaes,” Beth A Simmons, and Thomas Risse eds., Handbook of International Relations, Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 2002.
Martha Finnemore, National Interests in International Society. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1996.
Stephen Gill and Law, David, The Global Economy: Perspective, Problems, Policies. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1988.
Barney G. Glaser and Strauss, A. L., Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago, IL: Aldine, 1967
Michael Grubb, Christiaan Vrolijk and Duncan Brack, The Kyoto Protocol-a Guide and Assessment. UK: Royal Institute of International Affairs and Earthscan Publications, 1999.
Andreas Hasenclever, Peter Mayer and Volker Rittberger, Theories of International regimes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
Robert O. Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Power and Interdependence: World Politics in Transition. Boston: Little, Brown, 1977.
Robert O. Keohane, After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in World Political Economy. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1984.
Robert O. Keohane, International Institutions and State Power. Boulder, C.O.: West view Press, 1989.
Stephen D. Krasner ed., International Regimes. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1983.
Li Lin Chang and Ramkishen S. Rajan, Regional Versus Multilateral Solutions to Transboundary Environmental Problems: Insights from the Southeast Asian Haze. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers Ltd., 2001.
McClintock, C. C., Brannon, D. & Maynard-Moody, S.,”Applying the logic of sample surveys to qualitative case studies: The case cluster method” in J. Van Maanen (Ed.). Qualitative Methodology. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1983.
Hans Joachim Morgenthau, Politics among nations: the Struggle for Power and Peace. New York: A. A. Knopf, 1948.
Joseph S. Nye Jr. and John D. Donahue, eds., Governance in a Globalizing World. Washington, DC: The Brooking Institution, 2000.
Michael Q. Patton, Qualitative evaluation and research methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, 1990.
Walter W. Powell and Paul J. Dimaggio, eds., The New Institutionalism in Organizational Analysis. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1991.
Volker Rittberger ed., Regime Theory and International Relations. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
James N. Rosenau and Ernst-Otto Czempiel, Governance without Government: Order and Change in World Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jan Aart Scholte, “The Globalization of World Politics,” in John Baylis & Steven Smith, eds., The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Schweithelm, J., T. Jessup and D. Clover,” Conclusions and Policy Recommendations”, in D. Glover and T. Jessup (eds.), Indonesia Fires and Haze: The Cost of Catastrophe, Singapore: Institution of Southeast Asian Studies and Ottawa: International Development Research Centre, 1999,
Beth A. Simmons and Lisa L. Martin,” International Organization and Institution in Walter Carlsnaes,” Beth A Simmons, and Thomas Risse eds., Handbook of International Relations, Newbury Park: Sage Publications, 2002.
Estrella D. Solidum, The Politics of ASEAN: An Introduction to Southeast Asian Regionalism, Singapore: Eastern University Press, 2003.
Carlyle A Thayer, Cambodia and Regional Stability: ASEAN and Constructive Engagement. Phnom Penh: CICP, 1998.
Richard P. Turco, Earth under Siege. UK: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Kenneth N. Waltz, Theory of International Politics. New York: McGraw Hill, 1979.
Whyte, W. F., Learning from the Field: A Guide from Experience. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage, 1984.
Commission on Global Governance, Our Global Neighborhood, New York: Oxford University Press Inc, 1995.

(II)Periodicals
S. Robert Aiken, “Runaway fires, Smoke-Haze Pollution, and Unnatural Disasters in Indonesia, “The Geographical Review, Vol. 94, No. 1, 2004, pp. 55-79.
James Cotton, “ The ‘Haze’ over Southeast Asia: Challenging the ASEAN Mode of Regional Engagement”, Pacific Affairs, Vol. 72, No. 3, 1999, pp. 331-349.
Shawn W. Crispin,” Breathtaking Results in Bangkok,” Far Eastern Economic Review, Vol. 164, No. 42, 2001, pp. 44-46.
Elizabeth Davis,” ASEAN Perspectives Toward the Global Environment,” World Environment, Vol. 1, 2000, p. 11.
Adam Easton and Claire Wallerstein,” El Causes Respiratory Problems in Asia,” The Lancet, Vol. 350, No. 9083, p. 1008.
John Funston,” Challenges Facing ASEAN in a More Complex Age,” Contemporary Southeast Asia, 1999, pp. 207-208.
Paul Guinnessy, “Nations Argue over Climate Treaty”, Physics Today, November 2000, p. 44.
Carolina Hernandez,” Towards Re - examining the Non -intervention Principle in ASEAN Political Cooperation”, Indonesian Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 3, 1998, p. 169.
IISD, Report of the third conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Earth Negotiations Bulletin, 1997, p. 76.
Jha, R. and J. Wahlley,” The Environment Linkages in the Resolution of Transboundary Externalities,” The World Economy, Vol. 22, 1999, pp. 25-40.
Robert W. Kates,” Editorial: Unnatural Disaster?” Environment, Vol. 39, No. 10, 1997, p. 1.
Robert O. Keohane, " International Institution: Two Approaches," International Studies Quarterly, Vol.32, 1988.
Quirine M. Ketterings. Titus Tri Wibowo, Meine Van Noordwijk and Eric Penot,“ Farmers’ Perspective on Slash-and-burn as a Land Clearing Method for Small-Scale Rubber Producers in Sepunggur, Jambi Province, Sumatra, Indonesia,” Forest Ecology and Management, No. 120, 1999, pp. 157-169.
Jeffrey Kluger,” A Climate of Despair”, Time, April 9, 2001, p. 30.
Stephen D. Krasner,“ Structural Causes and Regime Consequences: Regimes as Intervening Variables,” International Organization, Vol.36, No. 2, 1982 spring, p.187.
Kay Moller, “Cambodia and Burma: the ASEAN Way Ends Here”, Asian Survey, No. 12, 1998, p. 1090.
Janet Nichol,” Smoke Haze in Southeast Asia: A Predictable Recurrence,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 14/15, 1998, p. 2715.
S. Tahir Qadri, ed., Fire, Smoke and Haze: The ASEAN Response Strategy, Manila: Asian Development Bank, 2001, pp. 59-60.
Robin Ramcharan,” ASEAN and Non-interference: A Principle Maintained”, Contemporary Southeast Asia, 2000, p. 68.
Sue J. Robert,” Tropical Fire Ecology,” Progress in Physical Geography, Vol. 24, No.2, 2000, pp. 281-288.
Arthur H. Rosenfeld, “Technologies to Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Next Decade”, Physics Today, November 2000, p. 29.
Arthur. A Stein, “Coordination and Collaboration: Regime in an Anarchic World,” International Organization, Vol.36, No.2, 1982 spring, pp.299-301.
Simon S. C. Tay,” What Should Be Done about the Haze”, The Indonesian Quarterly, No2, Second Quarter, 1998, p. 110.
Simon S. C. Tay,” ASEAN: The Haze, Economics and the Environment”, Bridge: Between Trade and Sustainable Development, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1998, p. 14.
David A. Taylor, “The ABCs of Haze,” Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 111, No.1, January 2003, pp. A21
Michael Vatikiotis, “Official Fog: Countrywide Haze Spark Alarm and Health Fear,” Far Eastern Economic Review, Vol. 154, No. 46, p.24.
Oran Young, "The Politics of International regimes Formation: Managing Natural Resources and the Environment," International Organization, Vol.43, No.3, 1989, pp. 351-352.

(III)Conference Papers
James C. HSIUNG, “International Governance and Regime: Mitigation of Anarchy”, paper presented at the ASEAN’s Affiliated NGOs in the Context of Global Governance: Lessons for the Republic of China (Taiwan), Taipei, Taipei, March 2005, p. 11.
Herman Kraft ,“ The Principle of Non - intervention and ASEAN: Evolution and Emerging Challenges”, Strategic @ Defense Studies Center, Australia: Australian National University, Working Paper ,No. 344.
Peter Kien-hong YU, “What is Good Governance in a Partially Globalized World? Paradigm Shift,” Graduate School of International Affairs, Ming Chuan University, 2006.
Peter Kien-hong YU,” Does Beijing Understand the Term, International Regimes?” (Draft), Graduate School of international affairs, Ming Chuan University, 2007.1.
Peter Kien-hong, Yu, “A Note on the proper Chinese Transliteration/Translations for the Jargon International regimes,” unpublished paper dated, December 2007, p.3.
Peter Kein-hong YU,“ International Governance will replace Realism/neo- realism, etc. as the primary paradigm in the study of international relations in 10-15 years—prediction by Professor James C. Hsiung, New York University, dated December 2005,” Graduate School of international affairs, Ming Chuan University.

(IV)Documents
An Agenda for Peace Preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peace-keeping, Report of the Secretary-General pursuant to the statement adopted by the Summit Meeting of the Security Council on 31 January 1992
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution
ASEAN Cooperation Plan on Transboundary Pollution and appendix: Establishment of Haze Technical Task Force By ASEAN Senior Officials on Environment.
International Energy Annual year 2008
Kyoto Protocol
National Development Planning Agency Report, Government of Indonesia, 1999.
Regional Haze Action Plan
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
UN Charter
UN General Assembly Resolution 2131, Dec. 21, 1965.
Year book of International Organization, Union of International Association, Sep. 1, 1990, 28th edition, pp. 16-45.

(V)Newspaper
Bangkok Post, 24 July, 1997, p. A1.
New Straits Times, 26 July, 1998, p. 2.

(VI)Internet
24-hr PSI Index in Singapore, http://app.nea.gov.sg/psi/.
Chris Rolfe, Undermining the Kyoto Protocol, http://www.wcel.org/wcelpub/2000/13084.Html
RHAP CSU ASEAN Secretariat, Haze Online, 2005, http://www.haze-online.or.id/
RHAP CSU ASEAN Secretariat,” Susilo Hopes Haze not an Issue on ASEAN Summit’s Agenda,” Haze Online, June 19, 2006, http://www.haze-online.or.id/news.php/ID=20060619103315.
Sunchindah, A.,” The AEASN Approach to Regional Environmental Management,” http://www.aseansee.org/secgen/articles/as_arem.htm/
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top