跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.110.106) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/29 16:46
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:藍文君
論文名稱:召集委員的性別權力模式-以第五屆立法院為例
指導教授:楊婉瑩楊婉瑩引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:政治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:政治學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:141
中文關鍵詞:性別權力召集委員權力行使模式
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:203
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究以立法院委員會召集委員的權力行使為研究主軸,主要探討在委員會議中,召集委員擔任會議主席所展現的權力行使行為,以及影響其行為的各項因素。首先針對影響召集委員權力行使的各項因素進行t檢定、變異數分析以及多重比較,檢視性別相關及非性別相關因素與召委權力行使行為的關係,以了解影響召委權力行使的重要因素。接著利用立法院公報對召委權力行使行為做文本分析,再針對影響召委權力行使的兩大類因素對合併後的依變數(召委的權力行使模式分數)做多元直線迴歸分析之普通最小平方法(OLS)分析,藉由模型的建立來加以檢證並估計各個變數對於召委權力行使模式的影響程度。
研究結果發現法案來源、委員會性別比例、召委對法案的態度、法案性質及組織文化這五個變數對於召委的權力行使有影響,說明了影響召委權力行使模式的因素除了來自於性別相關因素,也受到組織環境因素的影響,其中又以法案性質因素和組織環境因素為最重要,顯示召委的權力行使模式已經跳脫過去強調生理性別的刻板印象,而取決於條件式的因素,尤其是和性別有關的變數,更是扮演著重要的角色。
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………. 1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………. 4
第三節 研究流程與章節安排…………………………………. 5

第二章 文獻回顧與理論
第一節 性別與權力……………………………………………. 9
第二節 召集委員的權力與行使……………………………… 15
第三節 性別化權力行使模式的型態與解釋………………… 27

第三章 研究方法與設計
第一節 理論基礎與研究假設………………………………… 37
第二節 研究方法與變數建構………………………………… 52
第三節 分析單位與研究範圍………………………………… 61

第四章 影響召集委員權力行使之因素
第一節 性別相關因素之影響………………………………… 65
第二節 非性別相關因素之影響……………………………… 74
第三節 小結…………………………………………………… 90

第五章 召委權力行使模式之模型檢證
第一節 召委權力行使行為差異之文本分析………………… 95
第二節 依變數測量之穩定性檢證………………………….. 103
第三節 召委權力行使模式之模型檢證…………………….. 108
第四節 小結………………………………………………….. 112

第六章 結論
第一節 研究發現…………………………………………… 113
第二節 檢討與建議………………………………………… 118

參考文獻……………………………………………………………. 121

附錄一 本研究所有變數之次數分配表………………………….. 131
附錄二 各會期各委員會法案供給量及其類別………………….. 137
附錄三 第五屆各委員會召集委員名冊………………………….. 138
一、中文部份(依姓氏筆劃由少至多排列)

王石番
1991 《傳播內容分析法:理論與實證》,二版,台北:幼獅出版社。
王雅各
1999 《台灣婦女解放運動史》,台北:巨流圖書公司。
李美枝、鍾秋玉
1996 〈性別與性別角色析論〉,本土心理學研究,6:260-299。
林小鳳
2003 「性別組成對衝突處理的影響」,國立交通大學管理科學研究所碩士論文。
林瑞雯
2003 「立法院委員會與黨團協商制度之研究(1999-2002)」,國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
吳昌錫
1995 「立法院常設委員會功能之硏究」,東海大學公共行政硏究所碩士論文。
盛杏湲
2000 〈立法委員為什麼遊走在不同的委員會?〉,林繼文編,《政治制度》:
361-399。台北:中央研究院。
梁雙蓮
1994 〈超越對立走向整合—評析石之瑜「女性主義論憲政民主」〉,社會科學論叢,42:25-30。
黃秀端
2000 〈立法院內不同類型委員會的運作方式〉,東吳政治學報,11:35-70。
2001 〈立法院委員會制度糾謬―立法效率與品質為何不好〉,當代,53:86-97。
黃長玲
2001 〈婦女保障名額到性別比例原則— 兩性共治的理論與實踐〉,問題與研究,40(3):69-82。
黃煥榮
2000 「組織中玻璃天花板效應之研究」,國立政治大學公共行政研究所博士論文。
2005 〈組織中戀情關係之理論探討:研究命題與整合性分析架構之建立〉,行政暨政策學報,41:115-148。
黃麗香
1999 「國會政黨的組織誘因與立法團結:以第二屆立法院為例的探討」,東吳大學政治學研究所碩士論文。
黃麗蓉
1996 「組織中的女性領導」,國立政治大學公共行政硏究所碩士論文。
黃競涓
2001 「女性主義在臺灣政治學研究的困境-漠視與矛盾」,香港社會科學學報,19:91-114。
曾濟群
1976 《立法院常設委員會之研究》。台北:正中。
曾濟群、王元廷
2003 〈立法院常設委員會運作之評析〉,中山人文社會科學期刊,(1): 1-26。
張麗春、李怡娟
2004 〈賦權概念分析〉,護理雜誌,51(2):84-90。
楊日青
1992 《立法院常設委員會之結構與功能分析》。台北:行政院國家科學委
員會科資中心。
楊婉瑩
2000 〈婦女的政治機會結構析論〉,國立中山大學社會科學季刊,2(4):65-96。
2001a 〈由民主代議政治的理論與實踐檢視性別比例原則〉,人文及社會科學集刊,13(3):305-344。
2001b 〈性別差異下的立法院〉,政治科學論叢,15:135-169。
2002 〈立法院委員會的決策角色:以第三屆立法院為例〉,問題與研究,41(4):83-113。
2003 〈台灣與美國國會委員會:結構功能比較〉,楊日青主編,《兩岸立法政策與立法運作》:317-357。台北:韋伯。
鄭勝元
2005 「立法院召集委員議程設定之硏究 : 以政黨為核心之分析」,國立政治大學政治硏究所碩士論文。
蕭怡靖
2005 〈我國立法院資深制度之探討-委員會遊走及召集委員會資深度之變
遷〉,政治科學論叢,25:105-134。


二、英文部分(依字母順序排列)

Blair, D. D. and J. R. Stanley
1991 “Personal Relationships and Legislative Power: Male and Female Perceptions.”Legislative Studies Quarterly,16(4):495-507
Budd, R. W. et al.
1967 Content Analysis of Communication. New York: Macmillan.
Burns, J. M.
1978 Leadership. Harper & Row. New York.
Carroll, S. J.
1985 “Women as Candidates in American Politics.”Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Case, S. S.
1994 “Gender Difference in Communication and Behavior in Organization.”In Women In Management: Current Research Issues, ed. Marilyn J. Davidson and Ronald J. Burke. London: Paul Chapman Publishing.
Carroll, S. J., D. L. Dodson, and R. B. Mandel
1991 The Impact of Women in Public Office: CAWP.
Chou, Bih-er, C. Clark, and J. Clark
1990 “Women in Taiwan politics : overcoming barriers to women's participation in a modernizing society.”Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc.
Clark, J., R. Darcy, S. Welch, and M. Ambrosius
1985 “Women as Legislative Candidates in Six States.”In Political Women: Current Roles in State and Local Government,ed. J. A. Flammang. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.
Correa, M. E., E. Klein, W. Stone, J. Astrachan, E. Kossek, and M. Komarraju
1988 “Reaction to Women in Authority:The Impact of Gender on Learning in Group Relations Conferences.”Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 24:219-233
Dahl, R.
1957 “The Concept of Power.”Behavioral Science,2:201-215
Dahlerup, D.
1986 “The New women's movement : feminism and political power in Europe and the USA London.”Beverly Hills : Sage.
1988 “From a Small to a Large Minority.”Scandinavian Political Studies, 11:275-299.
Darcy, R., S. Welch, and J. Clark
1987 “Women, Elections, and Representation.”New York:Longman.
Diamond, I.
Diamond, I.
1977 “Sex Roles in the State House.”New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Duerst-Lahti, G. and R. M. Kelly
1995 “Gender power, leadership, and governance.”University of Michigan Press.
1995 “On Governance, Leadership, and Gender.”In Gender power, leadership, and governance, ed. by Georgia Duerst-Lahti and Rita Mae Kelly, Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press.
Dodson, D. L. and S. J. Carroll
1991 “Reshaping the Agenda:Women in State Lgislatures.”New Brunswick, NJ:Center for the American Women and Politics, Eagleton Institute, Rutgers University.
Eagly, A. H. and B. T. Johnson
1990 “Gender and Leadership Style:A Meta-analysis.”Psychological Bulletin, 108:233-256
Eagly, A. H. and W. Wood
2000 “A Call to Recognize the Breadth of Evolutionary Perspectives: Sociocultural Theories and Evolutionary Psychology.” Psychological Inquiry,11(1):52-55.
Elshtain, J. B.
1995 “Stories and Political Life.”PS: Political Science and Politics 28(2):196-197
Epstein, C.F.
1983 Women in the Law. NY:Anchor.
Fiedler, F. E.
1969 Leadership: a New Model, Leadership. Gibb, C. A. (Ed.). Baltimore,
Maryland: Penguin Books, Inc., p.231.
Flammang, J. A.
1985 “Female Officials in the Feminist Capital: The Case of Santa Clara County.”The Western Political Quarterly,38(1):94-118
Freire, P.
1973 “Education for Critical Consciousness.”New York: The Seabury Press.
Galligan, C.
1982 “In a Different Voice.”Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Gehlen., F. L.
1977 “Women Members of Congress: A Distinctive Role.”in M. Githens and J. Prestage(eds.) A Portrait of Marginality. New York: Mckay.
Gertzog, I. N.
1984 “Congressional Women: Their Recruitment, Treatment, and Behavior.”New York: Praeger.
Hatch, M. J.
1993 “The Dynamics of Organizational Culture” Academy of Management Review, 18(4):457-463.
Huddy, L.
1994 “The Political Significance of Voters’ Gender Stereotypes.”Research in Micropolitics,4:169-193.
Jewell, M. E. and M. L. Whicker
1993 “The Feminization of Leadership in State Legislatures.”PS: Political Science and Politics,26(4):705-712
1994 “Legislative Leadership in the American States.”University of Michigan Press.
Johnson, M. and S. Carroll
1978 “Statistical Report:Profile of Women Holding Office,1977.”In Women in Public Office:A Biographical Directory and Statistical Analysis,ed. Center for the American Women and Politics.Metuchen,NJ:Scarecrow Press.
Johnson, C.
1993 “Gender and Formal Authority.”Social Psychology Quarterly, 56(3):193-210
Johnson, P.
1976 “Women and Power: Towards a Theory of Effectiveness.”Journal of Social Issues, 32:99-110.
Jones , B. D., ed.
1989 “Leadership and Politics.”Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
Kanter, R. M.
1977 “Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women.”The American Journal of Sociology, 82(5):65-990.
Kathlene, L.
1989 “Uncovering the Political Impacts of Gender: An Exploratory Study.”The Western Political Quarterly ,42(2): 397-421.
1994 “Power and Influence in State Legislative Policymaking: The Interaction of Gender and Position in Committee Hearing Debates.”The American Political Science Review,88(3):560-576.
1995 “Position Power versus Gender Power:Who Holds the Floor?”In Gender power, leadership, and governance, ed. by Georgia Duerst-Lahti and Rita Mae Kelly, Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press
Kelly, R. M., M. A. Saint-Germain, and J. D. Horn
1991 “Female Public Oficials: A Different Voice?”Annals of the American Academy of the Political and Social Science 1991.
Kelly, R. M. and G. Duerst-Lahti
1995 “Toward gender awareness and gender balance in leadership and governance.” In Gender power, leadership, and governance, ed. by Georgia Duerst-Lahti and Rita Mae Kelly, Ann Arbor:University of Michigan Press.
Kenny, L. W. and W. L. Francis
1996 “Position Shifting in Pursuit of Higher Office.”American Journal of Political Science,40(3) :768-786.
Kirkpatrick, J. J.
1974 “Political Women.”NY: Basic Books.
Krippendorff , K.
1980 Content Analysis:An Introduction to Its Methodology. Beverly Hills, California: Sage.
Lipman-Blumen, J.
1984 “Gender Roles and Power.”Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.
Luttrell, W.
1995 “The Teachers, They All Had Their Pets’: Concepts of Gender, Knowledge, and Power.”In Rethinking the Political: Gender, Resistance, and State, ed. Barbara Laslett, Johanna Brenner, and Yesim Arat. Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
Mayhew, D.
1974 “Congress: The Electoral Connection. ” New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
Mainiero, L. A.
1989 Office Romance: Love, Power, and Sex in the Workplace. Rawson Associate, New York, NY.
Mandel, R.
1981 “In the Running: The New Woman Candidate.”New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Mattei, L. R. W.
1998 “Gender and Power in American Legislative Discourse.”The Journal of Politics,60(2):440-461
Mezey, S. G.
1978 “Support for Women’s Right’s Policy.”American Political Quarterly, 6:485-497.
Mezey, S. G.
1978 “Does Sex Make a Difference? A Case Study of Women in Politics.”The Western Political Quarterly,31(4):492-501.
1980 “The Effects of Sex on Recruitment: Local Connecticut Offices.”In Women in Local Politics, ed. Debra W. Stewart. Metchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.


Muller, C.
1982 “Feminism and the New Women in Public Office.”Women and Politics, 2:7-21
Norton, N.
1995 “Women, It’s Not Enough to Be Elected: Committee Position Makes a Difference.”in Gender power, leadership, and governance, ed. by Georgia Duerst-Lahti and Rita Mae Kelly, Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press.
Ragins, B. R. and E. Sundstrom
1989 “Gender and Power in Organizations: A Longitudinal Perspective.”Psychological Bulletin,105:51-88.
Randall, V.
1987 “Women and Politics.”Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Reingold , B.
1992 “Concepts of Representation among Female and Male State Legislators.” Legislative Studies Quarterly,17(4):509-537
1996 “Conflict and cooperation:legislative strategies and concepts of power among female and male state legislators.”The Journal of Politics, 58(2):464-485
Reskin, B.
1988 “Bringing the Men Back In: Sex Differentiation and the Devaluation of Women’s Work.”Gender and Society, 2:58-81.
Rhode, D. L.
1990 “Theoretical Perspective on Sexual Difference.”in Theoretical Perspective on Sexual Difference, D. L. Rhode ed.,New Haven: Yale Uiversity Press.
Rosenthal, C. S.
1998 “Determinants of Collaborative Leadership:Civic Engagement, Gender or Organizational Norms?”Political Research Quarterly,51(4):847-868
Saint-Germain, M. A.
1989 “Does Their Difference Make a Difference? The Impact of Women on Public Policy in the Arizona Legislature.”Social Science Quarterly, 70:956-968.
Smith, S. S. and C. J. Deering
1990 Committees in Congress. Second ed. Washington, D.C.:Congressional Quarterly Press.
Tamerius, K. L.
1993 “Does Sex Matter? Women Representing Women’s Interests in Congress.”Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Tannen, D.
1990 “You Just Don’t Understand: Women and Men in Conversation.”New York: Ballantine Books.
Thomas, S. and S. Welch
1991 “The Impact of Gender on Activities and Priorities of State Legislators.”The Western Political Quarterly,44(2):445-456
Thomas, S.
1991 “The Impact of Women on State Legislative Policies.”The Journal of Politics, 53(4):958-976
1994 How women legislate. New York : Oxford University Press.
Welch, S.
1978 “Recruitment of Women to Public Office: A Discriminant Analysis.”The Western Political Quarterly,31(3):372-380.
Yoder, J. D.
1991 “Rethinking Tokenism:Looking beyond Numbers.”Gender and
Society, 5(2):178-192.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊