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研究生:張雪惠
研究生(外文):Agustini
論文名稱:中文「被」與印尼文“di-”的語意對比研究:以資料庫為基礎
論文名稱(外文):A Corpus-based Semantic Analysis of Passives: Comparing Bei in Mandarin Chinese and di- in Bahasa Indonesia
指導教授:張郇慧張郇慧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, Hsun Huei
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:語言學研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:語言學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:中文印尼文被動詞語意分析語料庫
外文關鍵詞:Mandarin ChineseBahasa IndonesiaPassive verbsSemantic analysisCorpus
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This thesis combines corpus-based and contrastive approaches, seeking to provide a systematic explanation of passive construction in two typologically distinct languages, Mandarin Chinese and Bahasa Indonesia.

Previous studies of bei construction and di- passive have mentioned and discussed some verbs which can or cannot be passivized; however, they have not yet provided a systematic categorization of those passivized verbs. Therefore, this thesis aims to reveal the semantic restrictions that affect the compatibility of verbs to appear in passive form. This corpus-based contrastive study also suggests similarities and differences of passives in both languages in terms of structure, meaning, and function.

Analysis in this study is based on two corpora: (1) the internet posting of news articles in Bahasa Indonesia from Kompas Cyber Media between January 7-13, 2008; (2) the internet posting of news articles in Mandarin Chinese from 中國時報 ‘China Times’ between January 7-13, 2008. News articles were taken from the same or consecutive days from two main topics: international news and entertainment news.

The findings in this study show that transitivity is the most prominent semantic feature of the verbal stems in order to be eligible for passivization in both languages. Bei passives are more often to co-occur with transitive verbs while di- passives can co-occur with both intransitive and transitive verbs. Regarding the relation between structure and meaning, passivization process in Mandarin Chinese only adds a causative-resultative reading and does not change the lexical meaning of the verbal stem. On the contrary, the passivization process in Bahasa Indonesia involves a complex derivation process which alters the transitivity and lexical meaning of the base verb.
Chapter 1 Introduction...................................1
1.1 Motivation.......................................1
1.2 Research questions...............................3
1.3 The objectives..................................10
1.4 Organization of the thesis......................11

Chapter 2 Literature Review.............................13
2.1 Functions of passive.............................14
2.2 Previous studies of bei passives.................15
2.2.1 Type of verbs..............................15
2.2.2 Passive vs. aspect.........................21
2.3 Previous studies of di- passives.................26

Chapter 3 Analysis......................................30
3.1 The corpus.......................................30
3.2 Bei construction in Mandarin Chinese.............33
3.2.1 Frequency.................................33
3.2.2 Categorization and distribution of the
bei verbs.................................33
3.2.3 Analysis of the bei verbs.................35
3.2.3.1 Intransitive verbal stems.............35
3.2.3.2 Transitive verbal stems...............42
3.2.4 Summary...................................55
3.3 Di- passives in Bahasa Indonesia.................57
3.3.1 Frequency.................................57
3.3.2 Distribution of di- verbs.................58
3.3.3 Analysis of di- verbs.....................60
3.3.3.1 Intransitive verbal stems.............60
3.3.3.2 Transitive verbal stems...............69
3.3.4 Summary...................................74
3.4 A contrastive analysis of bei and di- passives...75
3.4.1 Overall frequency and distribution........75
3.4.2 The restrictions to verbal stems..........76
3.4.3 Semantic typology...............................78

Chapter 4 Conclusion....................................80
4.1 Summary of results...............................80
4.2 Limitations of the study.........................81
4.3 Suggestions for future research..................82

References..............................................83
Appendixes..............................................88
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