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研究生:袁力強
研究生(外文):Yuan, Li Chung
論文名稱:台灣新移民非政府組織及反人口販運之研究
論文名稱(外文):On New Immigrant Protection NGOs and Anti-Human Trafficking in Taiwan
指導教授:江明修江明修引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiang, Min Hsiu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:臺灣研究英語碩士學程
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:英文
論文頁數:129
中文關鍵詞:非政府組織新移民人口販運
外文關鍵詞:NGONew ImmigrantHuman Trafficking
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According to Taiwanese official data in 2008, there are estimated 450,000 new immigrant women came to Taiwan for marriage; who are usually called “foreign brides.” Most new immigrant women come from Mainland China and Southeast Asia, and they have become the fifth largest ethnic group in Taiwan in the past decade. However, new immigrants are the vulnerable and disadvantageous minority groups in Taiwan’s society. They have often been ill-treated and suffered social discrimination; thus creates many social problems. New immigrant protection Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), with their dedication, passion, and flexibility, help resolve numerous plights and problems for new immigrants.
Another emphasis of this study focuses on the NGO’s campaign for anti-human trafficking in Taiwan. Human trafficking is a serious and intolerable crime which the efforts of countries worldwide to combat human trafficking are watched and evaluated by U.S. In June 2008, the U.S. State Department announced the Trafficking in Persons Report 2008; in which Taiwan was ranked “Tier 2,” indicating that more anti-trafficking efforts need to be made. NGOs around the world are engaged in combating human trafficking in variety activities including prevention, prosecution, protection, rescues/raids, reintegration, and repatriation. NGOs often work with few resources yet can be effective in complimenting the activities of governments, or even taking the place of government efforts. To combat human trafficking, Taiwanese NGO such as Taipei Women’s Rescue Foundation is inquired by international NGOs about Taiwanese government’s strategy.
The roles of NGOs in resolving social problems are getting stronger and thus can not be ignored. Through literature review and in-depth interviews, this paper addresses and examines several issues on new immigrant women and human trafficking in Taiwan; also, how new immigrant protection NGOs in Taiwan deal with those issues is discussed.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I
ABSTRACT II
LIST OF TABLES V
LIST OF FIGURES VI
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Background and Motive of Research 1
1.1.1 New Immigrant in Taiwan 1
1.1.2 Human Trafficking in Taiwan 4
1.2 Purposes of the Research 5
1.2.1 Research Questions 6
1.3 Research Framework 6
1.3.1 Research Framework 8
1.4 Methodology 9
1.4.1 Data Collection Methods 9
1.4.2 Literature Review and Secondary data analysis 9
1.4.3 In-depth interview 10
1.4.4 Content Analysis 14
1.5 Definition of Terms 15
1.5.1 New Immigrants 15
1.5.2 Human Trafficking 15
1.5.3 Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) 16
Chapter 2 Literature Review 18
2.1 Literature Review on New Immigrant Issues 18
2.1.1 Literatures on New Immigrant Women in Taiwan 18
2.1.2 Literature Review on Human Trafficking in Taiwan 24
2.2 Introduction of Theories 27
2.2.1 Migration Theory 27
2.3 Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Related Theories 30
2.3.1 Defining Non-Governmental Organization 30
2.3.2 Emergence of the Non-Governmental Organizations 32
Chapter 3 Status of New Immigrants in Taiwan 39
3.1 Significant Phenomenon of Migration in Asia 39
3.2 Issues of the New Immigrant Women 40
3.2.1 The Emergence of Transnational Marriages 41
3.3 New Immigrant Women in Taiwan 43
3.3.1 Statistics and Facts of New Immigrant Women in Taiwan 44
3.4 Plights Faced by New Immigrant Women in Taiwan 47
Chapter 4 Situation of Human Trafficking in Taiwan 54
4.1 Generalization of Human Trafficking 54
4.1.1 Trafficking vs. Smuggling 54
4.1.2 Causes of Trafficking 56
4.2 Status of Human Trafficking in Taiwan 58
4.2.1 Taiwan: Ranked Tier 2 by the Trafficking in Persons Report 2008 60
4.3 History of Anti-Human Trafficking Campaign in Taiwan 61
4.4 Combating Human Trafficking 64
4.4.1 Taiwan’s Efforts in Combating Human Trafficking 65
Chapter 5 New Immigrant Protection NGOs in Taiwan 68
5.1 The Development of Feminist NGOs in Taiwan 68
5.2 Types of Service Provided by New Immigrant Protection NGOs 70
5.2.1 NGO Projects Sponsored by Government 74
5.3 Roles of New Immigrant Protection NGOs 78
5.4 Future Efforts for New Immigrant Protection NGOs 80
5.5 Anti-Human Trafficking Campaign of NGO 83
5.5.1 Services provided by NGOs 83
5.6 Introduction of New Immigrant Protection NGOs in Taiwan 85
5.6.1 New Immigrant NGOs 85
5.6.2 Anti-Human Trafficking NGOs 87
Chapter 6 Conclusion and Recommendations 90
6.1 Conclusion 90
6.1.1 NGO as a Solution 90
6.1.2 NGO Networks and Alliances 90
6.2 Recommendations 91
6.2.1 On New Immigrant NGOs 92
6.2.2 On Anti-Human Trafficking Campaign 92
6.3 Future Researches 93
REFERENCES 95
APPENDICES 101
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Hsia, Hsiao-Chuan (2000). Transnational Marriages and Internationalization of Capital – the
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Hsia, Hsiao-Chuan (2004). Prospects and Impasse of Multicultural Citizenship in the Era of
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Hsiao, H. H. Michael and Ying-Hsiu Tsai (2006). The Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) for Foreign Workers and Foreign Spouses in Taiwan: A Portrayal. International Workshop on “The Role of Civil Society for Global and Democratic Governance.” Asia-Pacific Research Forum, Vol. 33.

International Migrant Stock (2002). United Nations.

International Organization for Migration (2001). New IOM Figures on the Global Scale of Trafficking. Geneva.

International Organization for Migration (2005). World Migration 2005: Costs and
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Kung,Yu-Chien Lorna. (2007). Migration flows in Asia specific focus on Thailand, Philippines, Indonesia, Mongolia, Vietnam and Taiwan. The Catholic Church in Asia Cares for the Migrants in Taiwan” March 16-19, 2007 - Wencui Center Taipei, Taiwan.

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Liao, Bruce (2005). “Our” Laws, “Their” Lives—How Taiwan Law Discriminates Against the Newly-Arrived Female Immigrants. International Workshop for Asian NGOs on Female Immigrants and Migrants, Taipei.

Napiere, Fr. Eliseo (2007). Taiwan New Immigrants Foreign Spouses. The conference “The Catholic Church in Asia Cares for the Migrants in Taiwan” held March 16-19, 2007 in Wencui Center, Taipei

National Immigration Agency (2008). 2007 Report on Prevention of Trafficking in Persons.

Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Piper, Nicola and Mina Roces, (eds). (2003). Wife or Worker? Asian Women and Migration.
New York: Rowman and Littlefield.

Ravenstein E.G., (1885). The Laws of Migration. Journal of the Statistical Society of
London,Vol.48.No2, pp167-235.

Salamon, L.M., Anheier, H.K. (1992). In search of the Nonprofit Sector 2: The problem of
classification. The Johns Hopkins Comp. Nonprofit Sector - Project Series- No.3.

Salamon, L, S.Wojciech Sokolowski, Regina List. (2003). Global Civil Society An
Overview. The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project. Johns Hopkins University.

United Nations (2000). The Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. (2000).

US State Department (2000). Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA).

US State Department (2008). Trafficking in Persons Report 2008.

Weisbrod, A (1988). The Nonprofit Economy. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

William, Cousins (1991). "Non-Governmental Initiatives" in ADB, The Urban Poor and Basic Infrastructure Services in Asia and the Pacific. Asian Development Bank, Manila.

World Migrant Stock (2005). The 2005 Revision Population Database. United Nations Population Division.


Chinese References

刁建生 (2007)。〈全球治理下非政府組織安全維護的角色與功能:從人口販運犯罪活動面向觀察〉。國立臺灣大學政治學系第六屆「公共事務」論文發表會。

王振軒 (2003)。《非政府組織摡論》。台中:必中出版社。

江明修主編 (2002)。《非營利管理》台北:智勝。

江明修、林育健 (2008) 。〈新移民就業輔導政策與社會資本之研究〉。2008 TASPAA夥伴關係與永續發展國際學術研討會。

任玉瓊 (2007)。〈大陸女性配偶來臺生活適應經驗之探討以基隆市大陸配偶為例〉。國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程論文,未出版,台北。

何春蕤 (2005)。〈從反對人口販賣到全面社會規訓:台灣兒少NGO的牧世大業〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,第59期。

李志明 (2007)。人口販運之現狀分析。《刑事雙月刊》,21,4-8。

高宗信 (2006)。〈非政府組織在外籍新娘文化適應的角色與功能之研究〉。南華大學非營利事業管理研究所論文,未出版,嘉義。

夏曉鵑主編(2005)。《不要叫我外籍新娘》。台北,左岸文化。

陳定銘 (2008)。〈台灣非營利組織在新移民婦女照顧政策之研究〉。2008年全球非政府組織國際學術研討會。

陳怡潔(2006)。〈新移民人權的倡導歷程-以「移民/移住人權修法聯盟」為例〉。台北大學社會工作系碩士論文,未出版,台北。

陳建成 (2006)。〈台灣地區大陸配偶社會適應問題之研究〉。國立政治大學行政管理碩士學程論文,未出版,台北。

郭順德 (2006)。〈非政府組織在兩岸防制偷渡犯罪問題中的角色與功能-以中華民國紅十字會總會為例〉。南華大學非營利事業管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義。

黃雅羚 (2004)。〈販運人口行為之研究〉。國立台灣海洋大學海洋法律研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義。

黃瀞瑩(2007)。〈東南亞與大陸外籍配偶參與我國勞動市場之實證研究〉。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所碩士論文,未出版,高雄。

葉尉鑫 (2007)。〈新移民女性在台生活適應與政府生活輔導政策之研究〉。國立政治大學公共行政學系碩士論文,未出版,台北。

葉琬華 (2006)。〈從多元文化主義論台灣東南亞外籍配偶輔導政策-澳洲多元文化經驗對我國的啟示〉。中央警察大學外事警察研究所論文,未出版,桃園。

葉肅科 (2006) 。《外籍與大陸配偶家庭問題與政策: 社會資本/融合觀點》。台北市:學富文化。

張雅翕 (民95)。〈移民社會網絡及政治參與-以「南洋台灣姊妹會」為例〉。中正大學政治學研究所碩士論文,未出版,嘉義。

蒲雨琳 (2006)。〈防制偷渡人蛇集團之研究〉。逢甲大學公共政策研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。

盧逸璇 (2003)。〈全球化下的人口販賣研究:大陸女子來台從事性產業之政經結構分析〉。中興大學國際政治研究所碩士論文,未出版,台中。

內政部 (2003)。《九十二年外籍與大陸配偶生活狀況調查》。

內政部 (2008)。《96年度外籍配偶照顧輔導基金核定補助案》。

內政部 (2008)。《外籍與大陸配偶生活適應輔導成果報告》。

行政院 (2006)。《行政院防制人口販運行動計畫》。

監察院 (2004)。《外籍新娘與大陸配偶照顧輔導相關問題案之相關報告》。
Internet Resources

Domestic

Department of Statistics, Ministry of Interior (內政部統計資訊服務網)
http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/index.asp

ECPAT Taiwan (台灣終止童妓協會)
http://www.ecpat.org.tw/

Garden of Hope Foundation (勵馨基金會)
http://www.goh.org.tw/main.asp

Good Shepherd Sisters Foundation (天主教善牧基金會)
http://www.goodshepherd.org.tw/index.html

National Immigration Administration (移民署)
http://www.immigration.gov.tw

Pearl S. Buck Foundation (賽珍珠基金會)
http://www.psbf.org.tw/

Taipei Women’s Rescue Foundation (婦女救援基金會)
http://www.twrf.org.tw/chinese/index1.asp

TransAsia Sisters Association, Taiwan (南洋姐妹會)
http://www.tasat.org.tw

YWCA Taiwan (基督教女青年會)
http://www.ywca.org.tw/


International

Coalition Against Trafficking in Women (CATW)
http://www.catwinternational.org


Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking
http://www.trafficked-women.org

Global Alliance Against Traffic in Women
http://www.inet.co.the/org/gaatw

Human Rights Watch
http://www.hrw.org

International Organization for Migration
http://iom.int

NGOs and the United Nations Department of Public Information
http://www.un.org/dpi/ngosection/brochure.htm.

Trafficking in Persons Report 2008, U.S. Department of State
http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2008/

World Bank
http://wbln0018.worldbank.org/essd/essd.nsf/NGOs/home.
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