跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.204.48.69) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/29 15:01
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:張晏銘
研究生(外文):Yen-Ming Chang
論文名稱:多孔隙混凝土之產製技術研發與性質研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of Porous Concrete
指導教授:張明添
指導教授(外文):Ming-Tian Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:96
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:多孔隙混凝土
外文關鍵詞:Porous Concrete
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:94
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本文目的主在進行預鑄多孔隙混凝土生態塊石量產技術研究與模擬現場灌製方式製造多孔隙混凝土。配比設計採用無細混凝土配比設計概念,主要由骨材與膠結材料兩種來源,與普通混凝土不同的是,膠結材料僅黏結骨材顆粒,並未完全填充骨材顆粒之間的孔隙而構成具有連通孔隙,為高透水性且具有力學強度的混凝土材料。實驗中並且以爐石與細砂來取代水泥的用量,並且測試其差異性。
由實驗結果可知,多孔隙混凝土具有高透水性與低單位重等特性。由於多孔隙混凝土生態塊石和多孔隙混凝土,試體尺寸與實驗方式的不同,導致混凝土生態塊圍壓效應影響較大◦在爐石取代水泥的試驗方面(重量取代),由結果可知爐石的取代率達到30%時,並不影響整體的力學強度,並且在多孔隙混凝土生態塊石製作時能有利於順利脫模的效果,而細砂的添加則會明顯降低多孔隙混凝土的力學強度。多孔隙混凝土最佳配比為水膠比介於0.25~0.35中間,漿體體積為55%,在此條件下漿體流動性與黏滯度合宜,漿體可有效包裹骨材表面,對骨材具有足夠之握裹力,並且可有效發揮多孔隙混凝土之透水性。
多孔隙混凝土製品具有高透水性與一定的力學強度,可應用於強度需求不高的工程上,如人行步道、停車場鋪面與農田排水路面,並且可涵養水源以提供植物的生長,達到生態保育、美化環境與節能減碳等益處。
The purpose of this article are both to discuss the technique of mass production of porous concrete block and construction art of manufacture porous concrete in the field. Mixture or proportions was designed to use the concept of no-fine concrete which mainly comes from two sources, aggregate materials and binder materials. The difference of porous concrete to that of normal concrete is that binder materials is only attached to aggregate particles and not completely filled in between the pores of aggregate particles which constitute pores that are connected. This is a concrete material that contains high permeability and mechanical intensity. In this experiment, slag and fine sand are used in substitute of concrete to test its differences.
From the result of the experiment, we noticed that porous concrete contains high permeability and low unit weight. Due to the different specimen size and experiment method of porous concrete block and porous concrete, the confined effect has a greater impact on porous concrete block. In the experiment where slag substitute concrete (replacement by weigh), we can see from the result that when the substitution rate reaches 30%, it does not affect the entire mechanical intensity. Moreover, during the manufacturing of porous concrete block may bring conducive effect of demolding smoothly and with the addition of fine sand will reduce the mechanical intensity of porous concrete. The most optimal mixture or proportions of porous concrete is in between the water to cement ratio of 0.25 to 0.35 with (cement) paste volume of 55%. Under this condition, the fluidity and adhesiveness of (cement) paste is most appropriate which may effectively enwrap the surface of aggregate. This may enable the aggregate to contain sufficient of bond and effectively perform the permeability of porous concrete.
Porous concrete product contains high permeability and mechanical intensity which may be applied to construction that does not require high intensity, such as pedestrian trails, parking lots paved road and farmland drainage. It can also conserve water to provide for plant growth which can protect our ecological system, beautify the environment, and save energy.
謝誌 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
第一章 緒言 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 透水混凝土 4
2.2透水混凝土之組成材料 6
2.3 透水混凝土之設計 8
2.4 透水混凝土的性質 10
2.5 生態工法 12
2.6 透水混凝土應用於灌排水路設計概念【6】 12
第三章 試驗規劃 17
3.1配比設計 17
3.2 預鑄多孔隙混凝土生態塊石量產製技術研發與性能測試 21
3.3 場製多孔隙混凝土試作與性能測試 23
第四章 試驗結果與討論 37
4.1預鑄多孔隙混凝土塊石產製與工程性質試驗結果 37
4.2場製多孔隙混凝土 41
第五章 結論與建議 64
5-1 結論 64
5-2 建議 66
參考文獻 67
(1)「生態工法觀摩與研習」,農田水利聯合會研究報告,2004。
(2)「可滲透式人型鋪面材料(無細骨材混凝土)及施工方法研究」,內政部建築研究所研究計畫成果報告,MOIS 891005,89.10.23。
(3)鄭瑞濱、潘昌林,「透水性舖面介紹」,WERC 水環研究中心,2001。
(4)陳豪吉、林建國,「輕質磚之配比及工程性質研究」,興大工程學刊,第13 卷,第3 期,2002.11。
(5)楊雅雲,輕質骨材抗壓磚之透水性研究,國立成功大學土研所, 1993.6。
(6)何廷祥,「透水混凝土應用在灌排水路之初步研究」,逢甲大學水利工程學系碩專班碩士論文,2005.7。
(7)ACI Committee 211, “Guide for Selecting Proportions for No-Slump Concrete,” ACI 211.3R-97, ACI Committee 211 Report, American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, Michigan, 1998, 26 pages.ACPA (1993), Concrete Paving Technology, Recycling Concrete Pavement, American Concrete Pavement Association, Skokie, Illinois.
(8)Mehta , P.K. and J.M Monteior , Concrete Structures , Properties andMaterials , 2nd Edion , Prentice Hall Inc.New Jersey,1993.
(9)D. Bonen , K.H. Khayat , “Characterization and pozzolanic propertiesof silica fume stored in an open pond” , Cement and ConcreteResearch , Vol.25 , No.2 , pp.395-407 , 1995.
(10)Antonio Princigallo, Klaas van Breugel ,Giovanni Levita “Influence ofthe aggregate on the electrical conductivity of Portland cementconcretes”, Cement and Concrete Research , Vol.33 , pp.1755-1763 , 2003.
(11)S. Mindess , J. F. Young , “Concrete” , 2nd Edition , PearsonEducation , Inc. , Upper Saddle River , N. J. , 1981. NRMAC, “CIP 38 - Pervious Concrete,” Concrete in Practice: What, why & how?, National Ready Mixed Concrete Association, 2004.
(12)楊靜,「建築材料與人居環境施普林格出版社」,清華大學出版社。
(13)Davidovits, J., “What Future for Portland Cement” Symposium onCement and Concrete in Global Environment", Chicago, Illinois, USA, pp.10-11, Mar. 1993.
(14)Gong, C., and Yang, N., “Effect of Phosphate on The Hydration ofAlkali-Activated Red Mud-Slag Cementitious Material", Cement andConcrete Research, Vol. 30, pp.1013-1016, 2000.
(15)孫凡,「骨材粒徑與膠結漿體變化下對透水混凝土行為影響之研究」,國立台灣海洋大學河海工程學系碩士論文,2006.6。
(16)洪楚寶,「水土保持第二版」,中國土木水利工程學會,1996。
(17)Peavy, Howard S., Donald R. Rowe, and George Tchobanoglous, ”Environmental Engineering”, McGraw-Hill, Inc, 1985.
(18)陳鴻烈,「生態環境技術」,林務局自然生態工程觀摩研討會(第一期),1998。
(19)郭瓊瑩、郭育任、林大元,”流域河川生態設計準則”。行政院環境保護署委託研究報告。1995。
(20)Schneider, David C. Quantitative Ecology: Spatial and Temporal Scaling. Academic Press, Inc.1994.
(21)郭一羽,”水域生態工程”,中華大學水域生態環境研究中心,2001。
(22)Dominguez, Eduardo A., Ullmann, Rosa, ”Ecological bricks made with clays and steel dust pollutants”, Applied Clay Science Volume 11, Issue 2-4, 1996.12, pp.237-249.
(23)Pavlenko, S.I., “Fine-grained concrete containing spoils from open cuts and hydroremoved ash from thermal power plants of Ekibastuz as aggregates”, Construction and Building Materials Volume 12, Issue 6-7, 1998.09, pp.347-351.
(24)Aida, Shuhei, ”An introduction to ecotechnology and its application to the AIES project”, Pattern Recognition Volume 28, Issue 10, 1995.10, pp.1455-1458.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top