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研究生:唐湘怡
研究生(外文):Eva Tang
論文名稱:來自人民的聲音新加坡諷刺播客Mr.BrownShow
論文名稱(外文):Voice from the people-- Singaporean satirical podcast Mr. Brown Show
指導教授:朱立朱立引用關係
指導教授(外文):Leonard Chu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:新聞研究所
學門:傳播學門
學類:新聞學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:104
中文關鍵詞:公民新聞學播客新加坡媒體政治諷刺
外文關鍵詞:citizen journalismpodcastSingapore mediapolitical satireMr. Brown Show
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新加坡是個經濟繁榮、法治嚴明、資訊科技發達的城市國家,主流平面及電子媒體由報業控股公司(SPH)及新傳媒(Media Corp.)兩大集團壟斷,奉行「政府說了算」的新聞學意理,網路使用普及後,公民媒體乘勢興起。
Mr. Brown Show是由新加坡人民製作的政治諷刺播客(podcast),主要作者為資深部落客李健敏(Mr. Brown),持續發聲已逾三年,廣受歡迎。播客內容多為重現新聞時事的幽默短劇,以人民的觀點針砭時政,實踐公民新聞學(citizen journalism)。
筆者以播客發聲至今顯著性高的新聞議題為指標,選出四大議題共二十三則播客,將之謄寫、節譯為文字稿,以主流媒體(如《海峽時報》)報導為事件背景,對照播客內容,呈現Mr. Brown Show觀點,並歸納製作群的慣用表述策略,如文字遊戲、雙關語、偽裝角色等,申論政治諷刺拓展公民新聞學實踐的範疇。
Mr. Brown Show以播客為載具,網路為傳播平台,正好規避當局對傳統媒介的管制,更甚者,當局未干涉播客的諷刺評論,Mr. Brown Show為另類媒介提供生存線索,並拓寬當前播客的使用目的。
傳播科技帶來新媒體發展的可能性,本文取Mr. Brown Show為個案,以小窺大,除了看它如何利用播客實踐公民新聞學,也探討新媒體對統治當局的挑戰。
This study examines the production of podcast by a Singaporean blogger Lee Kin Mun, a.k.a. Mr. Brown. He and his team have been utilizing the outcome of a technological convergence — podcast, in a most creative way to express their political views. By its own unique style of satire, Mr. Brown Show has survived in this city state’s closely regulated Internet sphere. In addition, it emerged as a good example of citizen journalism, providing survival tips for local alternative media. It remains to be seen, however, in what way Mr. Brown Show or its likes can make a difference on Singapore’s online democracy.
目錄
第壹章 新加坡媒介與網路生態 3
一、 新加坡媒體管制 7
二、 網路管制概況 8
(一)網路建設 8
(二)成文法律規範 9
(三)自律意識型態宣傳 10
(四)近年管制案例 11
(五)網路的另類使用模式 14
(六)部落格界主動出擊 15
第貳章 公民新聞學、科技匯流/新媒體與政治諷刺 17
一、 人民動手做的新聞學 17
二、 科技匯流、新媒體與播客 21
三、 政治諷刺與幽默 24
第參章 播客MR. BROWN SHOW 27
一、 誰是MR. BROWN? 27
二、 MR. BROWN SHOW (www.mrbrownshow.com) 28
三、 分析策略 39
第肆章 深入MR. BROWN SHOW 44
一、 二○○六新加坡國會選舉 44
二、 數位時代、新媒體 52
三、 民生議題 61
四、 MAS SELAMAT逃脫 76
五、 表述策略分析 85
六、 獨特的政治諷刺播客 88

第伍章 討論與總結 90
一、 從脈絡談起 90
二、 MR. BROWN SHOW的公民新聞學實踐 90
三、 MR. BROWN SHOW替另類媒體點燈 91
四、 播客創造生存優勢 92
五、 MR. BROWN SHOW的創新 92
六、來自公民(新)媒體的挑戰 94
七、限制、建議與展望 95
參考文獻 97
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引用新聞列表(依報載時間由近至遠):

1.聯合早報(2008年4月22日)。總理對馬士沙拉末逃脫事件的聲明(英文全文)。取自:http://www.zaobao.com.sg/special/us/pages9/attack080422az.shtml
(2007年8月20日)。總理國慶群眾大會演講 改善公積金制度保障晚年。取自:http://www.zaobao.com/special/singapore/pages3/ndp070820g.html
(2006年8月21日)。李總理國慶群眾大會演講(數碼時代)。取自:
http://www.zaobao.com/special/singapore/pages3/2006ndp060821f.html
(2006年5月13日)。涉及恐嚇選舉局職員 戈麥斯受警方嚴厲警告了事。取自:http://www.zaobao.com/special/singapore/ge2006/pages/ge060513o.html
2. 亞洲新聞網 (2006). Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's National Day Rally. Retrieved April 18, 2008 from http://www.channelnewsasia.com/nationalday/rally/
3. 海峽時報(皆取自Lexis Nexis資料庫)
(2008年5月8日) Govt looking at lighter touch on Net; Mica tells bloggers’ group its views will be considered in review of new media.
( 2008年5月2 日) Bureaucratic ambiguity and Internet freedom.
(2008年4月27日) Time to move on to more pressing tasks.
(2008年4月22日) Gone in 11 mins; DPM Wong details events on day of Mas Selamat’ s escape.
(2008年2月29日) How did he manage to escape?
(2007年11月24日) Yo, check it out, MDA’ s bringin’ down the house!
(2007年11月22日) Clever video or bad rap? Innovative, funny or just silly? MDA’ s rap video is getting people talking.
(2007年7月16日) GST hike: Survey shows little impact on hawker stall prices; Only 61 hawker stalls, of the 1,300 polled, have raised price by 10-50 cents.
(2007年7月13日) Food price hikes not excessive; ST check finds prices of some items up, but few retailers have raised prices beyond GST hike.
(2007年6月16日) Cashing in on the cashless society?
(2007年5月22日)Nets fee hike to start on July 1; small retailers have advised customers to pay cash or expect goods to cost more.
(2007年4月10日) Ministers and civil servants get pay rise of up to 33%.
(2007年3月23日) Top govt salaries far behind private sector’s; PM discloses the wide gap and urgent need to retain talent in public sector.
(2006年8月23日) Reaping benefits, managing risks.
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