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研究生:劉立詮
研究生(外文):Liu, Lee Chuan
論文名稱:俄羅斯和中國進入世界貿易組織和經濟管理之變遷
論文名稱(外文):Russia and China's Transition into the WTO and Economic Governance
指導教授:王定士王定士引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, Ding Shu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:中國大陸研究英語碩士學程(IMCS)
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2007
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:151
中文關鍵詞:俄羅斯中國世界貿易組織經濟管理變遷
外文關鍵詞:RussiaChinaWTOEconomic GovernanceTransition
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俄羅斯和中國進入世界貿易組織和經濟管理之變遷
This research compares Russia and China’s formal and informal economic institutions, against the backdrop of the WTO. It analyzes the changing dynamics of interaction of institutional elements and processes that create the framework for economic governance under the WTO, situating Russia and China’s economic governance under WTO against the context of the respective countries’ economic transition processes. The institutional elements and processes of economic governance comprise such elements as: policies, legislation, institutions, organizations, government capacity, predictability, accountability, transparency, and participation. This research argues that while Russia and China significantly diverged in strategies in their transitions from a socialist economic system, their linkage to the past as they transition into the WTO creates useful comparisons that give us insights into what types of economic governance has worked, and what the two countries can learn from each other, if anything. Despite the concessions and economic integration the WTO could offer both Russia and China, there is no question the Russian federal government and the Chinese central government will continue to wield significant influence on its economic governance.
I. Introduction………………………………………………7

Background and purpose of the study……………………...7
Hypothesized propositions and framework of the study….9
Literature review and methodology of the stud….…...….16

II. Transition in Russia and China…………..…….21

Ideological undercurrents………………………..…………21
Search for Economic Models………………………….……24
Russia’s shock-therapy……………………………….……..28
Transitioning toward the WTO……………………...…….32
Gradualism in China……………………………….…….…35
Harnessing the Levers of State Control…………….……..35
Comparative Advantage Defying Strategy…………...……38
Conclusion……………………………………………….…..39

III. Transition aftermath on economic governance in Russia and China………...…….41

Meaning of Economic Governance………………….…….41
Economic Governance in China……………………...……43
Historical Foundations……………………………………44
Disadvantages……………………………………….……47
Advantages………………………………………...………48
The Relevance of Economic Governance in Russia…...….52
Economic Growth and Democratization…………………..52
Vladimir Putin……………………………………………..54
Conclusion……………………………………………..……59

IV. WTO constraints and opportunities……..……60

Global Pressures on Russia’s WTO Accession……………60
Russian Government Legitimacy under WTO……………61
WTO Primary Purpose for Russia…………………………65
Changing Economic Institutions in Russia…………..……66
WTO Primary Purpose for China……………………..…..70
Comparison of Contentious issues in Russia and China…73
Agriculture……………………………………………..….73
Tariffs………………………………………………...……75
Automotive and Aeronautical Industries……………..……77
Banking…………………………………………..………..78
Conclusion…………………………………………..……….84

V. New Competing Domestic Interests in Russia …………………………………………………………….87

Multifaceted concerns…………………………….……………88
Intellectual Property Rights……………………….…………..92
Agriculture…………………………………………..…………93
Services……………………………………………….…………95
Civil Aircraft……………………………………....…………..97
Other issues………………………………………..…………..98
Tariffs………………………………………..……………98
Customs regulations……………………………………….98
Importing licensing ……………………….………………98
Government procurement…………………….…………..98
Oligarchs………………………………………………..……..99
Conclusion…………………………………………...………..105

VI. WTO and Economic Governance………..…..108

New International Concerns……………………………..108
Promoting Growth, Stability and Influence……..……….108
Disenchantment with US Unipolarity……………………108
China and Multipolarity……………………..…………..112
Cementing a New Strategy of Economic Governance…..114
Economic Capability……………………………………..118
Organizational Capacity…………………………………128
Patrimonial Authoritarianism……………………………133
Conclusion…………………………………………………139
VII. Conclusion……………………………………….….140
VIII. Bibliography…………………………………….…..146
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