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研究生:郭馬定
研究生(外文):Groch, Martin
論文名稱:MarketforNuclearDesalinationSystemsinChinaandIndia
指導教授:郭更生郭更生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo, Geng Sheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:企業管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:Nuclear Desalination Systems
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Growth of population, affluence, industrialization and urbanization drive both the demand for fresh water and the demand for electric energy upwards. China and India with their large and growing populations and quick industrialization are markets with large unmet demand for electric energy and fresh water. Literature often suggests that fresh water crisis is a major threat to sustainable development in 21st century.
Nuclear desalination systems are power plants based on small nuclear power generating units connected to a desalination unit. Nuclear desalination systems are capable of cogenerating electricity and fresh water at low cost. This paper identifies market opportunities for nuclear desalination systems and forecasts the demand for nuclear desalination systems in China and India from 2008 to 2030.
1 Introduction 4
1.1 Demand for electric energy and power plants 4
1.2 Demand for fresh water 5
1.3 Demand for hydrogen and hydrogen production plants 6
1.4 Market solution 8
1.4.1 Safety of nuclear desalination systems 8
1.4.2 Economical feasibility of nuclear reactor powered desalination systems 9
1.4.3 Nuclear desalination systems as a solution for demand for electricity 9
1.4.4 Nuclear desalination systems as a solution for demand for fresh water 10
1.4.5 Nuclear desalination systems as a solution for hydrogen demand 10
1.5 The demand for nuclear desalination systems 12
2 Methodology 13
2.1 Relevant markets and time frame 13
2.2 Input data 14
2.3 Data processing 14
3 Technology 17
3.1 Discussed technologies 17
3.2 Nuclear power plant 18
3.2.1 Nuclear reactor and primary cooling circuit 19
3.2.2 Steam generator and secondary cooling circuit 20
3.2.3 Steam turbine and power generation 26
3.2.4 Tertiary cooling circuit 27
3.3 Desalination plant 28
3.3.1 Multi effect desalination 30
3.3.2 Reverse osmosis 30
3.4 Hydrogen production plant 31
4 Markets for Electricity, Fresh water and Hydrogen 33
4.1 Demand for electric energy 33
4.1.1 Demand for nuclear energy generation capacity 36
4.1.2 Demand for installed output of nuclear power plants 41
4.2 Demand for fresh water 42
4.3 Demand for desalination capacity 47
4.4 Demand for hydrogen 50
5 The demand for nuclear desalination systems 53
5.1 Cost drivers and revenue streams 53
5.2 Basal demand 58
5.2.1 Basal demand for SNPGUs based LCNPPs 59
5.2.2 Basal demand for desalination plants 60
5.2.3 Basal demand for hydrogen generation plants 61
5.3 Synergic demand for nuclear desalination systems 61
5.4 Research results – the demand for nuclear desalination systems 63
6 Conclusion 65
7 References 67
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